What is the survival of the Japanese emperor system?

Heisei Emperor Akihito made a speech in 2017, hoping to pass it to Prince Edward in his lifetime. Later, the Japanese government proposed to the National Assembly the “Special Law of the Royal Family Models on the Abandonment of the Emperor”, and the Japanese political circles began to closely prepare for the important measures such as the abdication of the Emperor, the promulgation of the New Year and the date of the reform.

The Emperor’s “abandonment before his death” was not uncommon in ancient Japanese history, but it was the first time in 200 years. On April 1 this year, the Japanese government issued the New Year’s number “Land and Peace”, which means “beautiful peace.” Emperor Akihito officially abdicated at the end of April, ending the 31-year-old Heisei era. On May 1st, the yuan was changed, and the new era was started.

Deposit mechanism
The Mikado system is the Japanese monarchy and is a national system centered on the Emperor. We can find the origin of the Mikado system from the ancient books such as the “History of the Ancients” and “The Book of Japan”.

The records of the Emperor Pedigree in these books are mixed with many myths and legends. For example, the ancestor of the Emperor’s ancestor, “The Heavenly Sun” comes from the sun god “Azure God” in Japanese mythology. From the records of the Emperor Wu of the 7th century BC, to Emperor Akihito, a total of 125 generations, more than 2,600 years, can be described as “everything in the world.” Of course, it has historical facts, but there are also myths and legends.

The history of Japanese written records has a late origin, and may appear in the middle and late stages of the ancient tombs of the introduction of Chinese writing systems (from the middle of the 3rd century to the beginning of the 8th century). More reliable is the historical materials cited in the same period of Chinese classics – such as “Three Kingdoms”, the old and new “Tang Shu” and “Tong Dian”.

In the early days of Japan, it was called “WO” in the history books of China, and “Wei Shu” had the biography of the historians. The “National Kingdom” of “New Tang Book” contains: “(Gao Zong) Xianheng first year (670 years), sent to Heping Gaoli. After a little Xia Yin, evil name, more Japanese. Messenger said, the country recently The name of the “Employer” is reliable. It confirms the reason for the name change and the origin of its new name. The credible name of the country is slightly before the Tang Dynasty.

The Mikado system has always maintained the supreme influence in the fields of spirit, culture and faith.

Japan’s 80th Emperor – Takakura Emperor

After the country’s name, it will of course give the monarch a name. During the Han Dynasty, the Japanese islands were all over the country. The monarchs were first called “king”, “king” or “king”. In the middle of the 7th century, Emperor Xiaode’s promulgation of “Renovation of the New Emperor” began with “Dahua Reform”, and introduced the law system from China to the imperial court system. The Emperor changed the name to “Emperor” and the Emperor became the core of the court. Emperor Formally formed. At the beginning of the 8th century, the Dahe court issued the “Dabao Formulation” (701), which was in the name of “Ming Shen Yu Yu Japanese Emperor”, indicating that the title of “Emperor” was established.

In the two periods of Nara and Ping An from the end of the 8th century to the end of the 12th century, the Emperor system reached the peak of its operation. Even so, the Mikado system is not an absolute monarchy, and it is often indirect rule by guiding the specific governing regency and customs. In the latter part, due to the rise of Wujia politics, the Emperor even began to lose political power.

Since then, the emperor system has been in a disadvantage for two years in Kamakura and Muromachi. In the Warring States Period, when the group was divided, the royal family was inexhaustible. In many cases, it was necessary to support the princes to survive. For example, Oda Nobunaga once threatened the then Emperor of the Emperor, and forced him to give way to Prince Renren. Because the Prince is the biological father of Oda Nobunaga, Oda hopes that the adopted son will one day become a Emperor.

In the Edo period of more than 260 years, the Emperor’s family was strictly controlled by the Tokugawa shogunate, and they were idle and dismissed. They were completely out of power and decided to die.

However, due to the miraculous nature of the Mikado system, any martial arts or shogunate that is in charge of real power needs the proper endorsement of the rule of the emperor. That is to say, in ancient Japan, the emperor system may not be the carrier of power itself, but it is the legitimate source of any power structure. The deposit mechanism of the Mikado system lies in its belief in the type of superpower, which is at least supported and respected by those in power. Therefore, the Emperor system has maintained the supreme influence in the fields of spirit, culture and faith.

In the late Edo Shogunate, the Japanese society was under the threat of the Western powers. The people of insight in the ruling and opposition circles were full of worries about the shogunate’s response measures, and began to raise the curtain of the “respect for the king and the devotee”, which made the emperor system alive and eventually regained. Rule power.

After the success of the curtain, the Meiji government implemented the constitutional monarchy, formulated the imperial constitution, and established the head of state to be the actual rule of the emperor. Especially after the positioning of the “national Shinto”, the original character of the emperor system was strengthened into the “now god” and became the core of the emerging ideology. Before the “Pacific War” and its wartime, the Japanese emperor system was used by the Japanese government to effectively mobilize and implement nationalism and militarism. After the war, it experienced a severe test of survival.

The blood of the Japanese royal family must have the blood of non- royalty, and even the blood of neighboring people. The picture shows that on December 23, 2018, Emperor Akihito celebrated his 85th birthday, and members of the royal family accepted the blessing of the people.

The US occupation authorities, for their post-war global distribution strategy, preserved the emperor system in a new post-war post-war constitution by returning the emperor system to a virtual position. Since then, Emperor’s production has become a symbol of the integration of the state and the nation and continues to be the main cornerstone of the Japanese political system.

Emperor system and bloodline
Kyoto University professor Ueda Masahiro (1927-2016) published in the book “The Guihua People” published in 1965, the birth mother of the 50th generation Emperor Wu of the Emperor (781-806) was the Wuyi Kingdom of the Korean Peninsula. Descendants of the king.

This argument was strongly protested by the right-wingers at the time. They clamored for “How can the royal family mix into the blood of the Koreans?” They wrote to Ueda and called them “the national thief” (Japanese version of “the traitor”), cursing that they “have to be punished” and asked them to “roll.” Going to Beijing University.” The atmosphere of chilling reminded Ueda that it was chilling after many years of recollection.

At the end of 2001, Emperor Akihito once said in a speech: “For the “Seventh of the Japanese”, the birth of Emperor Wu of the Emperor Wu is the descendant of the Wuyi Wang of Baekje, and I feel the affair with South Korea.”

The word “by the edge” is closer to the Chinese “blood pro”, and English can be translated as “kinship”; the Emperor’s statement has more sensibility than the objective theory of Ueda. The “Asahi Shimbun” and the South Korean media responded positively to the goodwill released by the Emperor’s talks, while the mainstream domestic media such as “Yomiuri Shimbun”, “Sankei Shimbun”, “Daily News”, etc., seem to have coordinated the general, to the Emperor The statement of “being by the edge” is indifferent and presents an atmosphere of ambiguity.

Japanese politicians and politicians, who hold traditional conservative concepts and right-wing insights, emphasize the pedigree of the Mikado system and advocate that the royal family’s “noble bloodlines cannot be cut off.” Dongxiang and Dongren, professors of Dongda University, once discussed the theme of “Where is the king of the emperor”, and believe that not only the emperor system, but the entire Japanese society, the concept of bloodlines has always been thin.

He said that in the traditional agricultural society of Japan, the concept of “home” is not necessarily related to “bloodliness.” He takes the “foster child” system of Japanese society as an example: the son of course inherits his father’s business, but in the case of a family without a son, the daughter and even the son-in-law inherit the family business frequently; the family without children will welcome the bloodless relationship. Raising children to inherit the family business.

The inheritance of the Japanese family is in principle not bound by blood. The scholar Xin Baobo used the example of about 5,000 people in the Tokugawa shogunate (the flag) to point out that 23% of them were inherited from the family. Another scholar, Reiko Tsuyuki, also cited the example of the family of the Kasuga family in the 18th century, pointing out that the inheritance rate of the adopted child was as high as 36%. These examples show that Japanese society generally defies the bloodline; the pure bloodline theory of the royal family is only the wishful thinking of the right wing.

There must be a bloodline of the royal family in the royal lineage, and even the blood of neighboring people. Reading “The Tale of Genji” will have a sensible understanding of the blood relationship of the ancient Emperor family.

Why do you survive?
A nation-state composed of individuals needs to have a unified national character to survive in the world, and the maintenance of this unified nationality requires a condensation point, which is generally governed by the Constitution in the United States. In Japan, the Mikado system is considered to be a kind of The greatest national cohesion.

The difference between the Mikado system and the European royal system is that the Japanese regard the emperor as a moral model, and need the sorrow and worry of the ancestors, and the happiness of the people. The Emperor emperor does not become the focus of fashion and the focus of worldly entertainment, as many European royal families, but the ideal of life for the entire nation, and the projection of the ideal of the nation. Therefore, many Japanese scholars believe that the “spiritual emperor system” is the essence of “symbolizing the emperor system.”

The eldest son of Mingren and Michiko, Deren, will be the new emperor on May 1.

Not only the emperor system, but the entire Japanese society, the concept of bloodlines has always been thin.

The biggest difficulty that the Mikado system has encountered in history is that there has been no institutional reform of the Japanese society since the Second World War. The Emperor system was eventually saved and is generally considered to have the following reasons:

First, Emperor Showa accepted the “sacred break” of the Potsdam Proclamation and avoided the worst ending of “100 million jade” and “local decisive battle.” At that time, there were still 3 million troops stationed in Japan and 2 million overseas troops. Most of them can continue to participate in the war. In view of the fierce resistance of the Saipan and Okinawa Japanese forces, the US military once believed that the occupation of Japan will certainly pay a high price. In his Memoirs, MacArthur pointed out that at least 1 million soldiers were needed to occupy Japan. As a result, the US military almost did not lose one soldier and died. MacArthur’s positive comments on the contribution of the emperor’s survival to Japan’s democratization and peacefulness after the war, praised “the Showa Emperor’s way of thinking about democracy than any Japanese.”

Second, the preservation of the Mikado system is also in line with the main public opinion of the Japanese people after the war.

Third, after the war, the emperor himself deeply introspected and took responsibility. With his great symbolic significance, he visited the place and inspired the people and became the spiritual pillar of Japan’s reconstruction. Max’s “Memoirs” mentioned his many meetings with the Emperor and praised the Emperor “has played a huge role in the spiritual resurrection of Japan. The sincere cooperation and influence of the Emperor is a great factor in the success of the occupation.”

Fourth, the emperor became a symbol of unity between the state and the people, and was once again shaped into a moral symbol that transcends the interests of the group and the party, namely, the spirit of fairness, selflessness, compassion and introspection. “The symbol of the emperor system” is a kind of irreplaceable centripetal force for many Japanese people, just like the existence of Mount Fuji. Although Emperor Showa was “deified” by the US occupation authorities after the war, he also published a “human declaration” and declared himself a “mortal”. However, the emperor system especially “symbolizes the emperor system” and is a “migrant god” in Japan. “The pre-war wartime is called “the current god”). The religious authority is deeply rooted and still has the appeal beyond any individual and party.

For these reasons, coupled with the Japanese royal family’s efforts to maintain interaction with the times and to create a positive image of introversion and closeness to the people, the emperor system is indispensable in Japanese society, especially in transcending political parties and group interests, maintaining national unity and political stability. The lack of cohesive force will continue to play a role for a long time to come.