European Geographical Center Lithuania

Lithuania is an ancient civilization with a long history. Its history and cultural heritage are extremely deep. At the same time, Lithuanians firmly believe in Catholicism. The large picture on the left is the famous Hill of Crosses, a spiritual symbol of the Lithuanian people’s resistance to aggression and the struggle for national and national independence; the first picture on the right is the feast statue of the Muse goddess in the Lithuanian National Theatre; the second picture on the right is the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, National emblem of the Federation of Poland-Lithuania.

  Among the three Baltic countries, Lithuania has the largest area and the largest population, and has the strongest national identity and national beliefs.
  In history, Lithuania’s national strength was very strong and once dominated the European continent. However, it has been bullied by powerful countries for more than two hundred years in modern times, but Lithuanians have always adhered to their beliefs and strived for national independence. In the end, relying on a strong and unyielding will and a spirit of solidarity, Lithuania became the first of the three Baltic countries to get rid of Soviet controlled country.
  Today, Lithuania has become one of the most popular tourist countries in Northeast Europe. The heavy history and cultural heritage of the ancient civilization has fascinated every visitor. And even if the war is far away, the fighting spirit inscribed in the Lithuanians’ bones will never fade away, just as the Lithuanians’ style on the basketball court still interprets the national motto: the strength of the nation comes from unity.
Catholic “Guardian of the North” celebrates Independence Day twice a year

  The history of Lithuania begins in the early 13th century. Before that time, no country had emerged in Lithuania. Local tribes and cities were seized. The lords and the dukes were fighting each other. They had been in the eyes of the Germans and Slavs for a long time.
  Facing the threat of foreign ethnic groups, the local lords and nobles gradually came to unite. In 1219, the first loose alliance organization was born in Lithuania and successfully defeated the strong enemy. Afterwards, while sharing the battle results, internal power dumping and struggle were unavoidable.
  In this life-and-death struggle, a character who truly changed the history of Lithuania appeared-he was the first Grand Duke of Lithuania. At first, the high-level Duke from South Lithuania was still an unremarkable character, and even in the historical literature, the introduction about his origin and background was unclear. However, this did not affect the rise of Mindaugas. For more than a decade, he was ambitious to eliminate aliens through a series of means, and eventually established a unified Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
  After the death of Mindaugas, the supreme power of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania has been changed several times, but the area of ​​the country has been constantly expanding and the national power is becoming more and more prosperous. But at this time, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania has another identity, that is, the last non-Christian country in Europe. Therefore, both the Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church have been trying to draw them into their own camp.
  In 1386, the Catholic Crusaders from the West had lost patience with Lithuania, which had been swaying for a long time, and Chen Bing once harassed the Lithuanian border. Under the crisis, the then Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Jagevo, accepted the olive branch thrown from neighboring Poland-married 11-year-old Queen of Poland Yadwega, while also serving as king of Poland, converted to Catholicism. This year, Jageva led the people to welcome the official introduction of Catholicism. Since then, the last pagan country in Europe has disappeared, Lithuania has become the “guardian of the northern border” of the Catholic Church, and the Christianization of Europe for more than a thousand years has been officially completed.
  With the entry of the Catholic Church and the alliance with Poland, Lithuania’s national strength once again soared. In the 15th century, Lithuania’s territory stretched from the Baltic Sea to the coast of the Black Sea to the south, covering most of today’s Latvia, Estonia, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland and Moldova. It was one of the largest European territories at that time. And the road of union between Lithuania and Poland has also made the relationship between the two countries more intimate for hundreds of years, until the true peak is reached-in 1569, Lithuania disappeared, to be precise, it merged with Poland , Forming a brand new country: Poland-Lithuania Federation.
  The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is one of the strongest periods in history for Lithuania and Poland, and is not a flash in the pan, but lasted from the mid-16th century to the late 18th century. As a merged power, the Polish-Lithuanian Federation also failed to escape the fate of future aggression and division by the powerful countries-from the middle and late 18th century, due to the declining national strength and the defeat of the war, the Polish-Lithuanian Federation was hit by Russia, Prussia and Austria. ‘S joint efforts to split up and eventually fell apart.
  For nearly two hundred years since then, Lithuania has been desperately desperate, and has been continuously subjected to aggression and occupation by powerful countries. In these difficult years, the Lithuanians are still strong in maintaining their faith, and have never given up the pursuit of independence.
  From the end of the 18th century to the beginning of the 19th century, when the Russian Empire invaded Lithuania, it once forced the Lithuanians to abandon the Catholic Church and convert to the Orthodox Church. However, it was strongly opposed by the Lithuanian Catholics and used the form of cross to resist this atrocity. Today, Lithuania has a famous “Mountain of the Cross”, which is regarded as a symbol of piety and national independence of Lithuanians.
  Time came to the beginning of the 20th century. During the First World War, Lithuania was occupied by Germany. On February 16, 1918, Lithuania declared independence, so this day became Lithuania’s independence day; however, decades later, the more tragic World War II broke out, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union successively When Lithuania became the host, it was not until March 11, 1990 that Lithuania announced that it would get rid of the Soviet Union and become independent again. Therefore, the Lithuanians set March 11 as the country’s second independence day.

As the capital and largest city of Lithuania, Vilnius is an ancient city with hundreds of years of history, among which there are countless ancient buildings and historical sites. The large picture on the right shows the Vilnius from the height of the old city. The most prominent building is the Vilnius Cathedral and the square. The bell tower on the square is its logo; the three pictures below are the ancient Gemminas. Fort, a lady swinging on the small bridge and flowing water, mass is being held in Vilnius Cathedral.

  Cross Hill and two independence days a year seem extremely rare in the world, but this is also the epitome of the ups and downs of the Lithuanian nation and history.
Vilnius: European Geographic Center announces “independent” “Republic of the other side”

  In 1989, after being determined by the French National Geographic Institute, the geographic center of Europe was located at 54°54′ north latitude and 25°29′ east longitude—it is now near Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.
  Vilnius was founded in 1323. According to legend, the place was still inaccessible. At that time, the Grand Duke of Lithuania came here to hunt. At night, he dreamed that a huge wild wolf on the hill howled at the moon. After awakening, Dagong informed the priest that the priest thought it was auspicious, so Dagong ordered the establishment of a capital and named the city “Vilnius” from the word “Vilkas (wolf)” in Lithuanian. Since then, there has been prosperity in Lithuania for hundreds of years.
  Although this ancient legend is difficult to verify, Vilnius once existed as the political, economic and cultural center of the vast surrounding area, and it is still one of the most prosperous cities in Northeast Europe to this day. The winding Neris and Virnia rivers flow quietly, dividing the entire Vilnius into two parts: one is the old city center located in the city center, which is higher in terrain; the other half is the new city center, which guards the old city central.

Vilnius’s old town is located in the city center, and it still maintains the pattern of medieval towns. The buildings with red walls and white tiles are hidden among the lush green trees, and the scenery is very beautiful. On the other side of the old town across the Vilnius River is the famous “Uzupis”, the “Republic on the other side”, which is considered to be the most interesting place in Vilnius.

  As an ancient city with a history of hundreds of years, the Vilnius Old Town still maintains the pattern of medieval towns. With the city hall as the center, the curvy and narrow streets are filled with ancient buildings such as churches, castles, aristocratic mansions, courtyards, and so on. The elegant buildings complement each other and form an extremely shocking artistic effect, which is dazzling. Among them, there are dozens of churches in the Baroque style alone, so Vilnius is also known as the oldest Baroque city in Europe.
  At the height of the old town, stands a red brick majestic castle of Gediminas. Because of its terrain, it was once the most important military defense building in Vilnius, and now it is the best overlooking the city. Where. Ascend to the top of the three-story tower with a height of more than ten meters, and you can see from the distance, most of Vilnius is in front of you: the ancient buildings are scattered high and low, the lush green is covered by the red top and white walls, and the slender river winds like a jade belt Waving, exceptionally beautiful. And when the picturesque scenery falls into the eyes, the most conspicuous is undoubtedly the Vilnius Cathedral and the square below the old castle. It is located in the very center of the old town, with a 57-meter-high ancient clock tower standing on a wide square, which is spectacular and eye-catching. This church was first built in 1387-the first year of Lithuanian conversion to Catholicism, so it has a sacred and special significance for Lithuanians.
  Not far from Vilnius Cathedral is the more famous St. Anne’s Church. The “small and beautiful” St. Anne’s Church is 22 meters high and 10 meters wide, and they are all made of red bricks of different shapes. There are 33 kinds of red bricks used only in the outer wall of the church. St. Anne’s Church is characterized by a complex structure, and there are spires like forests around the main roof, and Cape Tassen is extremely spectacular. It is said that when passing by Napoleon during the Eastward Expedition, he was fascinated by the Church of St. Anne, and even had the idea of ​​”taking it back to Paris in his hands”.
  If the Vilnius Old Town is an important carrier of Lithuanian history, culture and faith, then the “Republic on the other side” opposite the Old Town reflects the Lithuanian people’s pursuit of freedom and romance.
  On the east side of Vilnius’s Old Town, across the Virnia River, there is an area called “Uzupis”. It was originally a gathering place for homeless artists and hippies. The reason why it became so famous is because in 1998, it declared “independence”, called “Republic of the other side”, and had its own “Constitution”, and even once had its own army. However, the announcement had no political significance and was more considered a performance art, and Lithuanian officials even welcomed it.
  When people come to Uzupis, they will find the Constitution of the Republic on the other side of the street and publicly display it in multiple languages, as if they are emphasizing all this: everyone has The power to die, but not the obligation; everyone has the power to make mistakes; everyone has the power to do nothing; everyone has the power to love and care for cats…these “constitutions” are not much, but they are not so much The law is better to think about life and philosophy.

Lithuania is the “Amber Kingdom” and the “Basketball Kingdom”. The picture on the left page is the exterior of the Amber Museum in Palanga, the “Amber Capital”. Its predecessor was a palace. It is now one of the largest amber collection exhibition halls in the world, which contains tens of thousands of amber treasures. In the four pictures on the right page, the upper right and lower left pictures are amber exhibits, beautiful; the upper left picture is the scene of the Lithuanian men’s basketball game, and the lower right picture is a boy in Vilnius who has been playing basketball since childhood.

  Perhaps this is why Uzupis is considered to be the most interesting place in Vilnius-an ideal country that pursues peace and love, a utopia where everyone has the right to happiness.
The world-famous “Amber Kingdom” basketball is the second faith

  As we all know, the Baltic coast is rich in amber, 90% of the world’s amber is produced in this area. Among the coastal countries that produce amber, Lithuania is the most prominent, not only with high output and excellent quality, but also a well-deserved “Amber Kingdom”.
  Lithuania has a long history of producing amber, far longer than the history of its country. Even as early as BC, local amber has been introduced into Central Europe and even Egypt. From the 1st to the 3rd century, the Lithuanians began to trade amber with the Roman Empire, and thus formed the “Amber Road”. The Romans called these ambers from Lithuania “gold from the north” and processed them into Various ornaments are used to highlight wealth and status.
  After a long time, Lithuanians have reached the peak of mining and using amber. In any city in Lithuania, shops selling amber can be seen everywhere. There are all kinds of amber products in the store, such as jewelry worn on the body, large decorations, and even daily necessities, such as amber handmade soap-if you don’t come to Lithuania, you might not think that amber can make so much. Tricks.
  The best way to understand Lithuanian amber crafts is to go to Palanga, the “amber capital” of Lithuania. Palanga is located on the coast of the Baltic Sea in western Lithuania. The year-round mild and humid climate and sea breeze habits, combined with extremely high vegetation coverage, provide excellent natural conditions for the breeding of natural amber.
  Palanga is known as the amber capital, not only because it is rich in amber, but also because it has a world-famous amber museum. The museum is located in Birut Park in the center of the city. It was established in 1963. Its predecessor was a magnificent palace. It is now the world’s largest amber museum and can be called Palanga’s tourist card. The Palanga Amber Museum is open to the public all year round. Its permanent exhibition hall covers an area of ​​750 square meters, including 15 dedicated exhibition rooms. A total of nearly 30,000 pieces of fine amber are on display, including the third largest amber specimen in Europe, “Sunstone” “, weighing 3.5 kg.
  Most of the exhibits in the museum are naturally formed insects and amber plants, which are carefully watched with a specially equipped magnifying glass. After a long period of time, the bodies of insects and plants are still exposed and live like alive. In addition, there are cultural and artistic ambers, such as rings from the 15th century, crosses from the 16th century, and some rosary beads, cigarette holders, and decorative boxes. The value of history and cultural relics cannot be considered.
  If amber is a quiet and literary hobby of Lithuanians, then basketball is a symbol of Lithuanian sports and fanaticism.
  Just like the Brazilians love football, the Lithuanians’ love for basketball is not inferior, they even call it the “second faith”. For Lithuanians, basketball is not just a sport, but a deeply rooted cultural tradition-in Lithuania, almost everyone will play basketball, sports resources (such as venues, funds) will always tilt to basketball, basketball games are The most watched event, the basketball star is a national idol…
  With such a strong passion, naturally also has a strong strength. Lithuania has not only cultivated NBA basketball superstars such as Kleiza, Sabonis and Jasikos Repairs, but has also created a national team with strong strength and strong conviction, which has long dominated the ranks of powerhouses in Europe and even the world. At the 2000 Sydney Olympics, the Lithuanian men’s basketball team met the so-called undefeated American men’s basketball dream team. Faced with a lineup of more than ten top NBA stars, the Lithuanian men’s basketball team did not fear. The score was ultimately defeated by only two points, which shocked the whole world.
  The reason why Lithuania has such a strong basketball strength is that Lithuania has been in contact with basketball earlier, and the people have long loved it and have been constantly absorbing Advanced concepts and tactics to cultivate talents. Therefore, with a population of less than 3 million, it has become the country with the highest proportion of basketball players in the world; second, in the middle and late 20th century, Lithuania was long occupied by the Soviet Union, so excellent basketball players can only participate in the name of the Soviet Union Various competitions until independence. However, Lithuanian players always regard themselves as Lithuanians. The “second faith” brings them not only a strong physique and a belief in constant struggle, but also a symbol of national independence.