In 1520, Suleiman became the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. This coincides with the historical turning point of European civilization: the feudal system is dying, and the darkness of the late Middle Ages is gradually being replaced by the radiance of the Renaissance; under the leadership of young monarchs with outstanding personal abilities, a more mature and civilized country is emerging.
The 16th century belonged to Charles V and the Habsburg dynasty, François I and the French Valois, Henry VIII and the Tudor dynasty in England. Now, these three powerful monarchs have another colleague who can compete with them – the 26-year-old Suleiman Sultan known as “Solomon second.”
In the Western world, Suleiman will become an important part of the balance of power in the Christian world; in the Islamic world of the East, he will gain tremendous glory.
Angel from heaven
In the eyes of the Muslims, the “Ten” is a blessed number: a person has ten fingers, ten toes and ten senses, the Qur’an is divided into ten parts, the Torah is ten, and the Prophet Muhammad has ten disciples. The paradise of Islam has ten heavens and is guarded by ten angels.
Suleiman happened to be the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, and his rule began again in the tenth century of the Islamic calendar. The Eastern world traditionally believes that a great man will emerge at the beginning of every century, and Suleiman is such a great man. He is the “perfect person of perfect numbers” and an angel from heaven.
Due to the fall of Constantinople and the follow-up conquest of Mohammed II, the Western countries had to take the Ottoman Turks offensively. They realized that the threat of the Ottoman Empire was not temporary, they must use both military and diplomatic means to deal with it.
For the various states of Italy, the potential threat of the Ottomans and the rumors of the Ottoman secret alliance have become very useful diplomatic weapons. In this era of religious fanaticism, many people believe that the invasion of the Turks will be a sacred trial of the sins of Europeans.
Thanks to a series of well-arranged marriages and coincident deaths, Charles V’s imperial territory extends from the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean, covering the Netherlands, Germany, Austria and Spain. It also includes the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Sicily and its strongholds in Mexico and Peru. The Austrian territory inherited by Charles V was separated from the threat of the Turks by an Alpine mountain; under the rule of Suleiman, the threat of the Turks will increase.
Lily and the New Moon Alliance
Although Charles V became more and more aware of the threat of the Turks, he now has a more direct enemy: France’s François I. He defeated François I in the competition and was elected as the Holy Roman Emperor.
Shortly after Suleiman’s accession to the throne, Charles V and Brançois I openly fought. In this way, Muslims are not always the common enemy of Christian countries, but they often become potential welcome allies.
At this time, François I discovered this truth. Although he once advocated the Crusades organized by the Pope against the Turks, he soon began to seek support from the Turks. This is because they have a common enemy – the Habsburg dynasty. Based on the political interests of both parties, François I secretly contributed to this “alien of the gods and the new moon.” At first he was treacherously trying to prevent the Christian world from discovering this alliance.
However, despite the interruptions and twists and turns, this alliance eventually lasted for more than 300 years. Suleiman repeatedly sponsored François I, who provided him with 100,000 Daket gold coins in 1533 to help him unite England and the German aristocracy against Charles V. Two years later, François I had another 1 million Daket gold coins. He once admitted to the messengers of Venice that he believed that the Ottoman Empire was the only force that allowed European countries to survive the threat of the Habsburg emperor.
Whenever Charles V accused François I of the pro-Muslim attitude, François I would publicly promise to join the Crusades, and then excuse him through his special envoy in Istanbul. The shrewd Sudan accepted his explanation because he knew very well that the French needed the help of the Ottomans very much, and his own foreign policy was also built around this cornerstone.
Thus, in the 16th century, Suleiman played the role of balancing the situation in Europe, and this role raised the strength and prestige of the Ottoman Empire, both in the military and in diplomacy.
Who is the “master of the times”
The early record of the new Sultan came from a Venetian messenger, Bardo Romeo Contalini. He wrote a few weeks after Suleiman’s ascension: “He is 25 years old, tall, thin and strong, with a soft expression. His neck is a bit too long, his face is a bit too thin, and he has an eagle hook nose. He There is a little beard on his lips and a mustache on his chin. However, his appearance is still pleasant, although his skin color is slightly pale. It is said that he is a wise monarch who loves learning and everyone expects His rule will bring good days.”
Suleiman was educated at the court school in Istanbul, and most of the time he was exposed to the civilized lifestyle and the daily affairs of the court. He also received the respect and love of the people of Istanbul and Edirne.
He has served as the governor of the three provinces, and is therefore very good at administrative affairs. In this way, he grew up to be a cultivator who has both broad-based vision and practical skills. He is not only a doer, but also very elegant and cultural, innocent to the Renaissance era in which he lived. In addition, he has a religious belief, which shapes his kind and inclusive character, and he can’t find his father’s enthusiasm at all.
Most importantly, he values his identity as the leader of the “believers.” Like his ancestors, he also abides by the Gazi tradition, so from the beginning of his position, he wants Christians to teach their military capabilities. His father, Selim, mainly established his career in the East, and he wanted to conquer the West.
In the West, Suleiman’s expansionary vision is broader than his ancestor “Conqueror Muhammad”. Suleiman, fascinated by the story of Alexander the Great, like Iskander, wants to build a great empire that dominates the land and people of the East and West. In order to build a world empire that can stand shoulder to shoulder with the Alexander Empire, he must allow the Ottoman Empire to break through the fringe of Eastern Europe and extend to the heart of the Holy Roman Empire in Central Europe.
The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V was so aggressive that he wanted to be the “Lord of the Times” and let the Ottoman monarch eclipse him. Suleiman is determined to fight against him in Central Europe, defeat him and seize his land.
Suleiman’s strategy is to go hand in hand. On land, his goal is to serve as the Hungarian kingdom of the Habsburg dynasty’s territorial barrier; at sea, his goal is the Christian-controlled islands and the coastlines of Spain and North Africa. His most direct goal is the goal that the “Conqueror Muhammad” failed to capture – Belgrade City and Rhode Island.