The Russian maxim

Our land is vast and fertile, but it lacks order.

This sentence comes from the chronicle of previous years, a general chronicle of the 12th century. According to this chronicle, many tribes lived on the land at that time, and they paid tribute to the Varyag ( Scandinavians ). Later they drove out the Varyags and tried to manage themselves, but they always quarreled. In order to stop the fighting, they decided to find a maharaja from the outside, so they sent messengers to the Varyag and brought the following words: ” Our land is vast and fertile, but it lacks order. Please be a maharaja and rule over us.

Ryurik responded to the proposal and became the founder of Russia’s first dynasty, the Leric Dynasty. By the second half of the 19th century, this phrase began to be used as a satire, meaning that despite Russia’s vast territory and rich natural resources, no one has ever been able to establish a normal order of life here.

Russia cannot be understood with reason.

This is the first line of a philosophical poem written by poet fyodor Chettchev in 1866: Russia cannot be understood by reason, she cannot be measured by scale: Russia has a unique temperament – only faith in her. With the passage of time, the phrase ” Russia cannot be understood with reason” is used to explain any unexpected things done by Russia or Russians, no matter how they are evaluated.

Russia has two allies: the army and the navy.

Alexander III is considered the author of this maxim. He likes to say to his ministers: ” In the world, we have only two loyal allies: our army and navy. All the others will arm themselves against us whenever they have the chance. ”

Whoever comes with a sword will die by it.

In 1938, Sergei Eisenstein’s film ” alexander nevsky” was released. Near the end of the film, nevsky said, ” go tell all the foreigners that Ross is still here. Please don’t be afraid of them. Welcome to visit us. But if anyone comes with a sword, he will die by the sword. This is why Ross’s land exists and will continue to exist. ”

In fact, nevsky never said such a thing. According to the original version, alexander nevsky should die at the end of the film. But Stalin wanted to end the movie before that after seeing it. He said: ” Such a good maharaja will not die!” Immediately after the movie was released, several articles compared nevsky’s words with Stalin’s speech at the 17th party congress in 1934. He said this: ” Those who hope for peace and are willing to establish pragmatic relations with us can always get our support. Those who try to invade our country will be met with devastating counterattacks … ”

Russia is vast, but we have no retreat. Behind him is Moscow.

It is said that this sentence was said by political instructor Vassili Klochkov. In November 1941, 28 soldiers who led the panfilov Division in a bloody battle destroyed 14 tanks of the enemy, all of whom were killed in the end. The exploits of panfilov’s soldiers are widely known in the Soviet Union because of a report in Red Star.

Poet nikolai tikhonov wrote a long poem ” 28 Guards Soldiers” in 1942, in which he repeated the words of the political instructor many times in poetic style: Russia is vast, but we have no retreat. Behind him is Moscow! Afterwards, it was proved that these words were fabricated by the newspaper editors, but they had already been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.

Russia has two great misfortunes: roads and fools.

This is probably the most popular maxim in Russia, and the debate about its author has been going on for a long time. People often write it down in Nicholas Gogol’s name. This maxim first appeared in a monologue by Mikhail Zadornov, a satirist during the Soviet Union reform: ” Nikolai vasilyevich Gogol wrote:” Russia has two great misfortunes: roads and fools. ” This enviable permanence has been maintained to this day. “