Do you really have knowledge?
In reality, we see four situations of concern:
In the first case, is it the difference between the heart and the discrimination?
We often hear people say “like this, don’t like this”. This is a separate heart, not that you have discernment. Discerning people will not simply say that they like and dislike, because when you really recognize the value, you will overcome yourself. If you don’t have this discernment, you will have a difference, you may do too much. Separately, there is not enough discrimination.
The second situation is self-limitation or lack of cognition?
“I can’t do this thing.” Many students ask me why I can write 3000 words every night, which is very difficult. I said to him: You start by writing 3 words every night and writing 30 words. Slowly you will write 300 words and 3000 words. This is not something that can be written, but does not have a very serious understanding of self-limitation and cognition. There is no real reason for understanding this matter.
In the third case, is the world changing fast, or is it not changed?
People who are familiar with me know that I didn’t participate in too many activities during the Weibo era. Later I found out that if I didn’t move, I would be eliminated. So in the WeChat era, I started to move. If I want to pay for knowledge, I will hurry up. The main reason is not whether I can go up, the world changes quickly and slowly, but in my own change and change, fast and slow. .
The fourth situation is caused by inertia, or is it impossible to cope?
Most people think that it is difficult for us to cope with the era of information fusion and constant iteration of things. In fact, your inertia makes you unable to cope. Unless I am in class, I am not the kind of person who likes to use video to communicate with you, but I have done it. Someone asked me what is professional? As you continue to struggle with your own inertia and habits, you can become a very professional person.
You may have more angles and conflicts to talk about the difficulties of having knowledge. These four points are the difficulties I face, why do they become difficult? I think this is related to a core question: Do you have knowledge?
If you have knowledge, you have discernment and no longer have a difference. Knowing the boundaries of self can be broken, any change is an opportunity, and more importantly, knowing that all experiences are taken away, you will see a better world, which is the solution I have found.
Clarify concepts: data, information, knowledge
If we want to solve this problem, we need to really know whether we have knowledge or not? The three concepts of data, information, and knowledge should be clearly defined. In the era of big data and information, we are more likely to confuse these three concepts. I have visited many companies, and many people say that we have big data. We have to do digital transformation and become a data company. I think these truths are correct, but I will ask, what do you want to do with the data? They can hardly answer them.
1. Data – Data is raw numbers and facts. We are confused because we don’t know the boundaries of knowledge. Data is defined as raw information and knowledge, and data can be used from different perspectives. I used to go to a county-level city in Shandong. The leaders told me that this is the highest level of GDP in the county-level cities in China. I asked him, what is the total population? He does not speak, he should be the country’s county-level city with the largest population. In other words, per capita GDP is not so high in the county-level cities across the country, so the maximum GDP is meaningless.
The next day I went to another city. The leaders told me that they had the highest per capita GDP in the second-class cities. I asked what is the total population? He said 400,000, I said that the total amount of GDP must not be high. If the data is not processed, the data will not help us make any decision. If we take this data to make a decision, we will harm ourselves. We have to rise to a new level: information.
2. Information – processed data. I went to a company. They said that they are the first in the industry. I will ask him how long the first position has been? He said it was 12 years, and I went on to say, then do you grow? He said that there has been no growth in the past five years. I said that what is the use of this definition? Why transition from data to information? There is no way to make value judgments without processed data. The processed information can be judged by value? not yet. I have to take another step. This step is knowledge.
3. Knowledge – the information that has been identified. Knowledge is generated after the information has been processed. When I understand a city’s GDP, I need to understand its industrial structure before I can make a value judgment for the economy as a whole. Finally, I have the knowledge of the city and can help the city make choices.
Whether you have knowledge or not, you need to do three things: find the real source, do the processing and processing, and identify it. You can only discuss and possess knowledge if you have gone through this process.
Be sure to have your personal information
For the people of this era, the biggest challenge is to effectively distinguish between information and knowledge. The key to effective differentiation of information and knowledge: Be sure to have your personal information. And this information is related to facts, procedures, concepts, explanations, thoughts, observations, and judgments.
Many times, when I communicate with people, they always refer to other people’s things as their own understanding. In fact, this has not really mastered the knowledge. Without internalization into personal information, there is no precondition for mastering knowledge.
It is not easy for a person to have real knowledge. Through technology and the Internet, you can master a lot of data and less information than data, but if you do not internalize into personal information and processing, I will think that you are a knowledge. Especially scarce people. In the age of knowledge, we are lacking in knowledge and it is terrible.
Knowledge goes one step further, is a smart individual
I want to give you a concept: the knowledge flow chain. How to process data into information, then add your own recognition and judgment, become action, get feedback, and finally form wisdom.
The relationship between data, information and knowledge can be seen with this picture. The data you get in the objective world, as long as you like, you can work hard to process information, enter your brain through your processing, and then become a personalized part, belong to you, and then guide you through formal combinations. Behavior, you will become a wise individual.
Let’s look at a case: On the morning of December 26, 2006, a 10-year-old British girl, Tilly Smith, who is walking on Phuket Beach, “suddenly saw the sea water bubbling, the foam buzzing like a frying pan The sea is coming, but it is no longer retreating,” she recognized as a sign that the tsunami is coming soon, and warned people that she saved about 100 people on a beach in Thailand. .
Tilly Smith is a human being with knowledge. She recognizes the tsunami coming and warns, which is a very good interpretation of the wisdom of human individuals. This can be a complete understanding of “owning knowledge.”
Seeing and doing together, reviewing landscapes
I want to introduce you to a person and a book: Huai Hai Te’s “The Purpose of Education”. He has a point of view that affects me deeply, that is, the three-stage theory of intellectual development. One person must develop three intellectual developments. Stage: romantic stage, precise stage and comprehensive application stage.
The romantic stage of intellectual development: intuitively gain an understanding of the world without analyzing it, just imagine it.
The precise stage of intellectual development: After growing up, it must be precise, and all accepted information should be able to handle it. This time focuses on the analysis and correct explanation of the information.
The comprehensive application stage of intellectual development: You learned the knowledge through the previous study, but you have not completed the development of your own intelligence, but need to be able to comprehensively apply the first two stages, and then return to the first stage, that is, the things Romantic cognitive stage.
That is: First, look at the mountains is not the mountains, see the water is not water; next, look at the mountains is the mountains, see the water is the water; finally, it is to see the mountains are not mountains, see the water is not water.
Really possessing “knowledge”: It is valuable after being understood and digested and proven by practice. It is you who understand everything and understand it, and then you apply it, after being verified by practice and integrated, it is valuable. If all the data and information you have is not available, and you can’t verify the value through practice, then you don’t have knowledge.