Cold, fever, sore throat… The baby’s tonsils are inflamed again and again, so that my father and mother are both distressed and have a headache! What should I do to get the tonsils?
Where is the tonsil?
In the depths of the throat, there is a mysterious tissue composed of lymphoid tissue called the pharyngeal lymphatic ring. The pharyngeal lymphatic ring is composed of four parts of mutual communication: the pharyngeal tonsil (also known as adenoid) at the back of the nose, the lingual tonsil at the base of the tongue, the tonsil between the two arches, and the tonsil at the mouth of the eustachian tube. . Our so-called tonsils are the tonsils that are visible in the palate.
This is why the child is feverish, the doctor will always say to the children, “Come, look at the throat, ah…”, the purpose is to look at the tonsils.
Why is the tonsil always inflamed?
The tonsil is a lymphoid tissue that is located at the junction of the respiratory and digestive tracts and plays an important immune function. It captures harmful antigens, presents antigenic information to immune organs, and produces antibodies and cytokines to protect the body.
The immune system of infants and young children is not perfect. When bacteria and viruses invade, the tonsils are like soldiers guarding the palace. They are very important security guards for the human body.
However, due to the special location of the tonsils, it is also vulnerable to “double strikes”, especially when the temperature drops or the body’s immunity declines. At this time, the bacteria and viruses hidden in the surface of the tonsils or in the crypts will grow wildly on the tonsils, which will induce inflammation, which is called “tonmelitis.”
What if the tonsils are inflamed?
Tonsillitis is a common type of upper respiratory tract infection in children. Symptoms are sudden sore throat, high fever, chills and headaches. The tonsils are enlarged and the secretions are covered on the tonsils.
If the diagnosis is tonsillitis, the doctor will decide whether to take oral medication or infusion treatment according to the results of the examination and the condition. Viral tonsillitis is self-limiting, rest and drink plenty of water, plus antipyretic and analgesic treatment can heal itself. Bacterial tonsillitis requires antibiotic treatment. If it is caused by streptococcal infection, the antibiotic treatment should be at least 10 days. Do not stop using antibiotics because the body temperature is improved.
The tonsils are always inflamed and can be removed?
There are dozens of inwardly recessed crypts on the tonsils. These crypts help to increase the contact area between the tonsils and the outside world, which is beneficial to the tonsils in contact with more antigens. But these crypts are also a good place for bacteria to hide, which can cause repeated inflammation of the tonsils. So, can the re-inflamed tonsils be removed?
If the recurrent tonsillitis reaches the following conditions, consider removing the tonsils:
1. In the previous 1 year, tonsillitis occurred 7 or more times.
2. During the previous 2 years, tonsillitis occurred 5 or more times per year.
3. During the previous 3 years, tonsillitis occurred 3 or more times per year.
Or there are the following situations:
1. Tonsillitis has caused infection of the parapharyngeal space or abscess around the tonsils.
2. Unexplained hypothermia and other tonsil-derived diseases, such as acute nephritis with chronic tonsillitis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
3. Tonsils are hypertrophied, obstructing swallowing, breathing or vocalization; or children over 2 years of age who develop obstructive sleep apnea and sleep hypopnea syndrome.