Rubella is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by rubella virus. The susceptible age is mainly 1 to 5 years old, so the epidemic is more common in preschool children. So how can parents prevent rubella in children? What are the clinical treatments for rubella?
Humans are the only host of rubella virus
Rubella is a contagious viral infection. Rubella virus is spread by air droplets formed by an infected person’s sneezing or coughing, and humans are currently the only known host.
Rubella in children can be divided into congenital rubella and infectious rubella according to different ways of infection.
Infectious rubella: The first 1-2 days of infection with rubella virus have mild clinical symptoms, mainly manifesting as low-grade fever, headache, fatigue, cough, runny nose, sneezing and other mild upper respiratory tract infection symptoms. Some children will be accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea And other symptoms. After 1 to 2 days of fever, a rash will appear on the skin of the face and neck of the patient, and soon other parts will appear one after another. It can cover most of the body’s skin within a day, but usually there is no rash on the palms and feet. The rash is initially a sparse red maculopapular rash, and then the rash on the face and limbs can merge; the rash on the face and limbs can also turn into needle-like red spots, such as scarlet fever-like rash. The rash usually disappears quickly within 3 days, leaving lighter pigmentation; the body temperature will not rise during the rash period, and the sick child will not feel sick and feel that everything is back to normal.
Congenital rubella: Refers to a pregnant woman suffering from rubella during pregnancy. Rubella virus enters the fetus through the placenta and causes fetal infection, making the fetus suffer from rubella after birth. Fetus infected with rubella virus can cause premature delivery, miscarriage, abnormal mental development and abnormal body weight and length after birth.
When your child gets rubella, parents shouldn’t worry too much, as long as they take careful care, the child can recover as soon as possible. Under normal circumstances, symptomatic treatment is the main treatment: patients with more pronounced rubella symptoms should stay in bed and have a liquid or semi-liquid diet; those with encephalitis, high fever, lethargy, coma, and convulsions should be treated according to the principles of Japanese encephalitis; bleeding For severe cases, adrenal cortex hormones can be used for treatment, and fresh whole blood should be transfused if necessary; for sore throat, use compound borax solution to gargle; for itchy skin can be wiped with calamine lotion or oil; for conjunctivitis, use 0.25% oxomycin Solution or 10% sulfonamide acetate solution for several days. It should be noted that rubella usually has symptoms of itching. At this time, do not let the child scratch the affected area with his hands to avoid scars.
Chinese medicine believes that rubella is an evil toxin that enters from the nose and mouth during wind-heat, traps in the lungs, and spreads to the skin. Therefore, the key to the treatment of rubella is to relieve wind and relieve the surface, clear away heat and detoxify. You can cook some winter mulberry porridge for your baby-take 10 grams of winter mulberry leaves and 50 grams of japonica rice. First, add water to decoct the winter mulberry leaves to remove the residue to get the medicinal liquid. Take advantage of the temperature to eat 2 to 3 times a day, until the disease is cured. Mulberry leaves enter the liver and lungs with two bitter meridians, and are harvested after frost from late autumn to early winter. It is deep in the air of cold water. Therefore, it has the characteristics of cold air and can remove heat evil from wind-heat. It can be used to treat wind-heat caused The biggest advantage of various diseases is that it will not harm the delicate organs of young children.
For children with congenital rubella, good care should be taken from their childhood. Parents should work closely with medical staff, nursery staff, and school teachers to observe the growth and development of the child, correct the deformity in time, and use surgery when necessary . In addition to symptomatic treatment, interferon and ribavirin can help alleviate the condition.
Vaccination is the most effective preventive measure
Rubella vaccination is the most convenient, economical and effective way to prevent rubella virus infection in the world. Children of school age who have not been vaccinated should go to the local vaccination clinic as soon as possible. Children of 8 months should receive a dose of measles-rubella combined live attenuated vaccine, and children of 18 months and 6 years of age should receive a dose of measles-epidemic Mumps-rubella combined live attenuated vaccine.
Children (including adults) who have not been vaccinated should go to public places where people gather as little as possible. Pregnant women should avoid contact with rubella patients; children’s clothing should be changed frequently, toys should be regularly disinfected, and the home should be ventilated frequently; if symptoms of fever or rash occur, You should go to the hospital in time; after being diagnosed with rubella, avoid contact with people around you.