The elderly beware of knee synovitis

  Old man Luo, who is more than sixty years old, has always insisted on exercising, running, climbing, and playing basketball every day. He is in good health. However, his knees have been painful, swollen, fever and stiffness recently. He creaks and bounces when he walks. The pain worsens when he goes up and down the stairs. He also struggles to squat and stand. After going to the hospital for related examinations, the doctor diagnosed as “knee synovitis”. Uncle Luo was very disturbed and consulted the doctor: What kind of disease is this, can it be cured?
  What is a knee synovitis
  of the knee known as knee joint synovitis synovitis, or called exudative arthritis of the knee, it is a common aseptic inflammation. The knee joint is the joint with the most synovial membranes in the whole body. It has a heavy load, a lot of exercise, and is the most vulnerable to injury. Therefore, synovitis is more common in the knee joint.
  The synovium is mainly distributed around the joints, communicates with the joint cavity, and secretes lubricating fluid to lubricate the joints. If it is stimulated by various causes (such as bone hyperplasia, arthritis, trauma, etc.) or the synovial membrane is directly damaged, it will cause inflammation, congestion and exudation, and produce effusion, resulting in the failure of normal production and absorption of synovial fluid, which will cause swelling and pain . Strictly speaking, as long as there is effusion in the joints, it means that there is a high possibility of synovitis. Changes in the morphology of the synovial membrane can also invade the cartilage of the knee joint. If it is not treated in time, it will lead to knee osteoarthritis, and there is a great risk of disability.
  Synovitis of the knee pathogenic factors of
  Chinese medicine, mainly because of knee synovitis exogenous all evil, joint injuries, acupuncture points blocked, fluid accumulation caused. Knee synovitis is roughly divided into acute knee synovitis and chronic knee synovitis.
  Acute knee synovitis is mostly caused by a large amount of exercise, or the knee joint is hit, twisted, over-exercised, etc., acute knee joint trauma and various intra-articular injuries, such as meniscus injury, synovial injury, cruciate ligament or lateral A group of syndromes in which collateral ligament injury, knee sprain, dislocation, etc. cause intra-articular fluid or hemorrhage. It usually manifests as knee joint pain, swelling, limited flexion and extension, fear of squatting, limp walking, high local skin temperature, skin tension, or joint puncture with bleeding fluid.
  Chronic knee synovitis is more common in the elderly, mainly due to long-term chronic strain on the synovial membrane of the knee joint. Generally, there is no trauma or the trauma is mild. In addition, long-term exposure to wind, cold, and dampness can cause swelling and dysfunction of the knee joint gradually, resulting in chronic knee synovitis. Patients often feel pain and discomfort in the knees, heavy, sore and weak legs, inconvenience in activities, aggravated by fatigue or cold, and relieved after rest and warmth. Although there is generally no severe pain, the pain is plagued all day long, which seriously endangers physical and mental health and quality of life.
  What are the treatments of knee synovitis
  First conservative treatment. Mild synovitis of the knee joint usually does not require bed rest, but can walk slowly for short distances from time to time to promote blood circulation. If there is a lot of effusion, you should rest properly, raise the affected limb on the bed, and do knee joint functional exercises, which is conducive to the absorption of joint effusion, and exercise the quadriceps femoris at the same time. This is an important and effective treatment measure. Under the guidance of a doctor, you can also use intravenous drip or oral anti-inflammatory drugs to control inflammation, or inject drugs into the joint cavity, or use Chinese patent medicines for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis and topical plasters; if there is a lot of fluid, you can consider pumping fluid with a syringe; there is also acupuncture. Massage, microwave physiotherapy, hot compress, small needle knife and other methods can alleviate the pain symptoms in a relatively short period of time.
  The second is surgical treatment. If the knee joint synovitis is very serious and has no effect after strict conservative treatment, surgery can be considered. Arthroscopic minimally invasive synovial cleaning is usually used in the early stage of the operation. If osteoarthritis and joint deformities are combined, artificial joint replacement surgery can be selected. However, after the operation is cured, the patient generally needs a longer period of time to recover, and may not be able to recover 100% to the original state, and needs to be psychologically prepared.
  Knee synovitis early prevention is particularly important
  traditional Chinese medicine to promote “died has been ill for treating disease,” prevention is better than cure, so early prevention is particularly important knee synovitis.
  Normally, you should take care to exercise regularly and properly, and choose suitable exercise methods according to your physical condition, such as walking, jogging, Tai Chi, swimming, etc., step by step to enhance your physical fitness. The amount of activity should not be too large, and attention should be paid to controlling the rhythm and intensity of the activity, avoiding excessive exercise of the knee joint, and reducing knee flexion and extension activities as much as possible to avoid causing trauma or strain. Should properly strengthen the muscles around the knee joint exercises and ligament flexibility exercises to enhance the flexibility of the knee joint. If you need to do strenuous exercise, you must warm up before exercise, wear knee pads, and protect your knee joints to prevent knee joint injuries.
  It should be noted that the room is sunny, warm, cold and moisture-proof. In particular, pay attention to the cold and warm knee joints, and avoid injuries caused by dampness and cold, fatigue, fatigue, external impact and over-activity. Try not to climb stairs for long and long distances, climb hills, and avoid heavy physical labor, especially avoid excessive squatting or full squatting, and long-term vigorous movement of the knee joint.
  To maintain a normal weight and avoid obesity. People who are too obese must control their weight to reduce the burden on the knee joints. Nutrition should be appropriately increased in the diet, and foods rich in protein, calcium, multiple vitamins, and blood and bones should be selected to enhance disease resistance. Appropriate exercise should be carried out, especially quadriceps should be strengthened to maintain the stability of the knee joint and keep the knee joint healthy. It should be reminded that patients with knee synovitis should eat less milk, goat milk and other milk and peanuts, chocolate, millet, cheese, toffee and other foods that contain a lot of tyrosine, phenylalanine and tryptophan. Because it can produce arthritis mediators, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, tyrosine kinase autoantibodies and anti-milk antibodies, it is easy to cause allergies and cause knee synovitis aggravation or recurrence and deterioration.