Why is the novel of this British female writer fascinating?

In the summer of 2013, go to Winchester, the iconic attraction of the small town is the cathedral. From the travel brochure, it was built in 648 in the Anglo-Saxon dynasty era, and expanded and expanded during the three years from 1079 to 1404. It became the deepest church in the UK, which we witnessed today. It can be seen that the years are stable and the world is quiet. On the other hand, there are few big incidents. The famous record is about the female writer Jane Austen. In this year, the tombstones are inscribed on the north side of the church corridor. The main hall is a glimpse of the exhibition of the life of a female writer. At the age of forty-two, the life of a glimpse of a glimpse of a glimpse of life, all in the text, left in the fiction, the actual personnel is quite limited, so the exhibition is simple. In addition, there is the movie “Da Vinci Code”, which is also included in the history of the cathedral. The high seat on both sides of the pulpit, bearing the various family logos, is obviously a special seat for the family. Underneath, the left wing area, separated by a fence, women’s seats. It seems that the class should be medium, that is, not obvious, and it is not the civilian congregation facing the forum. There is a wooden sign on the fence, indicating that there is a special line in the text. It is written that there is a female writer in the seat, the name CHARLOTTE YONGE, and the author of “Jane Love”, the last name is rare, I do not know Where is the origin. The female writers introduced in China have a long list of names. I can’t find this name. This is foreseeable. The understanding of other countries is mostly from the mainstream, and the derived branches are endless, and may never enter the history of literature. It is also true that British female writers are everywhere, and they are attracting worldwide attention.

From this occupant’s seat, it is speculated that it is about the same age as Jane Austen and the Bronte sisters. Unlike the small citizens’ daughters who make a living, they also enter the social circle. They live in secluded villages, the meager property is not enough to provide dowry, the chances of marriage are almost no, the future that can be imagined is the family of the elder brother, they are the legal heirs. In English novels, there is often a “aunt”, which is a portrayal of fate! Writing, about the same as female red, kills the time in the pavilion, the latter is more to subsidize the family, the former is not allowed, but do not have some fun. The wit of making words, the mischief of the portraits of the people around them, and the freedom to imagine life – that is never possible. They have received a certain education, and there will be a library in the house where they will be cold. This is the difference between “countryman” and “city man”. The “countryman” in Britain is almost similar to the concept of the manor. It has its origins. Unlike the “people in the city”, the red strips come and go. In Agatha Christie’s “Nile River Massacre”, Simon, a “countryman”, came to London after the family fell, and became a white-collar worker. “He likes the country, likes the country.” So he designed a World famous murder. In the old house in the country, there are accumulated old furniture left by generations, old silverware, portraits of ancestors, letters, books… The daughter of Chunyu is the most enthusiastic, perhaps a novel. Just like the embroidered pattern, the novel provides a transcript for imagination.

In Emily Bronte’s “Wuthering Heights”, Isabella ran away with Hicksley, as if intercepted from Shakespeare’s “The Taming of the Tam”, and Peter Truj brought the bride Catherine to take home; One hundred years later, Daphne Dumulier “Jamaica Inn”, the orphan woman went to the aunt, staying at night, and the scene reappeared. Gloomy old house, air foot sounds, hiding past events, is about the basic elements of romantic novels. Mrs. Ann Radcliffe of the 18th century, known as the representative of Gothic novels, I only read only two of her novels, “The Mystery of Odov” and “Italian”, all have a travel mode, “Italian In the book, the only son of the Marquis, Vincentin Vivaldi, with his servant Polo pursues his lover, reminiscent of the Don Quixote and the attendant Sancho travel in Spain. It is a narrative tradition from a larger territory, the knight literature of medieval Europe.

The history of Europe is somewhat like the Chinese Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. Countless princes and small countries must be separated for a long time, and they must be separated for a long time. Therefore, civilizations are intertwined. Under the Gothic architecture, the female teacher who was born poor but self-respecting finally restrained the marriage of the giants. It should be the legacy of Jane Austen, “Pride and Prejudice”. The male and female masters always start with confrontation and slap in the face. Do not give each other, and then, turn it into a jade. However, except for Wuthering Heights, the character’s character fate exceeds the social reality and is handed over to the natural ruling. Virginia Woolf compared Jane Eyre with Wuthering Heights, thinking that her sister is only a universal relationship, and her sister is a contest between heaven and earth. This interpretation may mean that the secular personality of the novel will be separated. To modernism. In short, no matter what kind of reason, narrative activities are prevalent in England, writing and listening are passionate, women and accounting for a considerable proportion, not just quantity, but also temperament.

In the long list of women writers, there is a Victorian Horde, born in 1906, died in 1993, and Agatha Christie, who died in 1890 and died in 1976, is a contemporary. From the writing scale, Horter is not inferior to Christie. The prestige of the prime year is also comparable. I know it later, until I recently lived at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, I saw the Taipei Crown in the 1980s. In the essay, each book breaks down into a loose page, and you know how many hands are turned over. The first book, “The Thousand Lights House”, has a beautiful color in the title. It is an orphan girl as usual. As usual, it is a big house, an unpredictable master, a strange sign, true and false, and confusing, but the plot goes out of England. Going to Hong Kong, there is a thousand light house surrounded by dreams. Half of the story of Horta continued in a foreign country, or Australia, or Asia, the South Pacific, showing the rapid expansion of overseas colonies. The author was born in the Queen of Victoria, and it was the golden age of Christie’s Ms. Maple who was chanting from time to time.

Another Daphne Du Murière, born and died in 1907 and 1989, is the same as Victoria Hall, almost through the beginning and end of the 20th century – how brilliant, her novel “Lubeka” adapted film “Butterfly” Dream, popular in China in the 1980s and the 1980s when the mind was lifted. The mandala manor of Lubeka’s big mansion, the last fire, is a harbinger, indicating that romance is free from shackles. For female writers, it means going out of the shack and gaining greater spiritual freedom. However, the changes and updates of the story elements did not disintegrate the model of this novel. On the contrary, the structure became more complete and solid. That is because, from the occurrence to the development of this model, it is subject to the characteristics of the time of the narrative. EM Forster’s 1927 lecture set “Fictional Aspects”, the definition of the novel is “story”, a British novelist and critic, who has a say in local novels. Foster, a male writer, emphasizes the urgency of the story. For example, a woman, Shan Ruzod of “A Thousand and One Nights”, may indicate that women are more fascinated by stories than men. The simulation of the story to life makes imagination become authentic, and women are mostly interested in everyday specific things.

Once there, from Manchester Railway Station, step into the country and walk along the canal. A large area of ​​farmland along the way, planted about pasture, separated by houses and granaries, all have years, doors and windows are closed, the horses are hovering with reins, and the ground slabs are covered with moss. At five kilometers, I came to a tiny street town called LYMM, which is about the size of the people’s commune in China’s planned economy era. From the center of the week, the shops, restaurants, lounges, post offices, and churches are mostly locals, enjoying the sun designated by God. This is the case in the village of St. Mary’s, where Ms. Maple of Agatha Christie lives. At that time, there were people living in the house and spontaneous social activities. In the living room of Miss Marple, the “Tuesday Club” was called. The guests took turns telling an anecdote. Sometimes, the “club” moved to the oldest Gosington house in the village, which was a “murderous house” and there were two murders…

Mr. Zhu Hong’s “The Golden Age of English Novels” depicts “The Victorian era is an era of reading novels”, and then explains the cause: “At that time, the city developed rapidly, the public’s cultural level generally improved, printing innovation, publishing costs reduced, books The museum is spread all over the town… In short, the conditions are ripe, and the public must read the novel.” The Queen Victoria was in China during the second year of Guangxu to the 27th year of the Republic of China. The situation in the two places is quite similar. Fan Yanqiao’s History of the Old School Novels of the Republic of China, Written: “This novel presented a very prosperous scene in the early years of the Republic of China.” “This kind of novel” refers to “old-fashioned novels”. The intellectuals of the New Culture Movement called it “The Butterfly School” – the Chinese translation of the “Lubekka” movie “Butterfly Dream” is not certain. The article analyzes the reasons, including: “The printing business, the transportation industry is increasingly developed, the distribution network is expanding, the publishers are easy to maintain, and the books are springing up.” This background is very similar to that of the UK; and, “Social comfort has changed the view of the novel, The views on the authors of the novels have also changed. “It is China’s national conditions. The novels are contrary to the literati’s Qing products. They belong to the market and the small people like it. The society has opened up the concept of narrowness. “The public’s cultural level has generally improved.” In fact, it is the fruit of democracy and affirmation. Unfortunately, it is obscured by the radical politics of enlightenment, which can only be self-destructive in the condemnation of the new literary movement. The last item in Mr. Fan Yanqiao’s summary is still meaning, that is, “the rise of translated novels”. The Sino-British “Nanjing Treaty” was signed, five were opened for trade, the British Concession was demarcated, and the diaspora entered the country. The British novels came into being, especially the “concentration of old-fashioned novels” in Shanghai. I think Zhang Ailing likes Jane Austen, and I heard that Mr. Zong Yi’s graduation thesis was done by Hardy. The former claimed to love the butterfly school. In fact, the butterfly does not satisfy her life value, or it must take the nourishment of Western scientific progress. In the article “Talking about Reading”, the word “three bottoms” is called SENTIMENTAL. It can be seen as a glimpse; the latter is an academic novelist, belonging to Virginia Woolf, tending to modernism. It seems that thousands of rivers and rivers return to the sea, and the mainstream is pure and pure literature. On the other hand, retrospectives, the old-fashioned novels whispered, and perhaps interrupted the narrative experiment on the other side. The hedonism in reading is banned by a serious ideological mission. We have not yet formed a paradigm of type fiction. Is it related to this?

EM Forster commented Daphne Du Murière, saying that no one in the British novelist can be like her, “breaking the boundaries between popular fiction and pure literature”, this award means in their era, the mid-twentieth century The narrative activities have clearly defined the division, and will go further and further until the partition. “Popular novels”, the British called CHEAP NOVEL, literal translation should be a vulgar novel, expelled from the intellectual evaluation system. I remember that when Watanabe’s “The Lost Paradise” became popular, Japanese writers denied that they had read it. The Chinese translators of “The Bridges of Madison County” concealed their real names. At the same time, “pure literature” abandons the original elements of the story, and enjoys the body and mind. It is the ancient narrator, and Shan Ruzod relies on the basic principles of life.

Similar to all modernity, music is hard to read, painting is unsightly, and novels, hardships and obstacles are all instinctive challenges to the senses. How much is also a surplus of ideas, which in turn exacerbates material scarcity and stretches, and art is extracting resources from second-hand, even third- and fourth-hand life. Things go through the cycle, that is, the next round, similar to what the Chinese said, “there is another village in the dark and the flowers,” and the British story has surfaced again.

“Century Wenjing” is a new translation of Sarah Waters’ novel, Victoria’s trilogy of “Light velvet”, “The Deeds”, “The Fingers”, and “The Vigil”, “Little Stranger”, “The Guest” Six books. About this Sarah Waters, the message is limited, born in 1966, and died in 1976, Agatha Christie, 10 years of end-to-end, died in 1989, Daphne Du Muliere 23 years, Victoria In particular, there are 27 years at the same time. The information also shows that she is a Welshman, Wales is far from the British Centre in London, a little southwest, the mountains are rugged, the traffic is blocked, on the one hand to maintain the local tradition, on the other hand, it is inevitable. In my narrow experience, it seems that I have not been exposed to famous literary figures. There is a editor-in-chief of Mr. Yu Shijing, a “Contemporary English Novel” published in 1998, a “Welsh writer” section, which lists countless names, two female writers, Kate Roberts and Alice Ellis. It is the predecessor township party of Sarah Waters. Apart from the place of birth, there are several honor records. The interesting one is the last sentence: “The literary critics call it the “most telling writer among the living English writers today.” “It sounds like “telling stories” People are already dead, this is the only remaining one.

Sarah Waters’s novels are really beautiful, and today they are rarely read. Selling wells like Dan Brown, the story derails from the logic of reality, beyond consensus and empathy, closer to the game, just like Harry Potter’s magic school, far from providing life imagination. The novel boomed in the Victorian era and quickly spread in Shanghai, a modern Chinese city. The vacancies of life were all due to the rise of the civic class. The small citizens were the mainstream of the novel readers and determined the market character of the novel. Shakespeare’s plays are mostly the custom of court life. The King Lear can be transformed into a legacy inheritance case in any era. If Hamlet is not philosophized and historical, it is also a family ethic story; Othello More common in the normal state of life, by Zhang Ailing to speak the words of Tang Minghuang Yang Guifei, you can get “Ben Bing News.” London Shakespeare’s spherical theater is mostly a caravan in the analog market, about the same as the old Beijing flyover. Pushing forward for another two hundred years, Geoffrey Chaucer’s “Canterbury Story”, on the way to the pilgrimage, the fellow initiates gathered together, in order to the social class, “Knight” took the lead, followed by “following” and “following the class” Dean, then “businessman”, “scholar”, “lawyer”, “small landlord”, then a group of “free people with assets”: “clothing merchants”, “carpenters”, “weavers”, “dyeing masters”, “woven carpets “There is a “chef”, “sailor”, “doctor” who eats by skill, and a “Passer woman” – a woman’s manners, a vast knowledge, a rich history, and a weaving craft name from Belgium, France and Spain. The line is very Renaissance! When the sun goes down, walk into the inn, how can you spend a long night? Taking turns to tell stories, regardless of the rich and the poor, will be decided by lot. The pilgrimages from all sides have a hearsay. Unlike our “Liao Zhai”, Pu Songling collects the legend of the countryside, and Qiao Wei is a gossip. When the story of the main story of the mill is recorded, he specifically explains: “If he speaks very well Rough and sloppy, I only have to repeat very rough and very sloppy.” It was Chadian’s turn to read a long poem, but was interrupted by the owner of the hotel: “Don’t you see that all of us are sad because of this poem? It’s so absurd, so boring! “Requires direct storytelling. The tragedy of the monk’s palace was also interrupted by the knight: “I want to say that it is better to be happy, for example, who has made a night out, and there are women who are prosperous all the time, or what the king is a big rogue, and finally Under the inspiration of God, it became the hero of the people.” So, the priest of the nuns told his story – “The Rooster and the Hens Peet’s Biography”… All the frivolous jokes of the blasphemy are finished. , the director of the parish came The preaching of repentance, as the final story, is actually a list of common things in the world. Chaucer’s remarks: “Please forgive me for this arrogance and self-sufficiency”, to confess the bad guys, but the attitude is playful, just like the gags of the clowns in the caravan performance. Probably this is the originality of the story, copying everyday people and things.

Sarah Waters’ novels are good here. There are no supernatural elements, follow the logic of reality, but they are not universal reality, but individual, special, and anticipating. The history of literature belongs to the “romantic history”. The reality. Some ancient factors lurk in the new story of the 21st century, echoing the past reading experience, as if genetic coding, at the beginning of life, has decided the form. Romance can be said to be the first occurrence of reading, with sensory desires, just like the owner of the hotel asked Chaucer to come up with a better story to “please” everyone, also described by EW Foster, Shan Ruzo Desheng hanging a line The “risk of this profession”, it must control the body of the audience, not the material “body” of the “body writing” that once prevailed, on the contrary, it is non-material versus matter.

The heredity of the story hidden in our body is in a state of stagnation, and once it meets the opportunity, it becomes active. Opening the novels of Sarah Waters, from time to time, like old, and as if they were met, they came face to face. Not the plot, but the context, which is the type. The large house in the distance is in the water of Sarah Waters. The premise is that time is pushing far. In “Little Strange”, the story begins after the Second World War and ends in the Second World War. In the specific era, from the opening of the two girls to the St. George’s Grand Theater to see the “fog orphans” calculation, always in the 1940s, the drama was published in 1938 according to the changed Dickens novel “Oliver Reutte” Years, the spread of grace and the time of the performance, is the remnant of Victoria’s golden age before and after the Second World War. The big house is mostly dying, the people are weak, and the family is weak. The “houser” is about the same period, the regency architectural style of the mansion. Has been forced to rent a tenant, staying in a modern character, a life insurance assessor from the market; “Light velvet”, white villa in the center of St. John’s Wood Square, London, spacious front door, high glass windows, lobby paving With pink and black marble, the steps such as the spirals in the shells spiral up, and the rose red on the walls gradually deepens – as if it were a contemporary art museum, but also like a high The place of love, from the perspective of riches, is about the beginning of the 20th century; the time of the “Deed of the Spirit” is most certain, because it is in the form of a diary. From the beginning of August 3, 1873, the light of the Crystal Palace can be seen by the window. This is a clue, about the old man or the new rich in the rich man district of southeast London. In the end, he hired a servant at home, but not as loyal as Shihei’s “Long Day Remains”, he can quit at any time. In any case, the lady of this family does not have to do the housework like the one in The Tenant, but she has to be free and involved in charity. The female characters here are also older and unmarried. The reason for removing dowry and socializing is more likely to be due to certain choices, that is, abnormal sexual orientation.

Sexual orientation is the most distinctive and modern feature of Sarah Waters’s story. It expands the traditional value system and promotes the productivity of the plot. The human storytelling activity lasted for such a long time, according to the preface of the Irish Literature Museum: Ireland has a tradition of telling stories for six hundred years; with “One Thousand and One Nights”, it can be pushed to the 8th century AD; The Book of God begins with 1,600 years; the Greek mythology is that BC, the printing and media industries accelerated their throughput, and they can’t make ends meet. History has entered modern times, and the concept has proliferated. There is no open source, but it is over-exploited and consumed. Because the story comes from life, life is essentially repetitive, which is close to the type novel. Sarah Waters’s homosexual relationship, deductive to the end, is still the old saying: “A happy life from now on” can be said to be the basic mode of the story, the change is the content of the process.

In Sarah Waters’s “Flying Velvet”, we can see the contours of Dickens’s “Great Future”, and also leave the simple towns, go to the big cities, people, and traps, after sinking and struggling. Return to true love. The lover of “The Tenant” is in a more serious situation. Class, ethics, morality, values, and crisis of trust can be said to be heavily isolated. There is also a corpse in the middle. The shadow of Lubeka is swaying. “Happy life” has the grace of realism. The ending of “The Spiritual Deeds” is a cut-off, there is no “happy life”, but the loss of my love, is a sentimental drama in the history of romance. The beautiful little psychic, reminiscent of the recipient of Wilde’s “Prison Book”, Douglas, frivolous, thin, and scheming. Of course, the image in the text may not be true. We are talking about it as a certain type. . This story of the Whitening Party is the mainstream theme of the old Chinese novels, such as the “Xiepu Chao” of the dreamer at sea, and the “Deeds of the Spirit”. The story was arranged between 1872 and 1874. It was the craze for the study of super-sensation in Britain. The lingering spiritual media suddenly exposed the broad daylight and became the specimen of the experiment. This is the weather of academic freedom in the Victorian era. The research activity ended in the field of evidence, but it was harvested in literary writing. The American writer Henry James published “The Screw is Tightening” in 1898, Alice Monroe, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature two thousand years later, and the short story “Fa Li”, which is similar in structure to the “Deed of the Spirit”, but the position of the character In turn, the psychic media is an infatuated person who is willing to be sent to a mental hospital and tamed to accept the fate. Therefore, the model has a variant, and it is deeply rooted in the field of serious literature.

The Spiritual Deed is still carried out in the narrative tradition of romance. The Gothic house was replaced by the 19th century Milbank prison on the Thames. It has a large, towering tower and a labyrinth of inner courts – in the 1930s. The British built the Tilanqiao Prison in Hongkou, Shanghai, and the largest slaughterhouse in the Far East. The two superpositions can be used as an imaginary reference. It is faintly visible to Dickens’s poor people’s apprenticeship born by Oliver Reutte. The world, which greatly exceeds the radius of activity of Victorian female writers, is a full-time teacher or female companion, almost the farthest distance from their home.

The thief family in The Fingers is the social school of Oliver Reus, the core of the role exchange, and can be traced back to the source of the folklore “Prince and Nephew”. Shakespeare’s “Twelfth Night” is also derived from this source. The younger sister of the dragon and the baby, Viola, dressed as a man to give the baron a child, as if it was the predecessor of the “small velvet” Zhongnan. After the departure, he parted ways. Viola is the daughter of the men’s attire. Nanxun is the male heart in the daughter’s body – the post-modern “queer” theme, advancing to the pre-modern encounter, exacerbating the taboo challenge, just like The author of Brokeback Mountain wants to put the story between two white sheep in the 1960s.

The story of Sarah Waters always occurs in the old times. In China, it is necessary to fall into the “nostalgia”. In fact, I think the author’s intention is not here, but in the “taboo.” If tensions are all soothing, postmodern theory is doing this, deconstructing differences, not sure, this is the root cause of the decline of the story! In the time period chosen by Sarah Waters, the glory of the nobility has not been exhausted, and the bourgeoisie has already sunrised the East. According to Marx, the ancestors of the grave-digger are bred – looking at the history of the novel, “class” can be described The driving force behind the plot production. In the series of nobility and bourgeois, bourgeois and proletarian, social class difference, the bourgeoisie is clearly the core of the conflict, just like Agatha Christie’s “Nile River Massacre”, the fallen nobles Mrs. Allerton – the film deleted this character Most of them are wise, and the intuitive and intuitive screen image cannot reflect the profoundness of thought. Mrs. Allerton mentioned Mr. Ferguson, a socialist believer, and said something like this: “I feel that Mr. Ferguson must be our objection. Capitalist allies.” The contradiction in the upper reaches seems to be more elegant. It is because of the long-lasting relationship, the decline of calmness, the lingering rhyme, the principle of aesthetics, the so-called “defect and defeat”; and the downstream change has many revolutionary factors. , oppression and oppression, exploitation and exploitation, short-handed, bayonet see red, what is hesitant? But when history goes to the lower reaches of the lower reaches, the class society dissipates, and the opposites resolve, human beings only declare war on the superhuman, so the magic school of Harry Potter was born, the Star Wars was born, or turned back to the Jurassic. The story of the people has come to an end. Sarah Waters had to retreat and retreat to a hundred years ago, the Victorian era, and perhaps there were untapped resources.

As I said before, “Little Stranger” started at the age of ten years old, and Baisha Manor is booming. Thirty years later, “I”, a clinic doctor who opened a partnership, once again entered Baisha Manor. It is full of desolateness and is everywhere. This appearance, I think of Agatha Christie’s “Roger Ackroyd murder”, the narrator is also “I”, a village doctor. The former is the little maid of Baisha Manor, the latter, the patient is a female housekeeper. Both patients made the doctor suspicious, the little maid finally confessed, the purpose was to leave the manor, she was afraid, and the housekeeper discussed the poison with the doctor. The super-sense of the women has been fulfilled, and there have been strange incidents in the manor. Death has come and the poison has passed through the “Roger Ackroyd murder”. Baisha Manor has undoubtedly had a glorious day. Even if you are embarrassed, you should also keep the old-fashioned style of the Chinese people’s old saying that “the worms are dead and not stiff”, especially for the children who grew up in the house. The so-called “home and child” is almost close to faith. Roger Ackroyd’s house is not as famous as it is. In the village, it’s just “decent”. The owner is not the real homesickness, but the wheel manufacturer. In the conservative countryside, the mood is complicated, envy and Disdain, the motive for the murder is vulgar. The two books are the most easily related to the main body of the narrative – “I”, the identity of the common village doctor, in the words of Agatha Christie: “I have lived a life that is boring and old, dry. It’s all trivial and boring trivia.” Sara Waters’s is: “I don’t even care for myself, let alone my wife and family.” In short, the two “I” are not satisfied with their own lives. , eager to change. However, in the vertical class structure of the old empire, the probability of variables is quite limited, and they have to do something. “Roger Ackroyd murder”, in the disclosure of the big detective Porod, wrote a manuscript, which is this novel, confession in the world. “Little Strangers” has no flaws, such as high-intelligence characters such as Poirot, unless there is a special chance, will never reach the withered mountains, until the end of the text, the narrator leaked inadvertent words: “If Baisha Manor was The ghost is entangled, but the ghost never appears in front of me. Because I just look at it with a fixed eye, I feel very disappointed. I only look at the window glass, there is a twisted face staring at me – this one The face that is confused and longing is my own.”

The syntactic novel “Roger Ackroyd” of the criminal’s self-reported plot is already excellent enough. The lineage of “Little Stranger” makes the pattern more refined and refined. This can be regarded as the ecology of a type novel. It is not static, but is created under obedience. This drive of creation is also a higher expectation from reading experience. Taiwanese book reviewer Tang Nuo once said that type novels require the tacit understanding between the author and the reader. I understand that “tacit understanding” refers to a kind of “consensus”, which is achieved by telling stories and listening to stories, mutual expectation and trust. In addition to due diligence, we must not deviate from the human condition. This is the rule of the type novel.

When the novel is divided into the public and the minority, or popular literature and pure literature, it is difficult to trace what is the story of the novel. In the classics of the novel, it is possible to bury a certain kind of youth into a public reading paradigm in the future; to express the meaning of the world’s external appearance, to interpret the coherence of the story into metaphors, to metaphysical, is it still a novel? Once discussed with a French translator, the problem of writing left and right hands, she said, should still write in the right hand, because – she was indulged – because writing is designed for the right hand. This sentence is very interesting, with the meaning of retrospective origin. The pattern of everything is established for the application. Specific to the novel, the narrative nature of the novel is designed for those who are keen to listen to the story.

Sarah Waters’s “The Guest”, the broken daughter, the old girl Frances, fell in love with the guest, Mrs. Barber, went to her noisy maiden, as if Madame Bovary of Flaubert went to Paris to wait for the neighborhood; An Italian-style family, seven aunts and squats crowded in the smashing room, and like the scene of Zola’s “The Tavern”; then they were dragged into the murder of the pro-parent, sitting in the airy dirty auditorium, and her The Barber family became an ally – it has not fallen, she is also a good show, with a moral ethics, at this time can not help but pull the water. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the scene of the regular rotation of the class, in Balzac’s “Bessie”, the lover of the Baron Yuluo is younger than one, one is lower than one, from the social flower to the darning woman, and then To the iron cooker’s fifteen-year-old daughter…realism is actually the common character of the novel. I don’t know the genetic variation in which opportunity, gradually divide the field, the thought is given to the knowledge, and the type is given to the storyteller.

At that time, Dickens’s novels were serialized in newspapers. Just like today’s TV series, it is undoubtedly a popular novelist, but today we, no one doubts his classicity. Into the European and American bookstores, standing on the desktop of the door, a few hundred pages, on the number of words, it is necessary to hundreds of thousands, what kind of energy drive and connection, through the crisis, read the crisis, seeing To the end, I don’t want to be in a different position, and the danger is in front, so the Arab tyrant has to leave Shan Ruzode to live. Modern people know too much, and their resistance to mysterious things is enhanced. You give one. He introduces two, gives ten, launches 100, tells the story, lives on the line, and uses what to save you?

Sarah Waters’s “The Vigil” has not yet been read, just like a metaphor, suggesting that suspense is in the lingering, accumulating charm, is the cheat of the type novel.