“Beijing-Tianjin-Tang”, “Shanghai-Nanjing-Hangzhou” and “Pearl River Delta”, these three “first richest” economic zones enjoy the preferential policies of the central government in politics, finance and other aspects, and laid the foundation for reform and opening up early. The status of the sheep. As the core of these three regions, Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou are the earliest international metropolises in China. Compared with most second-tier cities that are bound by bureaucracy, human feelings and rigid systems, these first-tier cities rely on them. A more advanced development system has attracted and accumulated a wealth of social resources, especially human resources. For many people who are accompanying the pace of urban development, “Northern Guangzhou” is a dream workshop.
However, the rise in housing prices, the worsening of municipal construction, or even the unfairness of life and development brought about by the household registration system, is expelling the best and most believing generation of China from the North to the broad, and the disease of China’s big cities with Chinese characteristics has already formed!
Escape from the north to the wide, that is, fleeing from the first-tier cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, is a trend of thought in white-collar workers in the case of high housing prices in large cities and continued growth in life pressure. Do you want to escape from the North and the North, to the second and third tier cities to put youth, this is two sorts of value, some think that small and medium-sized cities are good people, to reduce the risk of life as the main purpose; think that the big city is good, to raise the income of life for purpose. This can not help but reminiscent of the rumor that the Chinese and South Koreans said to the younger brothers in the “Infernal Affairs”: the future is in your own hands, so how to go, you choose.
The specific reasons for fleeing from Beishangguang are basically nothing to the following three points: buying house pressure, lifestyle and work pressure.
Buying house pressure
At present, buyers under the age of 30 account for 70% of the first-time loan home buyers, and the loan demand of this group is mostly concentrated above 800,000 yuan, and the purchased real estate is more and more biased towards large-sized houses. It can be seen that young people who are mainly married houses are quite strong in buying houses. Due to the limited income of young people and the lack of savings, according to some surveys, it is more common for young couples to pay monthly due to the down payment of the family (or even the two).
Of course, house prices continue to rise year after year, coupled with vague inflation expectations, so that many people have the illusion that house prices can only rise and fall, and therefore prefer to buy as soon as possible. However, the real estate industry has its own cycle as well as other economic phenomena. The book “Escape the Economic Cycle” believes that the real estate industry has a cycle of about 16-18 years, and the index has come to China for about 10 years. It also causes the Chinese people in the rising trajectory to panic in the ups and downs, but the real estate cycle is short-lived compared to the young people’s great future, not to mention the possible risks once the cycle is coming. In the current real estate boom, a group of unconscious, a kind of irrationality under mutual stimulation is spreading, always feels that everything is long and the house is big. Whether it’s starting from career development or looking for a more satisfying lifestyle, the house is not necessarily a necessity. Conversely, buying all of the homes may limit choices and affect development.
Advertiser Wu Fan, 26 years old, graduated from Beijing, Wuxi and Shanghai in the four years of college graduation, and changed his work to three or four. “The income is among the middle-aged college graduates, but they feel that they are mediocre. , not married yet. The only consolation was that her parents bought a suite in their hometown of Wuxi more than a year ago.
When Wu Fan escaped from the windy Beijing, it re-admitted her with a complicated mentality. Wu Fan’s parents once thought that she would settle down and Zhang Luo would buy her a house. They hope that Wu Fan is as close as possible to himself, and Wu Fan’s fancy community is 20 minutes away from home. This is far away in the eyes of Xiaocheng people, but Wu Fan is a person who lived in Beijing, she persuaded Parents: This is a new city, close to the city government, and development will not be bad.
At the beginning of 2009, the national housing market was sluggish, and Wuxi was no exception. For this reason, my father was not very happy and thought that he had bought a loss. However, not long after, the city government issued a new decision, and the surrounding house prices rose to the ground. If she sells the suite now, she can earn 500,000.
In fact, she knows nothing about real estate investment. She buys a house based on “an intuition about government behavior.” Wu Fan believes that if she has not lived in Beijing, she may not have this instinct for a lifetime.
As the saying goes: the water flows down and the people go high. In China, the “high places” that many people aspire to are undoubtedly big cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hangzhou. For no reason, these first-tier cities are not only a national economic and cultural center, but also provide employment and development opportunities that are unmatched elsewhere. Those young people who are interested in pursuing a wonderful life and achieving great ideals have racked their brains to take root in these big cities, hoping to fight for a piece of their own sky. However, under the fast-paced work and high-stress life, more and more Beibaiguang white-collar workers feel that they are physically and mentally exhausted, but they cannot find a goal. In order to eliminate anxiety and reduce stress, some white-collar workers simply resigned and moved to other cities to find another relatively relaxed lifestyle. But when they really got the “relatively relaxed” lifestyle, a state of conceivableness became a great fear for them – “The lifestyle after 30 years and now will not be significant. “Different”, the comfort brought by such a boring life is really more attractive than the ups and downs of fighting in the north and the middle of the country?
Before Wu graduated from university, she moved out of the school dormitory. From internship to formal work for less than half a year, she has lived in relatives, basements and bungalows, and the life of the displaced is certainly lacking. However, after the initial discomfort, Wu Fan began to discover that Beijing was “a wonderful place scattered everywhere”. In the eyes of a young female artist, this beauty includes ancient parks, emerging art districts, the release of arrogant rock, quiet and soft folk songs, and the adventures of people – this may be the legendary circle.
Before that, she could only play with herself, go to the library to read books, or bubble forums. Now, she participates in creative markets, various music festivals, meets various friends, eats and chats with poets and painters, and then, in her own words, is “here makes you bloom, let you grow again, and grows for you. Unpredictable appearance.” She is no longer the silent, nervous girl. Among friends, she is like a Beijing girl, KAO, CAO are hanging on her lips, saying a variety of playful words – Beijing dialect has some kind of Mysterious effects, like a sentence can resolve people’s pain or depression.
She likes Beijing’s tolerance. “The gap between the cities is particularly large. Everyone can find an environment that suits their own survival. Shanghai is different, and even the market is very expensive.” Here you never have to worry about becoming a different kind because ” National and global aliens have come.”
However, even if you do not consider buying a house in Beijing, housing is always a problem. After working in Beijing for nearly three years, I moved four or five times. When I was at home and designed the busiest and most worried, the Auntie suddenly knocked on the door and rushed into the house: “Do you have a temporary residence permit?” Or, the second landlord suddenly said: “You moved, I have already retired the house.” At that time, she didn’t have many friends. When she was looking for someone, she was looking for a house. I don’t remember where it was at that night. Anyway, people walked to the subway and sat. Cried on the ground, I can’t wait to buy a train ticket and go home.
Now, in a residential building in Shanghai 1000 kilometers away, she recalled all this. Suddenly there was a question: Did the landlord return the deposit when he checked out last time?
Nowadays, young white-collar workers have become a social disease because of the excessive work pressure and the damage to health and even sudden death. In the large and medium-sized cities, especially the first-tier cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, the surprisingly high prices have not shown signs of loosening. The various living costs of young people are rising, while employment opportunities are relatively reduced, and fierce social competition is increasing. These objective factors have led many young people to choose. So more and more people are “escaped.” But it is foreseeable that those who are unbearable in the pressure of living in a big city can’t make up their minds, and there are more people who dream of going to Beijing, Shanghai and other first-tier cities. Although the pressures of life and work in these first-tier cities will continue to increase, more people will choose to squeeze in. It is not that these people are more resistant to stress or do not care about their physical and mental health, but because of the serious imbalance in regional economic development, the excessive concentration of resources to the first-tier cities, and those who are subject to fewer opportunities and relationships in small places. It is bound to continue to flood into major cities such as Beijing and Shanghai.
Faced with too fierce social competition and excessive living pressure in first-tier cities, moving to other more livable small and medium-sized cities may be a very good choice. However, before our entire social situation is fundamentally changed, the pressure of life to undermine the physical and mental health of young people is everywhere. Big cities have big difficulties, and small cities have small troubles. After all, there is nowhere to escape.
Initially, Wu Fan came to Beijing with self-fulfillment, but gradually, she lost her confidence in taking root in the city. She inexplicably worried about her ability to “build a happy family” and worried that her non-Beijing status could not be given. The future child brings happiness – although she did not even have a boyfriend. During the May 1st Golden Week in 2007, my parents came to Beijing to see her. A family of three took a taxi to see a new real estate outside the East Fifth Ring Road. At that time, the price was less than 7,000 yuan per square meter. Because the surrounding area is too desolate, the suitable small unit has already been used. Sold out, they gave up. At that time, Wu Fan did not know that after three months, the house price took off again and reached a new peak. She can’t blame her parents. They can’t imagine that house prices in this small town are such a trend. “So, magic, the survival experience of the fathers with half a century is unpredictable.”
She once saw an unhappy repost on Happy Online. The general idea is that because of the soaring housing prices, China has no middle class, leaving only the bureaucratic class and the proletariat. She feels that “this is a kind of personal inability to resist. In the era of soaring housing prices, you can only afford to give up the right to marry and have children. If this generation is married, don’t marry and have children?”
Wu Fan and every day have to The mother talked on the phone, complained about her thoughts, complained, and said something like “I am better off going back to my hometown…” until one day, my parents suddenly told her that she had already asked for a position in a design institute in her hometown. “You come back!”
She was caught in a huge mood: a dangerous big city, the pain of moving, the loneliness of deep bone marrow and her love and hate for Beijing. At this time, the hometown was imagined as a refuge after the injury, and even a paradise – she envied her father and envied the kind of sense of security and security he walked on the streets of Wuxi. “There are acquaintances everywhere, nothing to fear. “In the
end, she went back to Wuxi for an interview.” That day, she was waiting for an interview with the interviewer on the first floor of the Design Institute building. The elevator opened, and some people came out inside. She saw a familiar figure and was a college student.
She subconsciously turned her head and didn’t recognize him. “It’s a humiliating thing to go back.” – For a long time in the future, she will fight against people’s prejudice and inner curse: “Only People who don’t get well will come back!” The
survival of the fittest
“Escape from the North” is a social competition phenomenon that survives the fittest. However, from a fair point of view, if all the people who work hard in Beishangguang have equal competition conditions, and only rely on individual ability and luck as a result of the competition, it is a different matter. When the housing prices in second-tier cities are also rising, the cost of living is gradually increasing. The housing prices in these cities are low for first-tier cities, but they are still very high for residents with relatively low local income. According to the logic of “escape from the north to the broad”, under the high housing prices, it is inevitable that some people will continue to “escape” from other small and medium-sized cities. In theory, it seems to be the normal survival of the fittest. However, in the current state of the M-type bipolar state of “the rich get richer and the poor get poorer”, when the “rich second generation” Zhang Yang and the “poor second generation” hard work stand in stark contrast, the real “scraping game” “Easy to change some of the rules of the game of the survival of the fittest, this is where some people “escape” worthy of sympathy. The unfair starting point of competition is one of the most helpless aspects of “escape” under social barriers.
Compared with developed countries, the administrative power of our country still has a monopoly on the distribution of social resources. For example, universities, almost the best universities are concentrated in the first-tier cities, and there is too much interest attached to a household registration card in Beijing. It is this crucial point that determines that there will still be a large number of people who are desperately crowded when others “escape”.
The small town infiltrates into life from some of the most subtle places, telling you the beginning of change. People start to be quiet and even become sensitive to smells. The smell of shampoo and the taste of pine nuts are all light, but they have been lingering. The body does not pass through the subway, fight the bus, and the smell after walking around. There is a lot of time to imagine tomorrow and the day after tomorrow. What to do… here is familiar, comfortable, and mediocre, short and long. Some people will say to Wu Fan: Oh, I have been to Beijing, I don’t like that city. She had no way to explain to them everything in the city. They had been as tourists, and they felt the pollution, congestion, and bigness, but they did not really get there.
There is no technical content in the work, and it doesn’t even need a brain. In the office of the unit, those middle-aged people like to release energy to discover the privacy of others, who has the background of the family, and who is in contact with a boss or a leader of the municipal party committee. In addition, middle-aged women in small towns are particularly keen on matchmaking. Wu Fan’s biggest social life here is blind date. As a reporter, Wu Fan has already practiced the ability to quickly and strangely warm up. “I don’t get used to the cold field, but I also have to have a cup of tea for others, so I will take the initiative to speak.” She found that the small town man I don’t love this. “It may be that the other person is worried about your ability and IQ above him.” Later, she obeyed the meaning of the elders and wore the same as the heroine of the Korean drama, and then said nothing, just sitting. smile – “it’s strange, ah, they are very interested in this image of a girl smiling and silent, let these men quite confident, will forever be a dull topic to continue, and I had pins and needles …….”
she He also searched for young artists in small towns and found only a group of literary middle-aged and old people who loved Guqin Chinese painting. There is a pioneer private bookstore in Xiaocheng. When she first discovered it, she was very happy to ask her classmates to buy. The bookstore is getting more and more depressed. Before the Spring Festival last year, she went to buy Margaret Atwood’s “Tent” and found that the bookstore’s pattern has shrunk by more than half. The boss said that the business is not ready to close.
In September 2009, she fled again, and the end of the ticket was Shanghai. She said that returning to her hometown made her understand that freedom and comfort cannot be achieved. She chose freedom. Life is one-dimensional, there is no way to go back to the past. “This time, I am ready to be a poor man, completely giving up the idea of buying a house in a big city. As a woman, my dream of a house has never been based on marriage, but with fantasy, I feel this magical Everything in the country can change the fate of a grassroots.”