Boiling new decade

  The Internet started from ARPANET in 1969, and has gone through more than half a century. Its development process can be divided into several stages.
  The first stage is the first 20 years. With its connectionless packet network technology, the Internet has become the experimental network of the US Department of Defense and the National Science Foundation network, supporting academic research applications, and the main business is data transmission in the form of e-mail. . Our country is just a bystander at this stage.
  The second stage is the second 20 years. In the early 1990s, the WWW (World Wide Web) appeared, pushing the Internet into commercial applications. Portals first appeared, followed by e-commerce platforms, search engines, and social networks. At this stage, the Internet is mainly based on consumer-oriented applications, and advertising has become the main business model. This is the fastest stage in which the Internet has become popular. This stage is a period from learning to thinking and seeking development for the Chinese Internet. Sina, Alibaba, Baidu, Tencent, etc. started by following the models of Yahoo, Amazon, Google, and Facebook. However, the Internet bubble at the turn of the century brought a big wave to the fledgling Chinese Internet and triggered young Chinese Internet companies to start thinking. At this stage, China’s Internet has grown amid hardships, and my country has rapidly developed into a network power.
  The third stage can be counted from 2010, and it has been more than 10 years now. With the advent of global 4G commercial and 5G technology, mobile Internet has become a new driving force in this stage. The rise of cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, blockchain, artificial intelligence and other technologies endows this stage with intelligent characteristics. This stage of the Internet is still dominated by consumer-oriented applications, but different from the previous stage, more new business formats and new models with Chinese characteristics have emerged in this stage, and they have begun to penetrate into government affairs and industries. In application. For China’s Internet, this is a stage in which my country’s network governance is gradually being improved, and it is also a stage in which it moves from following to innovative development. Creative ideas such as mobile payment, shared travel, social e-commerce, smart search, and short videos have surpassed their foreign counterparts and have been widely used in my country and have gone abroad.
  The sudden outbreak of the new coronavirus pneumonia in 2020 has made people change from passive acceptance to active adaptation to online life and online work. Internet applications have grown against the trend, which has greatly promoted cloud-network synergy, and provided Internet companies with access to smart cities and industrial services. A vast space.
  However, although the Industrial Internet has a bright future, it is still difficult for Internet companies to handle. Customer personalization, application fragmentation, standard diversification, ultra-broadband, low latency, high security and reliability, and long return periods have raised the barriers for enterprises to enter. The subsidies that enterprises are familiar with in the consumer Internet stage gather popularity and earn money. The business model of traffic cannot be replicated. The Industrial Internet is the second half of the Internet, calling for technological innovation and mechanism innovation. Internet companies need to cooperate with the industries they serve to open up the situation.
  What is even more serious in 2020 is that the overseas development of China’s Internet business has been unfairly suppressed and the international environment has changed. Individual irregularities in the domestic Internet industry have harmed the environment on which enterprises depend for development, and the abuse of some new technologies has violated the rights and interests of users. China’s Internet needs to be reformed to adapt to the changes in the international environment and the requirements of the new domestic development pattern.
  In short, 2020 is a year in which China’s Internet needs to calm down and think carefully, and it is also a key point for the sustainable development of China’s Internet and a new starting point for a new start.
  In the new decade beginning in 2021, is the third phase continuing or the beginning of a new phase? At present, there is still uncertainty. However, 2021 is the first year of my country’s “14th Five-Year Plan”. The “14th Five-Year Plan” is also a critical period for my country to accurately grasp the new development stage, thoroughly implement the new development concept, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern, and promote high-quality development. Develop the industrial Internet, increase the construction of 5G networks and gigabit optical networks, and enrich application scenarios, which will open up a larger market for the development of the Internet. During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, my country will further accelerate the development of digitalization, create new advantages in the digital economy, coordinate the promotion of digital industrialization and the transformation of industrial digitalization, accelerate the pace of construction of a digital society, improve the level of construction of digital government, and create a good digital ecology To build a digital China is also a mission that Internet companies should dare to undertake.
  How to face future development opportunities and challenges?
  There is a famous saying in the Internet industry: We do not predict the future, we create the future! Learning from the past and learning the new will help create the future.
  ”A New Decade of Boiling: Brave Travelers in the Mobile Internet Jungle” is a sister chapter of “Fifteen Years of Boiling: China Internet 1995-2009” published by the author in 2009. This book chronicles the “net people” and “net things” that have influenced the development of China’s Internet industry for more than 10 years, reviews the footprints of the simultaneous development of China’s Internet and society, and jointly outlines the panorama of China’s Internet development. . The writing style of this book is to show the past in the form of stories. One story brings out another story. It is full of vivid cases and vivid portrayals. The mental journey and industrial legends are familiar to each other, which resonates, is fascinating and highly readable.
  From this, we can see that behind the success are difficult choices, grasp of opportunities, persistence in innovation, re-emergence after a fall, and cohesion of people’s hearts. The development of China’s Internet seems to be smooth sailing, but it is actually being carried out in error correction. Industry innovation and regulatory exploration go hand in hand. Thanks to the policy of “active utilization, scientific development, management according to law, and ensuring safety”, the Internet in China has developed in a healthy and orderly manner as a whole.