A gunshot rang, and the campus of Hopkins University, which had just finished class, suddenly fell into a panic. Professor James Franck was shocked and found that the students beside him were in a pool of blood.
The 53-year-old professor immediately understood what was going on and immediately hid in a nearby classroom. The after-the-fact investigation confirmed his judgment: the other party’s assassination was not the student but the professor himself. The instigator behind the assassination is Hitler.
The time was 1935, when Jewish Frank fled from Berlin two years ago. At that time, Professor Theodore Lessing, who fled to Czechoslovakia, was assassinated by Nazi thugs in Marienbad. Frank did not expect that they would cross the ocean to track here.
But in the eyes of the Nazi regime, the assassination of Frank deserves to be so bloody. The winner of the 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics, during the First World War, also won the “Iron Cross”.
In 1933, Hitler began to practice ethnicity after he took power. Many Jews lost their jobs and were forced to flee. Taking into account Frank’s reputation in Germany, Hitler allowed him to continue teaching at the University of Göttingen, but only if Frank had to quit his non-Aryans.
The Nazis thought that Frank, who was under the roof, would bow to the conditions of Hitler. However, the professor not only immediately resigned as a faculty member, but also issued a statement to question and oppose. When he left, he refused to hand over the nuclear energy-related parts of his research to Nazi scientists.
Hitler ordered the official arrest of the famous physicist. Fortunately, before the arrest, Frank had transferred his family from Denmark to the United States. Hitler, who was angry and angry, decided to carry out the assassination.
In fact, as the son of a well-known German banker, Frank had lived a life of pampering before he fled. At the age of 19, Frank entered the University of Heidelberg to study chemistry. He was criticized by the teacher for his excessive playfulness and self-righteousness. In the eyes of young people, the teacher’s reprimand has seriously hurt his self-respect. In an angry manner, he decided to transfer to the University of Berlin.
After the transfer, he began to repent and gained a doctorate through his own efforts, and eventually obtained a teaching position at the University of Berlin.
There, he worked with Hertz to study the collision of electrons with atoms and molecules. Their collision experiments became the first proof of the quantized nature of energy transitions and the first decisive evidence for the quantified energy levels assumed by the Danish physicist Bohr.
But when Bohr pointed this out in 1915, Frank and Hertz claimed in the paper that their experimental results did not conform to Bohr’s theory. It wasn’t until 1919 that after carefully studying Bohr’s theory, Frank changed his previous views and agreed with Bohr’s point of view.
This bow, eventually let Frank and Hertz discover the law that atoms are subject to electron collisions, and after six years, they become the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Just this Nobel medal, Frank can’t keep it for too long. During the escape in Denmark, the Germans invaded Denmark. In order to prevent the medal from being swept away by the Germans, the Hungarian chemist George Dehewesi dissolved Frank’s Nobel medal with aqua regia and placed the solution on the shelf of the Bohr Institute laboratory.
At this time, Frank, who has been a professor of physical chemistry at the University of Chicago, spends most of his time studying photosynthesis. When the United States decided to implement the “Manhattan Plan,” Frank became a member of the atomic bomb project. However, this exile has another identity – the chairman of the “Political and Social Issues Committee on the Atomic Bomb”.
As a nuclear physicist, he knew the power of the atomic bomb and did not bow his head because he lived under the roof of a foreign country. He led a group of nuclear physicists to jointly write a letter, clearly opposing the use of atomic bombs against Japan. Because “the use of atomic bombs can certainly obtain some kind of military benefits, but it is not worth the loss of the world’s horror and aversion, and will promote the nuclear arms race after the end of the war.”
Two months before the United States threw an atomic bomb at Hiroshima, Japan, Frank’s committee issued the famous Frank Report on the military application of the atomic bomb. The report ultimately failed to stop the military’s decision, but the post-war nuclear confrontation he predicted predicted soon became a reality.
The bottle of Frank’s Nobel Medal was dissolved and was carefully taken from the lab’s shelf by De Hawes. The gold in the solution was precipitated and the Nobel Prize Committee recast it into a medal and wore it on Frank’s chest. His motherland later hanged the Planck medal on his chest.
In 1964, the man who had escaped the assassination and returned to the motherland to visit the old man was unfortunately dead on the road. In the memory of the old people, “He is a person who is obsessed with science, sincere and kind, and gentle.” Just “moderate” does not mean “tame.” This gentle person, even standing under the eaves, did not bow down.