In the Persian Gulf region where oil-rich countries are concentrated, Dubai is a emirate in the small desert country “United Arab Emirates”. The oil resources are not abundant and are quickly exhausted. But its coastal port city of Dubai, and the southwestern direction of Abu Dhabi on a T-shaped island, shoulder to shoulder the two most populous and bustling cities in the UAE.
Similar to Las Vegas and Phoenix in the United States, Dubai is built entirely on a desert. The climate here is extremely harsh except for winter. From April to October every year, the outdoor temperature is often close to 50 degrees. When the pan is placed in the sun, the eggs can be fried.
However, the road to nowhere in the sky, Dubai relies on its own business acumen to embark on a successful development path similar to Hong Kong, Singapore and other port cities. Dubai Port, ranked among the world’s top ten container ports, is the largest free trade port in the Middle East, especially known for its developed re-export trade.
Outstanding position in ports and aviation hubs
In the UAE, which has long been protected and bilingual in the UK, Dubai businessmen can speak fluent English. This is an essential element of all international trade centres. However, the US military in Qatar and Bahrain has “accepted” and there is no comparable port competitor in the entire Middle East. It is the acquired advantage of Dubai.
Dubai’s proximity to the Persian Gulf exit, based on the free trade advocated by the chiefs of the past, has attracted businessmen from the surrounding areas (including the former Soviet Union and Africa) to form a regional and global transit trade network. The Dubai Port Authority now operates more than 60 ports worldwide and also operates real estate and tourism.
A circular river flowing into the Dubai River (actually a trench) divides the urban area of Dubai into two parts. The desert on the east is the old town that symbolizes the history of Dubai, and the west is the new Bur Dubai.
Port Rashid (Dubai Port), officially opened in 1970, is located at the northern end of Bur Dubai, not far from the Dubai International Airport in the Old Town. Dubai Port is a leader in the use of high-tech in international ports. The speed of loading and unloading is among the highest in the world, and it provides a variety of advanced cargo control systems and logistics management systems.
In the southern suburbs of Dubai, Port Jebel Ali is the world’s largest man-made port. It was put into operation in 1979 and merged with Rashid Port in 1991. The duty-free zone around Jebel Ali Port is large, and thousands of foreign companies stationed in the company are exempt from corporate tax and individual taxes. It is a ship repair center in the Gulf region, with a dry dock of millions of tons, and nearby Al Maktoum International Airport (planned to expand into the world’s largest cargo airport).
In addition to the developed seaports, Dubai’s aviation hub status is even more famous, with the annual passenger traffic ranking third in the world. The UAE is sparsely populated, and such a large passenger flow is fully benefited from the international transit business. There are a large number of Asian and African passengers every day, taking the Dubai-based Emirates Airlines (with Etihad Airways based in Abu Dhabi, the same as the “Middle East three major local aviation”), after transiting through Dubai, then continue to Final destinations in Europe, Africa and South America.
Thanks to the status of aviation hubs, Dubai’s international convention and exhibition economy has also made a splash. Like Qatar, a natural gas rich country across the sea, Dubai is also the gateway to the Arab world and the West. And every year it passes through all the hotels, the city tax collected from the visitors is a huge income.
Today, more than 90% of the UAE’s oil reserves are located in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, but more than 40% of the population is in the Emirate of Dubai, and 70% of the non-oil trade passes through Dubai. In 2008, the Dubai real estate bubble burst and Abu Dhabi paid a fortune to support Dubai. In recent years, the turmoil in the Arab countries has made Dubai a safe haven, and it has won the right to host the 2020 World Expo.
Planning ahead, building cool
Dubai’s urban construction and management level is very high, fully reaching or even surpassing the level of first-class developed countries. Local people travel by car and passengers rely on taxis and light rails. Dubai’s coast is full of hotels and tourist and leisure facilities. Sheikh Zaid Avenue, parallel to the coastline, is a busy main road (the light rail is also laid overhead along the main road), and some sections reach two-way 16 lanes. Such a century-old plan that is not outdated is indeed rare.
According to the plan, by 2030, 25% of Dubai’s road transport will achieve intelligent driverless driving. According to reports, Dubai will also build the Hyperloop super high-speed rail, which is expected to begin operations in 2020, connecting Dubai and the capital Abu Dhabi.
Along the various sites of Dubai Light Rail, there are many bustling shopping centers. The Mall of the Emirates, which houses ski resorts, is known as the world’s largest and most prosperous shopping mall with a shopping area of 220,000 square meters. In fact, China has a large number of new large-scale shopping malls in recent years, all of which are larger than this specification. More than ten kilometers to the northeast, the Dubai Mall near Burj Khalifa was built earlier, and it was super-popular in that year.
The public buildings in Dubai are very beautifully decorated. The ground is almost all high-grade granite marble. The light rail walls are all inlaid with stainless steel. The partitions on the platform are also stainless steel strips. They are more beautiful than the latest subway stations in China. less.
The most famous building in Dubai is the world’s number one Burj Khalifa, with a height of 828 meters. At least the last 10 years have no buildings to exceed; the buildings ranked 2nd, 3rd and 4th are all in Shanghai Lujiazui, the height gap Not small. Burj Khalifa is a collection of engineering companies from more than 100 countries around the world.
On the beach not far from the light rail INTERNET CITY station, you can see the Sailing Hotel (Arabian Tower Hotel) and several palm islands built by hand-filled sea, including Palm Jumeirah, the Palm of Jebel Ali and the World Islands. According to reports, the world’s archipelago has become the world’s largest unfinished project due to huge debt and foundation sinking. Haihua Island, built by Evergrande in Chenzhou City, Hainan, China, is a model of Dubai’s Palm Island.
The operators of Dubai, in order not to let the people of the earth forget the existence of Dubai, do not come to travel consumption, every few years will burst out of news, to make a strange building. Just like building a CCTV building in Beijing, China has a small waist, Hefei has a drum-type building, Suzhou has a “East Gate” building, and many cities plan to build the world’s tallest building with the same purpose as Dubai. The world’s eye, attracting investment and tourists, and vigorously develop a service-oriented economy.
“Folding” of Dubai
Among the permanent residents of Dubai, indigenous Arabs account for about 20%, and the remaining 80% are foreigners, mainly from South Asia, the Philippines, Africa, Europe and other places, including more than 300,000 Chinese. The apex indigenous people, using the same free port policy as Hong Kong and Singapore, have attracted many foreign business offices, financial institutions and tourists.
Compared with the wealth of the Saudi aristocrats, ordinary people are not very rich. Dubai is the wealth that the chieftain (“Mingjun” Rashid Bin Saeed Al Maktoum died in 1990). Free distribution to your own people.
The renting and hotel expenses here are the same as those of Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen. The electricity bill is even more expensive. Local people basically live in villas allocated by the state, drive luxury cars, hire South Asian labor to irrigate lawns, and plant flowers. Las Vegas in the United States is mostly artificial, and plastic grass is basically used instead of lawn. Dubai will not be so low-level.
A building on Dubai Street is owned by an indigenous landlord, and the annual rent is very impressive. For foreigners to set up a company, they need a local guarantor, which will cost 10,000 dirhams a year; an indigenous person can guarantee up to 20 companies and earn 200,000 dirhams a year. Every year the annual review of the government, he only needs to sign and draw.
Local life children are rewarded, free to go to school, and want to go to the West to study is free, not to mention medical treatment. The UAE stipulates that domestic women are not allowed to marry foreigners. Foreign women can marry their own nationals, but they do not give nationality for life. Only children who have children can enjoy nationality and welfare. It is no wonder that the indigenous people of the United Arab Emirates are the same as the relocated households in Shenzhen.
The nationals are basically working in the government, schools, the military, the police, and the customs. The work in other societies is largely borne by foreign workers. The work visa here can be handled by spending money, and anyone can come. Security guards, taxi drivers, and cleaners are mostly Pakistani and Bangladeshi; the hotel’s front desk, bar and restaurant receptionist are all Filipino women.
To apply for these jobs, you must first pay a sum of money. Approximately 6000 dirhams can be given a visa. The monthly salary is about 2,500 dirhams (equivalent to RMB 4,500), and 10 people are “group rented” in a single room.
The office and trade staff in the office building are mostly Indians and Chinese. The monthly salary is between 10,000 and 20,000 dirhams, which can afford a small apartment. Since foreigners are passengers in Dubai, they will never get nationality and welfare. The houses here are less people to buy, and there are more people to rent. The “rental-to-sale ratio” returns very well.
Those who hold a work visa are required to undergo a physical examination each time they are new or renewed. Once it was found that there were infectious diseases such as hepatitis, tuberculosis and AIDS, it was immediately expelled. This is not like some Western countries, but also a humanitarian complaint.
The most bitter is the construction workers on the construction site, and the operators in the factory, with a monthly salary of 800-1200 dirhams. Most of these people are small migrant workers in Pakistan. They are too poor to even pay for work visas. They can only be paid by the boss and can only accept the minimum wage. These Pakistani small migrant workers, many of whom are 20 people, live in a shed (with air conditioning, or hot people); do not pack food every day, do batter, potato paste, do a pot at a time, eat for three days.
These small migrant workers, brothers and sisters are basically 6 to 10; daily hard work from morning to night is harder than the Chinese migrant workers in Guangzhou in the 1980s; after 2 years, ask the boss for a vacation, go home and The wife reunion for 2 months, in case of bad luck, the wife will have the possibility of pregnancy after 2 years; when she is in her 30s, she will go home to farm, and earning money back to Pakistan is still a fortune.
Excellent law and order, expensive online
Dubai has only a few rains a year, and the time of each rain is very short. Under the hot sun, the amount of evaporation is far greater than the amount of rain, causing the desert to become desertified. There are no rivers or reservoirs in the desert, and the landscape rivers in the cities are also attracted by the sea.
Going out in the summer, you can’t walk 50 meters away. Under the scorching sun, you have to race against the god of death, rushing to your destination, the scalp will burst into the sun, and the sweat will instantly soak you. Most of the local bus stations are equipped with air conditioning, and each shopping mall has a long closed gallery leading to an overhead light rail. In order to block the heat wave, the windows of almost all buildings in Dubai are sealed.
Dubai is on the sea and all tap water is solved by desalination. In daily life, people do not feel the scarcity of water at all. Water is more expensive than oil: a liter of gasoline 2.5 dirhams, equivalent to 4.5 yuan, and a bottle of water will only exceed 4.5 yuan in hotels and tourist shops.
The local food, vegetables and fruits are imported from neighboring South Asian or African countries. The prices and varieties are cheaper and richer than similar products in European and American supermarkets. Meat, milk, and juice are all from the farms and juice factories of the foreign-funded offices in the desert of the United Arab Emirates. The labor force of the foreign workers introduced in South Asia is extremely cheap, and the retail price is lower than that of similar products in Chinese supermarkets.
Dubai law and order is notoriously good, go to the supermarket to buy things, the suitcase can be directly left at the door without waiting. In the Qur’an, “theft” is defined as a great sin. If the hand is stolen, the hand is cut. Although the government does not use such a law under the influence of Western civilization, the punishment is also very strict.
There are many cameras here, security guards everywhere, and police efficiency is said to be high (the official is expected to increase the number of robot police officers to 25% of the total number of police officers by 2030). People who are mainly Muslims will not commit crimes, and other foreign workers will not dare.
The local men in Dubai dress are white robes and white headscarves, and women are black robes and black headscarves. All kinds of fashion clothes in the shopping center are mostly prepared for tourists. Here, don’t talk to local women easily and ask for directions. Many unfamiliar people who meet strangers will be shocked and misunderstood and even call the police. It is also unclear to the court.
In addition, the Internet in Dubai is also strictly controlled. On the public network, you have to fill in a lot of personal information. WeChat voice and video are all banned. Internet access is also very expensive. It is a felony for anyone to marry the royal family on the Internet. The result is imprisonment plus a huge fine.
However, Dubai is not as conservative as Iran and Saudi Arabia, and women enjoy equal access to education and employment opportunities. Foreigners in Dubai also enjoy a free personal lifestyle.
The revelation of Dubai’s success
From a barren and hot desert to a highly prosperous Middle East trade center, Dubai is inseparable from its superior coastal location, first-class port and aviation hub, and the software benefits from the government’s grand blueprint planning and First-class management level, national bilingual education, and a highly open policy from beginning to end, such as the visa-free policy for most countries (exemption from China in 2017).
Many places in Dubai are exempt from tax on foreign companies that are stationed, and work visas are issued as long as they are paid. Due to their convenience, a large number of engineering companies and traders in China like to have their business headquarters in the Middle East, Africa and even Europe in Dubai. In 2002, the UAE amended the law to allow foreigners to obtain permanent real estate ownership in Dubai. A large number of immigrants from various countries have moved to Dubai, bringing huge amounts of capital. Even Iranian immigrants have invested more than 200 billion US dollars in the local area.
Dubai’s implementation of the same free financial policies as Hong Kong and Singapore has the potential to become an international financial centre. Dubai has a range of special duty-free zones, including the Aviation Free Zone, Network City, Media City, Car and Engine Free Zone, Gold and Diamond Trading Park, Metals and Commodities Trading Center, Knowledge Village, Health City and Textile City.
Hainan, China, has also been given the status of an international free trade zone by the central government, and it is envisaged that it will become an international trade center like Dubai in the future. At present, Hainan’s port and airport expansion are in progress, and many countries have implemented visa-free policies, but how to emulate Dubai in financial policies and tax-free policies is a problem.
In addition, Dubai does not have any luxury customs duties, and the natural price is lower than domestic. Due to the high customs tariffs on luxury goods, a large number of Chinese people have traveled abroad for tourism, which has caused great damage to the domestic economy. Now the customs rely on the airport for strict investigation and fines, and cannot solve the problem fundamentally. How to keep such a huge consumption capacity of the Chinese people in the country is also worthy of attention from relevant departments.