Your taste exposed your class status

Taste really can reveal your class status.

The upper class to the main cattle, the lower class to salty, repeatedly simmer stewed low nutritional food.

With the middle class, high cultural capital and economic capital is not high class, such as teachers, bread, dairy products, sugar, non-alcoholic drinks a higher proportion of higher economic capital, cultural capital is not high commercial employers, Bacon, appetizers and pastries, the proportion of high taste.

“Taste” really exposed your class status.

France’s most influential mentor, philosopher and sociologist Bourdieu argued that the modern industrial society is divided into three classes: the dominant class, the middle class and the lower class.

The main difference between each social class is the total amount of capital occupied.

He divides the resources and powers that people can actually use into four categories: economic capital, cultural capital, social capital, and symbolic capital.

Economic capital refers to the production of goods, services, money and material information.

Most of the material forms of capital are economic capital.

Cultural capital refers to cultural goods that are conveyed by educational action, including habits, attitudes, language, style, educational level, style, way of life, and the way people treat people.

Cultural capital can be transformed into a qualification certificate, education diploma and other forms.

Bourdieu argues that there are three forms of cultural capital.

The first: the form of body, associated with their own, such as a person by the education, with the cultivation, knowledge of the acquisition.

The accumulation of such cultural capital requires personal input, such as the time of investment, learning diligence, etc., “ten years of cold window bitter” is the best expression of cultural capital accumulation.

The second: the performance of cultural goods or cultural goods.

Such as painting, tools, machines and so on.

It is connected with the economic capital, can be passed, presented to others.

The third: cultural capital is institutionalized form, this cultural capital is the system, institutional arrangements, such as school education, such as education, qualification certificate procedures and so on.

Social capital refers to a lasting network of interpersonal relationships owned by a person.

This network of acquaintances is a real or potential resource, and everyone familiar with each other in the network can mobilize that resource.

Symbolic capital is also called symbolic capital, refers to the use of symbols to occupy the different forms of the other three kinds of capital legalization.

The following figure is a detailed outline of the dominant class, middle class and lower class status:

The first dimension is the amount of capital and the total amount of capital.

Bourdieu often use the vertical coordinates of the total amount of capital, the highest in the top of the capital often refers to the high, which is not only the status of different class differences, but also can be a way of life, life status , Even the diet, food, clothing, music appreciation have produced a social space.

The second dimension is the composition of capital.

Bourdieu often uses abscissa to represent different aspects of capital types.

Even the same class of people, their possession of various types of capital is not the same, some groups of cultural capital higher, lower economic capital, while others are the opposite.

Bourdieu often uses the left quadrant to represent the cultural capital of the high economic capital of the lower group or the way of life, with the right quadrant that the economic capital is high and the cultural capital of the lower group or the way of life.

The third dimension is the change of the first two in the time dimension.

Can be used in the social space has occurred and has not yet occurred in the track show.

On the one hand, he is more to use intergenerational relations to express the third dimension, such as the impact of family background;

On the other hand, he used the position to rise, stagnate or fall to show this diachronic dimension.

The following figure is Bourdieu ‘s sociology “montage”, showing his understanding of the social space in the class structure, from the way of life, life characteristics, life taste, life content and other aspects of the class to make a distinction between the nuances.

The first dimension and the second dimension are displayed on the abscissa and the ordinate.

The third dimension refers to the three trends of ascending, stagnation and descent.

How to judge a class status is rising or falling it?

Bourdieu According to a certain period of time a career of employment figures rise and fall to judge.

If the number of employed persons increases by more than 25%, the occupation is considered to be on an uptrend, and if the number is less than 25%, it is defined as a stagnant state, indicated by horizontal arrows.

Bourdieu also believes that taste is a symbol of the class and signs.

The taste of the upper class is different from that of the lower class, and the ruling class belongs to the “free and extravagant taste”, which is characterized by a direct material requirement and a simple art form.

The ruling class has a legal taste, manifested in music, painting, literary works in all its aspects.

There are two branches of the dominant class, representing the two extremes of the dominant position, one for the representatives of the intellectuals, one is represented by the business owners;

Bourdieu called the taste of the intellectuals “the taste of the left bank”, the taste of the industrial and commercial owners called “right bank taste”, the former like modern, contemporary works, which prefer classical, sacred works.




In contrast to the upper class, the petty bourgeoisie, the petty bourgeoisie, the craftsmen, the small businessmen, whose status is based on the possession of some economic capital, they occupy little cultural capital, cultural taste is not high.

In contrast to the bourgeoisie’s comfort, self-confidence, elegance, and freedom, the petty bourgeoisie is unnatural, bound, resigned and passive.

Of course, there are differences within the petty bourgeoisie, the so-called new petty bourgeoisie – cultural media workers and social medical workers, is rich in cultural capital, their taste and small businessmen are different.

The working class “popular taste” emphasizes direct economic necessity and material needs because they have the pressure of economic life, pay attention to reality, simple, despise decadent art form, more materialized interactive way, closer, do not care about each other Close, outspoken, do not pay attention to etiquette.

This difference is also reflected in the diet.

As mentioned above, the vertical axis represents the total amount of capital, the upper and lower low, the abscissa indicates the capital type, the left is the high cultural capital and low economic capital diet, the right is the high economic capital and low cultural capital diet.
It can be seen, the high total capital of the upper class, the diet on the beef, fish-based, and the lowest total capital of the lower class to eat are those salty and fat, taste heavy, simmer stew low-nutritious food.

The same is the upper and middle class, there are differences in the performance of the abscissa is that the cultural capital and economic capital is not high class, such as teachers, their diet bread, dairy products, sugar, non-alcoholic drinks a higher proportion.

And those with high economic capital, cultural capital is not high commercial employers in the diet, wine, bacon, appetizers, pastry, the proportion of food is higher.

At the same time, the difference in eating habits is also reflected in the cooking time.

The manual workers spend most of their time cooking, and the other classes are much less.

Different classes of different dietary structure, but also reflects the different classes on the body, the concept of body is not the same.

For the working class of men, they pay more attention to strength rather than physical, so they choose cheap and nutritious food.

And professional and technical personnel tend to be light, is conducive to health, not fat food.

Taste really can reveal your class status.

Extension: upper society people holding people, the lower society people step on (depth)

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Any one society, the development to a certain extent will be layered. What I want to discuss with you today is: What is the fundamental difference between different levels of society? Is it an order of wealth?
 
No, it’s a more subtle thing.
 
I divided the society into three levels, the upper, the middle, the lower:

1, the upper class

The upper echelon is composed of big entrepreneurs, politicians, investors, rich second generation, stars, celebrities, etc. The biggest feature of this group is that people are good at marriage and join hands, for example, we often see such news: The entrepreneur married a star; a star got a primitive stock of a business; a rich second generation with a net red together and so on;
 
Why the upper class of people always hold each other?
 
In the upper society, the first person is scarce, and then all of us fame outside, basically heard between each other, if you want to know who went to inquire about what the results are all clear, so everyone attaches great importance to their own The fame.
 
Second, everyone in the upper society has a lot of resources, we all understand the truth: to have their own resources to change the hands of others in the hands of resources, so that the resources can be revitalized, their control of things more and more , So the upper class people are happy to share.
 
Again, although the upper class of social exchanges are basically belong to the interests of exchange, cooperation is conditional, but because everyone has a certain background and strength, so we formed a mechanism of mutual checks and balances, under normal circumstances Few people are willing to make “out”, “take big risk” thing, who will account for others to lose their own hard to lay the country?
 
So, although in the upper society between people and ultimately, false and false rifle, but at least seemingly “you respect me a foot, I respect you ten feet.” If one day two people to the edge of the non-turn, it will not personally come forward to solve. In short, the upper class of people always try to maintain a style.

 
2, middle society
 
Middle-level society is composed of executives, white-collar workers, entrepreneurs, small business owners, freelancers, etc. groups, this group should have enjoyed a comfortable life, but we generally anxiety. On the one hand high on the price, the impact of the huge Internet so that they do not have a sense of security, on the other hand real estate rich, the Internet makes wealth and so the wave of wealth and let everyone around the corner, so the biggest feature of this group is waiting for help.
 
Why are middle classes equal to each other?

First of all, the middle class of people to change the fate of the best way is to start, almost everyone has a business plan, but entrepreneurship is a certain risk, and their living burden (such as mortgage, living expenses, health reserve ) And so on, which makes it difficult for them to lightly battle, so everyone is waiting for a faster, more appropriate, more secure opportunity.
 
Second, entrepreneurship needs to find the right partner and partner. But in fact, the middle-class society, the most lack of people is the trust, which is mainly due to the traditional business of the extensive and bottomless competition led to the results, the final heart to the back, everyone is at risk. In fact, the middle class has a lot of talent and potential people, but we always can not open arms embrace each other;
 
Therefore, the middle society is the most embarrassing class, they can be on, but to face the pressure, risk and suspicion,
They are also eager to change and create, but it seems to have been waiting for the opportunity to attack, but how can the world specifically tailored to us the opportunity and people?

 
3, the lower society

People in the lower class, I do not want to use the profession to divide, it will be considered discrimination. I think the lower society mainly refers to those who do not have the means of production, only rely on the labor to sell their livelihood, they live in the cracks. They often do not have culture, do not care about dignity, let alone self-confidence. What is more important is that they tend to be ruthless, preoccupied with each other.
 
Why are the lower classes stepping on each other?

First of all, before 2000, the tube on the “constant constant who have perseverance,” this sentence is not just talk about it. A person must have a certain wealth and assets to have their own principles and positions. When a person is alive for the mixed food to eat, exhausted all day, often also wandering in the grid, crime, and the edge of life.
 
Secondly, they are always comparisons and precautions, always afraid of others than their own good. They do not worry about those who have nothing to do with their own success, but always concerned about their own people succeed, which makes them germination jealousy.
 
Even, they will secretly calculate you. You are in the clear, he is dark, they will provoke you not happy for fun. What about the poor? Everybody is a vulnerable group and should help each other.

This is one of the most fundamental differences between the upper, middle and the next three societies:
 
People in the upper class, everyone is staring at each other’s strengths;
 
Middle society people, everyone is waiting for the benefits of others;
 
People in the lower class, everyone is waiting for someone else’s joke.