When I was in elementary school in Taiwan, one of my classmates was a soldier. His father probably retired very early, so he did not receive too many long-term benefits and benefits. Later, he worked as a farmer and lived a very hard life. Although poor, his desk is always spotless, and the toilet floor is brightly reflective. Every time I went to eat at home, I was shocked by the old Shandong’s swell of Shandong, and his majestic appearance. And his child, my classmate, even though the old clothes have been washed white for a long time, they are always dressed neatly and meticulously. I have recently recalled my childhood memories and read the simple furnishings of his family. The windows are clear and honest, and I am very upbeat. This is what the ancients called “poor.”
Poverty, that is, poverty and inferiority, and there is a self-respecting self-respect. This kind of person is poor and poor, but the dignity is there. It is not allowed to despise the half-point, not to eat the food, not to show people in a charming color. Anyone who sees him must still respect him. I was in Taiwan at an early age and I was an adult in Hong Kong. I have seen many such poor people, or ambitious vegetable farmers, or spirited iron workers. They are clear-cut, as if they are doing something important in the world.
Last month I attended an event with Mr. Chen Danqing. The activity is about to begin, and there are still a lot of people standing outside the door. Chen Danqing asked the venue manager what the hell was going on. The latter said that it was for safety and could not allow people to enter. Into the hall, we found that the space is actually more, so Mr. Chen went out to negotiate, asked to let people in, I asked the front row of audience to move the chair together, so as to make room for others to have a place to stand.
Just as everyone started to move the seat, the security guards at the scene suddenly held the audience standing up and shouted: “What do you do! Don’t move, go back! Go back!” The attitude is rather rough. No matter how I explained it, they turned a deaf ear and the scene began to get a bit confusing. Then the manager heard the sound and saw what was inside. I told the manager, “Your security guard is awkward!” So she pointed at a security guard: “You! Withdraw!” At this moment, a calm audience pointed out my mistake: “He didn’t swear.” “”
Yes, the security guard did not open his mouth. He was only a bit fierce and his tone was a bit violent. It’s just that I’m not accustomed to it. However, how can I not get used to it? Throughout the country, I have already encountered a lot of rumors of such security personnel. They seem to have only two attitudes, not respectful to the guests, or the sounds when they are needed, with almost no middle ground.
Someone reminded me that most of the security guards in the city are migrant workers from the countryside. I also know that they are just executing orders. Every time they encounter problems, they can only maintain “safety” according to the instructions of their superiors, and they dare not make their own modifications. Because they are never given this power, their job is obedient. Each time they perform a task, their method is often to scream the crowds who are out of the boundaries, and even pull the unruly guy. Other than that, they don’t know there are other, more modest expressions. Because perhaps they are usually treated like this (I think of the “You! Withdraw!”).
A few days later, I was at a restaurant for dinner. When I went to the bathroom, I passed through a private room with a half-open door. There was a roar in it. I instinctively walked a few steps and saw a red-faced person in the room screaming at a waiter with a head down. He cried, “Can you afford this clothes? Your boss has to call My uncle! You XX bastard!” I immediately remembered the loyal security guard that day, not because his attitude at the time was very close to the “grandfather” in front of him, but his appearance was very scared like this. The waiter of the body.
Two years ago, Professor Sun Liping of Tsinghua University wrote a very good article entitled “Dignity and No Shame of the Poor.” He believes that the deterioration of the gap between the rich and the poor has made it difficult for many weak people to keep their jobs, not to mention keeping their dignity. So, can our society maintain them? No. Because this is an era of poverty and wealth, the mainstream of the city is so, even the public power. Has the public security that drove migrant workers in front of the station square show respect? Have you ever shown goodwill in the city management of chasing hawkers on the streets? China, which is based on communist ideology, has become the country with the greatest division of class, and this distinction is not only the difference between power and wealth, but also the difference in the distribution of dignity; the dignity of the poor and the weak, and their Property is as scarce.
Richard Sennet, a social thinker who has become known to Chinese readers because of the decline of public people, has another widely acclaimed work: Respect. Although he mainly talks about the mature capitalist society in the West, we are not unfamiliar to read it. The case of the death of dignity is common to everyone. However, China’s problems may be even more serious. It is similar to the situation of the Soviet Union in the past: “The disconnection and alienation mark the daily life of the Soviet Empire… Onlookers become a way of survival.” Everyone becomes isolated. The atom, each section of human relations has been cut off by the system, the traditional watch helps to degenerate into apathy, and only the subordination between power levels is still working.
Then, the ruthless market competition came in, and the situation only got worse.
Interestingly, respect must be two-way: “To treat people with respect can not automatically appear by orders alone, it is still mutual recognition. Mutual recognition requires the existence of negotiation, which involves the complexity of individual personality and social structure.” In the vernacular, this is the face. When the “grandfather” felt that the waiter did not give himself a face and thus humiliated him in public, he may not know that such rudeness is a very shameful act. The fact that the weak are bullied does not mean that the bully is dignified; on the contrary, dignity and face are interpersonal dances, and anyone who deprives others of their dignity cannot be an individual gentleman.
It is no wonder that this society not only can no longer see “poor”, but even “rich” is almost dead. Rich and rich, rich and expensive; how many rich people in China today are extravagant? Therefore, I am willing to add a footnote to Sun Liping’s point of view: in addition to the poor and the weak, the current rich and powerful are not necessarily very dignified.