Scholars who study the history of robots have found that the automatic devices that humans have been pursuing for thousands of years have three basic uses: labor, sex and entertainment. These types of artificial life are presented in ancient myths and legends. The creation of adult-shaped automatic devices can expand human capabilities, can confuse people, intimidate people, and can also be used for deception and killing. Pygmalion and his nude ivory woman statue tell the story of a sex robot.
The story of Galatea
This story is the most vivid of Ovid. In The Metamorphosis, Ovid said that the young sculptor Pygmalion hated the ugly woman in reality, so he carved a pure woman for himself. Later generations often describe it as marble. In Greek mythology, it is made of ivory, a warmer, more living material. This ivory virgin is very beautiful, Pygmalion immediately ignited the fire, he touched the perfect body with awe and lust, imagined that if he tried hard, it would really leave a bruised mark on the skin. He gave the ivory niece a colorful shell, colorful flowers, beads and amber, and said it to the love story. He put on clothes, put on a gemstone ring, and hang a necklace. He prayed to the goddess in the temple of the god of love to make his “woman’s phantom” become true.
Pygmalion returned home, and under his kiss, the statue became warmer, and under his touch, the ivory skin was also elastic. Under the caress of the creator, the statue opened his eyes and his cheeks were red. Aphrodite responded to the sculptor’s prayers.
It is worth noting that Pygmalion’s work is not an automatic device, it can become a person, thanks to the goddess. This is a cliché in ancient mythology.
Modern people often interpret Pygmalion’s story as romantic love, which is actually a disturbing narrative about the first female sex artificial intelligence in Western history. Ovid did not tell us whether Pygmalion’s passive, nameless, living doll was conscious and able to make a sound, even though she was “red cheeks”. Has Aphrodite turned this perfect female statue into a real woman with independent thoughts, or is it more “simulated”? The story says that the statue is described as an idealized woman, more perfect than a woman in reality, so the replica of Pygmalion “beyond the limits of humanity” and the “human” mentioned in the movie “The Blade Runner” A more human-like alternative to sex is very similar. Ovid did not say that its skin and body feel like life, but to compare her skin with beeswax, to become warmer, softer and more accessible.
Ovid ended this myth with the wedding of Pygmalion and his nameless living sculpture, adding that they also gave birth to a daughter Paphos, a reproductive miracle used to prove that the idealized statue became Real, biological woman. The film “Blade Runner 2049” also has a similar reproductive miracle. It is always impossible to make a daughter by copying Rachel’s “physiology”.
In the story of Pygmalion, Ovid cites an earlier account of the loss that has now been lost, including the version of Philostephanus in Alexandria, which the historian wrote in him. A more complete version of the book on Cyprus history from 222-206 BC is described. Later, a Christian writer, Anobubi, said that Pygmalion carved a sculpture like the goddess Aphrodite and made love with it. The visual evidence of Pygmalion in the classical era was not preserved today. Many medieval visual evidences show that Pygmalion is communicating with his ivory statues. This type of story has a single religious precept: against idolatry.
In the 18th century, the storytellers in Europe finally gave the statue of Pygmalion a name “galatea”, meaning milky white. In the long river of history, the story of Pygmalion continued to multiply. Numerous mythological stories, plays, novels and other works of art.
A tapestry depicting the story of Pygmalion in the Middle Ages.
Doll control has an ancient history
In the story of Pygmalion, ivory sculptures are clearly carved for sexual purposes. But in the classical era, Pygmalion’s ivory woman was not the only creation that allowed viewers to have sexual connections. The doll control “Agalmatophilia” has an old and long
According to the old Pliny, the statue of Aphrodite of Nidos has aroused the lust of men. This statue is the work of Greek outstanding sculptor Praxitles in around 350 BC and is also Greek. The first nude female statue in the history of art. Pliny said that many people came to Nidos to watch the statue. It is not only the best work of Praxitles, but also the best work in the world at the time. Old Pliny said that the statue was also damaged by beauty. Some men deliberately came to the goddess of the goddess at night, and the smudges on the marble statue exposed their desires.
The sage of Ariane, Apollonis (a man of almost his contemporaries with Jesus), explains why people would fall in love with the statue of Aphrodite, telling the myths and legends that the secrets of the gods and mortals ended in tragedy. This shows that it is reasonable for humans to fall in love with sculpture. In the 2nd century AD, Andros’s wise man, Onomarcus, wrote a fictional letter in the name of “a man who fell in love with the statue.” In the letter, this frustrated lover, cursing the statue he loves, will also hang Daddy. According to the Greek writer Adenauus in the 2nd century AD, a man hid in the locked temple of Samos, trying to relate to the sexy marble statue. The cold and hard marble naturally made him difficult to succeed.
Most doll control is a relationship between a man and a female statue, but there are also some sad stories about women, such as the poor widow Laodamia. Her beloved husband, Prote Silos, died in the Trojan War. The earliest known version of the story of La Odamia was the tragedy of Euripides in the 5th century BC, but the script has now been lost. Ovid’s version is in the form of a letter written by Ladoga Mia to her husband Prote Silos.
Ovid’s story is this: soon after the wedding, Prote Silos traveled with the Greek army to Troy, and Lagodamia longed for her husband to come back soon. Every night, she embraced a wax-sized person. The Prote Silos copied the statue to sleep. Ovid said that the statue was made for love, not for war. This replica is very realistic, and it can be said that it is Prot Silos.
In another version of the story, after Prote Silos was killed, the gods pity the bitter couple, giving him a precious three hours before Plot Silos returns to the underground world forever. Meet your wife. After the death of her husband, the grief-stricken Lagodamia pinned all her emotions on a husband’s painted bronze statue. She gave the statue various gifts and kept kissing it. One night, the maid saw that the young widow was embracing a man with enthusiasm, because the statue was too real, and the maid thought that Ladoga had a lover and ran to tell the father of Lagodamia. The father of Raodamia broke into her daughter’s room and found the bronze statue of her dead husband. The desperate father threw the statue into the burning woodpile, hoping to end her painful torture, but Lagodaya also As the statue fell into flames, it burned to death.
In essence, we are all robots.
In ancient civilizations, not only Greece, Rome, the story of sex robots. A woman robot that is difficult to make is appearing in Buddhist legends. This story is from the important book “The Great Events” of Buddhism in India. This collection of oral legends was compiled between the 2nd century BC and the 4th century AD. The Sri Lankan, Tibetan, Chinese, and Spitfire versions of this classic all mention an outstanding mechanical inventor who made a cute, real-life girl to show off his skills.
The inventor invited a foreign, respected painter to come to the house, a painter known for his highly realistic style. The inventor’s hospitality was very comprehensive. At night, the painter returned to the room prepared for him and was surprised to find that a beautiful girl was preparing to serve him. The girl was humble and shy, bowed her head, but went to him and put the painter’s hand in her arms. The painter noticed that the jewelry brooch worn by the girl’s chest was ups and downs with her breath, and naturally felt that this was a real person. But who is she? Is the relative of the owner? wife? sisters? daughter? Still a maid? The painter has been thinking about how morally dangerous this young woman is in making love in his room.
In the end, the painter decided to succumb to the desire, then cuddle the girl, and suddenly the girl in her arms was scattered, and the clothes, limbs, cords and wedges were scattered on the ground. The painter realized that he was being played by an awkward man-made person. The painter felt embarrassed, and then he wanted to treat his own person with his own way. So the painter took out his own tools and painted a realistic perspective painting in the night. The protagonist in the painting is the painter himself. It looks very scary.
In the morning, the master was frightened by the scene he saw. He quickly reported the king and the minister, and the nearby people also came to watch the scene of the broken mechanical woman and the painter hanging up. The owner brought an axe to cut the rope and put the painter’s body down. At this time, the painter suddenly came out of the hiding place, and the onlookers laughed.
This Buddhist story shows that ancient Asia has achieved a high degree of realism in the fields of painting and machinery manufacturing. The story of the two artists fighting each other is also quite a few in Greek and Roman culture. But this Buddhist story also implies a philosophy that is not to be confused by the eyes. The mechanical woman without soul is the representative of all the material without soul. Buddhism tells us that, in essence, we are all mechanical people.
From doll control to robot control
In Greek and Latin classics, there are dozens of heterosexual and homosexual stories that fall in love with statues. The historian ER Trujt, who studies medieval robots, said that these stories and the legend of Pygmalion are about the parable of imitating creativity. In this way, humans can confuse artifacts and natural objects.
Classical era researcher Alex Cisco and clinical psychologist AJW Taylor pointed out that when the Greek and Roman sculpture art reached a high degree of realism and a high degree of idealization, the special abnormal sexual preference story increased. Beginning with the outstanding sculptor Praxitles in the late classical Greek period, a large number of humanoid statues appeared in the Greek world. They are life-size, very natural and amiable in form, clothing and posture. Beautiful, realistic coloring statues are not only everywhere in temples and public spaces, but are also completely open to the public, encouraging people to establish private connections with them.
The Greeks respect naked statues, and people often treat these nude statues like living people, bathe them, dress them, give them jewelry and other gifts. In 1975, Cisco and Taylor pointed out that in intimate relationships, the morbid worship of marble, ivory or waxy humanoid replicas was made possible because the skills of the genius sculpture artists of the classical era developed to an alarming level. . Like these two scholars, art historian George Hersey predicted in 2009 that anatomically highly realistic silicone sex dolls, bionic robots, and cyber-sex robotics with artificial intelligence will flourish. It will lead to the evolution of ancient sexual desires, “doll control” into a modern form of “robot control.”