Western politicians, especially the US president, seem to have good eloquence. They all have public speeches, and they are always eloquent. Some of the famous chapters are also circulated as classic quotes. In fact, this “eloquence” is not entirely a personal achievement, but more a result of collective creation. For example, the US president has a special writing team. These white house writers are the behind-the-scenes heroes who have created “presidential eloquence.”
British Prime Minister hires US “West Wing Writer”
In British politics, Prime Minister Brown is clearly not vocal, and critics say his speech is tedious and not filthy. However, during the visit to the United States in March this year, Brown suddenly became “scarred” and it was impressive. In particular, his speech at the joint meeting of the Senate and the House of Representatives in the United States Congress won 19 collective standing ovations in the presence of the members of the House of Representatives, and President Obama also personally sent a congratulatory message. American commentators believe that Brown’s speech is not only passionate, but also very relevant when it comes to the global economic situation.
However, most people in the United States did not know at the time that Brown became a “name”, not because his eloquence had undergone a qualitative change, but that he hired a group of former White House writers to write a manuscript for him. The price is $7085.
In fact, the White House writer worked for the president when he was in office. After leaving the post, he continued to use this feat to replace the person and made the business abroad. The ability of the White House writers is not just that the articles are well written. They can also tailor the speeches to the speakers, and make the original ordinary speech become brilliant after their processing and retouching.
Anyone familiar with American drama should know that the word “West Wing” refers to the “White House West Wing” in the American context and is the office of the presidential team. The group of writers who wrote for Brown chose this word as the company name, which was undoubtedly influenced by the popular American drama of the same name.
The “West Wing Writer” filed with the US Department of Justice documents that on March 4 this year, the company had paid for “editing publicity materials” for Brown, especially for his speech in Congress.
These documents did not reveal which parts of the lectures they had specifically polished, but Brown’s speeches reflected in many aspects of the American political culture and insights, which are undoubtedly from the company’s handwriting. For example, the lecture quoted the famous words of the two American presidents John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan, and also quoted the famous sentence of Abraham Lincoln, the greatest president of American history, in the 1863 Gettysburg speech: Pay tribute to the Americans who have contributed the last courage and heroism.”
In March of last year, the “West Wing Writer” revised a speech for Brown for $9810.5. Three weeks later, when Brown visited the United States, he gave a speech at the Kennedy Library in Boston, urging the United States and Europe to join forces to fight global terrorist forces.
The above documents also show that Brown is an old customer of this company. Since becoming the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Brown has turned to the “West Wing Writer” for his personal visits to the American public, including speeches at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the United Nations, and the American Institute of Foreign Affairs. And a signed article published in the Washington Post and other media. To date, Brown has paid more than $40,000 to the company.
After Brown’s exposure, the “West Wing Writer” refused to comment and said that his clients had one thing in common, “I hope to keep it confidential.” According to media reports, the company’s known customers also include the Jordanian royal family and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
It is understood that the “West Wing Writer” is composed of a group of Democratic pens, including Wenka Lafleur, who was involved in the writing of former President Clinton’s 1995 Northern Ireland speech, and the White House assistant Paul Ozulak of the Clinton era. Another former Clinton contributor, Jeff Sorsol.
”White House Ghost” behind Kennedy
The White House set up a special person to write a speech for the president in the 1920s. The first White House writer was Judson Williver, who wrote for President Warren Harding, who was in office from 1921 to 1923, at the time of the title “Literary Clerk.” The White House writers in the United States honored him as a grandfather and named their association as the “Jadeson Willif Society.” A party is held every year.
Robert Schlesinger, Associate Editor of US News and World Report, attends the Society’s activities every year with his father, Arthur Schlesinger, a writer of President John F. Kennedy. Many insiders of the White House writers. Robert Schlesinger also wrote a book for this purpose, called “White House Ghost”. This is because generations of White House writers are working behind the scenes, but little is known, but some of the lectures they have polished have been passed down by the president after their speeches. It can be said that they helped shape the image of the American presidents of the past, but they are invisible in front of the world, like the “ghost of the White House.”
John F. Kennedy is recognized as one of the best-selling presidents in American history, and his writer, Ted Sorensen, his closest advisor and senior aide, has contributed. In 1960, the young and powerful Kennedy was elected president, Sorensen immediately began the important work of drafting the president’s inaugural speech. Kennedy’s request is: as short and forward-looking as possible, to reflect the “change” image represented by his victory.
On Thanksgiving Day in 1960, Sorensen discussed and wrote the first draft at the dinner of his deputy, Mayer Feldman. In the next month and a half, Sorensen tried his best to make a speech for the manuscript. On December 23, he sent a letter to 10 Democratic Party members, including former Democratic presidential candidate Stevenson, economist Galbraith and three future Kennedy government cabinet ministers.
On January 10, 1961, Sorensen submitted a six-page inaugural speech to Kennedy, which determined the basic structure of the speech and many unforgettable statements. Sorensen also processed some of the ideas provided by Stevenson and Galbraith, for example, “We will never negotiate because of fear, but we will never fear negotiations.” We will never become afraid of fear. Negotiations, but we have never feared negotiations.”
Kennedy did not fully adopt Sorenson’s manuscript, but inserted it into another version of the speech draft. The speech included some famous phrases that were passed on to future generations, such as “We are willing to pay any price, bear any burden, cope with any difficulties, support any friend, oppose any enemy” and so on. “Don’t ask what the country can do for you, but ask what you can do for the country” is considered the crowning touch of this speech. This is actually Sorensen from the 1884 speech of Supreme Court Justice Holmes. Get inspired.
This well-crafted speech was later successfully won by Kennedy’s speech and became a famous piece in Western speeches. Kennedy became famous. After entering the White House, Kennedy and Sorensen continued this mode of script writing. First, Kennedy came up with a theme, then showed what conclusions he hoped to reach, and then wrote it by the White House writing team. The presentation time is no more than 30 minutes. This has almost become a fixed process for the writing of previous US presidential speeches, and it has been used ever since.
Young talent behind Obama
The current literary and eloquence of US President Barack Obama is recognized by the world. His speech is not only magnificent, but also full of vigor. This is directly related to his bold use of young talents as “literary”.
There are more than a dozen people in Obama’s White House writers, but the core figures are two young men who have just left school for a few years.
One of them is 27-year-old lead writer Jon Fiflow. Obama’s important speech during the campaign last year was written by him. On January 20 this year, Obama’s inauguration speech was also written by him. This also made him the youngest presidential inaugural speech writer in history.
Don’t look at Favlo, who has a baby face, graduated from St. Cross College in Massachusetts in 2003, but he wrote a political speech to be very old. In order to write Obama’s inaugural speech, he began to use the espresso and Red Bull drinks every day after the victory of Obama in November last year. He spent 16 hours sitting at the computer and carefully studying the inaugural speeches of successive presidents.
Since the beginning of the Democratic National Convention in 2004, Favlo has been following Obama. The reason for his re-use is not only that the text is outstanding (Obama’s classic slogan “Yes, we can do it” is his creativity), but also that he is very hardworking. Not only did he memorize Obama’s speech at the Democratic Party, he even said that even Obama’s autobiography, “The Dream from Father,” was carried around. In order to ponder Obama’s thoughts and language, he hardly left Obama. White House strategic adviser Axelrod said that Favre is one of Obama’s most trusted people, “because the president rarely gives the power to interpret his ideas to others, but Favlo may be an exception.” Due to his prominent position in the White House, Favlo was elected one of the “100 Most Influential People” selected by Time magazine.
Another important writer for Obama is Fivlow’s deputy, Ben Raz, the only foreign policy speaker at the White House. He is 31 years old and received his master’s degree from New York University in 2002. His major is novel writing. He initially worked for Lee’s foreign affairs elder Lee Hamilton, who recommended it for Obama.
As a foreign policy writer, Rhodes must not only try to understand Obama’s speech habits and tone of voice, but also be familiar with foreign affairs. He is currently the only person in the White House to be a diplomatic adviser and often attends the White House National Security Conference. Every foreign policy speech that has attracted world attention since Obama took office has been from his announcement of the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and the increase of troops to Afghanistan, the presentation of a speech on a nuclear-free world, and the speech of the Middle East policy.
The speech written by Rhodes appropriately reflects Obama’s personal style and diplomatic philosophy, and is therefore fully affirmed by the White House team. In the return flight after Obama’s visit to Europe in April this year, Obama and his team applauded Rhodes for his contribution to the success of the visit.
Axelrod said that Rhodes’ greatest strength lies in “he really understands the voice of the president” and “has a good heart with the president in foreign affairs.”
Writer’s fate varies from person to person
Today, the White House writing team usually works with the White House research department. The main task is to draft a speech for the president, including drafting the president’s letter to the Congress, presidential announcement, executive order, greetings from the president to the White House visitors, and the opening of the press conference. Words and other public statements and documents.
In fact, there was no special White House writer at the beginning of the United States. Founding President George Washington often discusses how to write a speech with senior government officials such as Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton. President Andrew Jackson’s speech was drafted by his Attorney General.
Abraham Lincoln himself wrote his own manuscript, including the Gettysburg speech and the “Declaration of the Evil Slavery”. President Woodrow Wilson, a professor and scholar, never had to write a manuscript.
American presidents in the first half of the 20th century liked to ask professionals to write. President Franklin Roosevelt hired playwright Robert Sherwood to capture the knife. DeWitt Eisenhower’s writer is journalist Emmett Hughes. The main writers of John F. Kennedy are his legal counsel Sorensen and the historian Little Arthur Schlesinger. The writer of Ronald Reagan is the female writer Peggy Noonan.
The fate of the White House writers varies from person to person. Some people have a successful career after leaving the White House. For example, Lyndon Johnson’s writer Jack Valenti later became president of the American Film Institute. In the writings of Richard Nixon, William Shafer became a columnist for The New York Times, Pat Buchanan became a political commentator, and participated in two Republican presidential nomination competitions. Among Carter’s writers, James Faros and Hendrick Herzberg later became influential writers.
Some of these White House writers can provide policy advice directly to the president and may influence government decision-making. Others are “writing smiths” who have no policy influence at all.