Young people are no longer eager to stay away from their parents.
It has become a new social phenomenon in today’s world to still live with parents after the age of 30. The number of “homemakers” is also increasing. In fact, “returning to the nest” is usually a choice that young people with financial difficulties have to make. The latest data from Eurostat and national statistical agencies also confirm this point.
Since the end of 2000, the proportion of adults aged 18-34 living with their parents in EU countries has increased by 3% to 68.2%. This part of the growth rate is mainly contributed by young people over 30 years old.
However, this is only the average figure for EU countries. The largest increase in this proportion is in southern European countries, where traditional family values and close family ties have made children leave their parents later: Italy’s figure increased by 5.5%, Spain’s by 8.5%, Greece’s by 9%, and Portugal’s by 1.5%.
At the same time, the average age at which young people leave their parents has also increased: Italy is 30.1 years old, followed closely by Greece-29.4 years old and Spain-29.3 years old. This average is highest in economically backward Croatia and Slovakia, at 33 years old.
In addition, this social phenomenon is also on the rise in western European countries. In Belgium, the proportion of young people living in parents’ homes increased by 8%, while in Ireland, the proportion rose by 11%. Germany and France also increased.
In fact, this kind of delay in leaving parents is common all over the world. According to data from the Pew Research Center, the proportion of young people living with their parents in the United States today is the highest in 70 years. This figure dropped from 35% in 1940 to 20% in 1960 and now exceeds 34%.
Homecoming now seems to be a norm for adults to live with their parents. The following figure shows the proportion of adults aged 18-34 living with their parents in various countries.
Statistics from statistical agencies in Canada, Australia, Japan and South Korea also confirm the obvious growth trend of young people living with their parents. For example, in Japan, the proportion of adults aged 20 to 34 living with their parents increased from 29.5% in 1980 to 42.7% in 1995, and now it is close to 50%. In late 1990, Japanese sociologist Yasuhiro Yamada discussed this trend, calling these “boomerang children” and young people who do not form their own families “single parasites.” In fact, many so-called “parasites” have jobs and families, but they still prefer to live with their parents. From this point of view, the reasons for choosing to live with their parents have indeed become much more complicated in the past decade.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development pointed out in its research report 2030: The Future of Families that the global financial crisis that broke out in late 2000 hit young people hard. They are facing pressure from rising unemployment, rising rental prices and increased living expenses, so more and more young people want to rely on their parents as much as possible. At the same time, other demographic and social factors are also pushing up this trend. Some experts believe that this phenomenon is largely a reflection of millennials.
Nowadays, young people finish their studies later than previous generations. After obtaining a master’s degree, she was nearly 30 when she began to find her first full-time job. In the United States, young people often return to their parents’ homes when their income cannot help them pay off their education loans and achieve economic independence. The Pew Research Center report points out that the mobility of young people has been at its lowest level in half a century. However, millennials seem to be hard to persuade to get married, buy a house and have children successfully, which is usually the reason for their low mobility. Most millennials choose to live with their parents instead of living independently or with friends.
Experts also listed other trends related to this. “Other Lifestyles” are becoming more and more popular in the world. The first is collective living, in which many people live in the same rented house. There are also many generations of living styles, that is, young people live with their grandparents and other elders. Incredibly, these lifestyles that are helpless or seem outdated in Russia have now become fashionable in the West.
Sergei zakharov, deputy director of the Institute of Population Studies at the Russian State Higher School of Economics, said that the delay in self-reliance in Russia lasted longer than in Italy and Japan, and that the process had not changed significantly since the Soviet era.
Oksana Kuchmayeva, a professor in the Department of Demography of Moscow State University and an expert in family statistics, expressed his own views on the phenomenon of adult children living with their parents: the growth period of children who are not big will continue to extend.
Today’s children are becoming more and more independent, and Russian children are no exception. This is closely related to changes in lifestyle. People’s life expectancy is getting longer, their old age is being delayed, their growth period is being prolonged, and the time to enter adulthood is also being delayed. Today, all people are young before the age of 35, not 28.
Apart from pure demography, the reason for this trend is the extension of the socialization period. The so-called socialization period is a process in which young people master skills and create a material foundation based on society. This kind of change is more obvious in developed countries, which require higher human potential and pay more attention to quality education. For example, in Germany and northern European countries, parents will receive subsidies if their children continue to receive education as adults.
For centuries, families have attached great importance to the number of children. Because this is not only a helper to solve economic problems, but also a guarantee for the elderly. The number of children is considered a sign of wealth. But now psychological factors occupy the first place: children can make people become parents, have the opportunity to pass on knowledge and feel that they are educators. Therefore, parents are not in a hurry to dissolve the relationship.
In the past, a family, especially one without sufficient funds, fulfilled its obligations as a parent when the child came of age, and the child was exiled to society and allowed to wander freely. At present, there is a completely different picture: each family usually has only 1-2 children, and the family pays a lot for it, sometimes even devotes all of it. The other side of this child-centrism is that children are no longer anxious to form a family because they understand that it requires a certain spirit of sacrifice. As a result, the number of families has decreased, young people have delayed marriage, and dink has increased. At the same time, parents can always choose to “return to their nest” depending on their ideas. At present, the phenomenon of “returning to the nest” is no longer considered as a symbol of failure in life or an unacceptable behavior by society.
Therefore, the appearance of this phenomenon is not only the change of population and society, but also the result of value transfer. In today’s world, children no longer seek to earn big money to prove it to their parents and the people around them. They believe that it is important to realize oneself. They also want to stay away from their parents only when they disagree with their parents’ views and values. Of course, this trend is more obvious in developed countries and big cities. Obviously, the growth period will be extended. Moreover, whether to live independently from one’s parents will become less and less a sign to judge a person entering adulthood.