Recently, the United Kingdom and the United States have respectively deprived of the nationality of the “homesick” terrorist organization, which has attracted much international attention and is reminiscent of the “invisible person” of millions of stateless people around the world.
The 19-year-old Shamimar Begum was deprived of his nationality by the United Kingdom. She left the UK four years ago to join Syria, join the “Islamic State” and marry a member of the organization. After the “Islamic State” was defeated, Begum entered a refugee camp in Syria with a pregnant body. After being discovered by a British reporter there, Begum clearly expressed his wish to the reporter (the media) – back to the UK. The UK Home Office also responded clearly: Begur has been deprived of British citizenship.
Similar to Begur, the 24-year-old Huda Muthanna, who went to the “Islamic State” organization in Syria from Alabama five years ago, became the propagandist of the organization. She is now in the Syrian refugee camp and she also wants to return to the United States. However, from President Trump to Secretary of State Pompeo, they all said that Muthanna is not a US citizen and the United States will not ask her to return.
It is not surprising that Trump has urged European countries to “claim” citizens who have joined the “Islamic State” from their home country and are currently arrested. He himself refuses to enter the United States. In the early years, many Westerners joined the “Islamic State”, but as the organization collapsed in 2018, it is no small question for the countries of origin to claim these people. Once the precedent is set, there will be a lot of trouble in the follow-up.
Proponents believe that depriving those who join terrorist organizations is not only a punishment but also a guarantee for the safety of their citizens. Opponents argue that nationality is an inalienable basic human right and that these people should be allowed to return to China and give them a fair trial.
Indeed, in view of the tragedy of persecution after the Nazi regime deprived Jewish citizenship, the United Nations established the principle that nationality is the basic right of human beings, and in 1954 and 1961 respectively adopted the Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons and the Reduction of Statelessness. The Convention hopes to achieve “everyone has a nationality and everyone is a citizen.” The United States Federal Supreme Court ruled in the 1958 World War II US deserter Trop “voting” Dulles case that “nationality is not a driver’s license” and cannot be deprived because of criminal acts.
But the reality is very cruel. The UNHCR High Commissioner Philip Grandi said in November 2018 that there are currently about 12 million people without citizenship worldwide. These “invisible people” are a big problem in the world.
There are many reasons for becoming a stateless person: my situation is in conflict with the nationality law of the country of birth; the country in which the country resides has changed its regime or the territory has changed; there is no effective government in the area where it lives; it is deprived of nationality by its own government and driven away, No one receives it.
The most serious is the phenomenon of stateless people caused by ethnic conflicts and war. For example, the Rohingya in Myanmar and the Roma in many European countries (the Gypsies) are caused by racial or racial discrimination. Many people in refugee camps around the world do not have nationality.
The situation of stateless persons is very embarrassing and dangerous. They are not only unable to obtain citizenship in their place of residence (country of residence), but also have obstacles in education, marriage and property registration, and from time to time to deal with law enforcement officials. They cannot go abroad and often face the danger of being driven away. Stateless children are more likely to be kidnapped, trafficked or sexually assaulted.
Compared with these large-scale stateless people, those Westerners who have gone to the “Islamic State” are considered to be “very few”, but because of the special background, they have attracted public attention. As for the tens of millions of “invisible people” in the global village, who is their story telling?