Going out for a long trip, in addition to watching the famous attractions in the plan, perhaps everyone will have some alternative expectations, which may be the most beautiful encounter on the road. Some people smashed the camera and wanted to capture the most dazzling light and shadow; some people squirmed their tongues and wanted to linger with delicious food; others had huge sums of money to spread luxury stores; and I always wanted to go to the garden of the Westerners. Fan Pan.
I am obsessed with the garden. I didn’t start from today. When I was young, I was reading the books of the talents of the “Dream of the Red Chamber” and “The West Chamber”, and I was fascinated by the garden as a scene of the characters.
After I joined the job, almost all of my income was thrown into the road to the world famous garden. I visited the royal gardens in the north and the private gardens in Jiangnan and Lingnan. I checked the physical materials of the Chinese classical gardens that have survived to this day, and touched the souls of the past years that wandered between the mountains and rivers. I finally spent five years swimming myself into a full-fledged “poor light egg”, but my heart has become a rich humanity, full of green mountains and green mountains.
Garden in the Garden – Harmony Garden
When I was young, the country was not yet opened, but it was not possible to leave the European domain. Little is known about Western gardens. The only cognition comes from related literature and a small number of pictures. In the new century, the exchanges between China and the West have become more frequent, and they have a personal sense of Western classical gardens. Because of the difference between national character and culture, Chinese and Western gardens have moved from two very different paths from the beginning, showing a very different artistic style.
Only in the magnificent royal gardens of European countries, you can feel what is beautiful and swaying, people will become very small in an instant, like the humble grass in the magnificent palace. This is what their owners and builders hope to achieve. They have greatly increased the ratio of buildings and gardens to people, causing a huge psychological gap, allowing you to fear and worship the people who own it and surrender to power and capital while feeling insignificant. This is a common method for highlighting the authority of the emperor.
In fact, the construction of Chinese royal gardens is not the same, and it occupies a wider area. It seems to be not only a huge garden, but also a vast country. It not only needs to meet the needs of the royal family’s luxury life, but also to embed some political metaphors. By creating an artificial landscape, people can understand the truth that “there is no kingdom under the heavens,” and then accept the concept of imperial power and monarchical authority.
For example, the Summer Palace, which is magnificent, is still in the form of natural landscapes. It looks like the true mountain water. It feels nothing more than adding some artificial buildings between the natural landscapes. But in fact, it is an artificial work, Kunming Lake was excavated on the marshes, and Wanshou Mountain was built with earth and stone excavated from Kunming Lake.
However, China’s royal gardens are more artistic. Although it is also a beautiful and swaying overall momentum, the specific architecture and the scenery of the mountains and rocks are far less than the grandeur of the West Garden, and the proportion of people is more appropriate. This is the “pleasant” emphasized by Chinese classical gardens. The effect is to create an intimate relationship between people and scenery. Therefore, Emperor Qianlong would have to build a more pleasant garden in the northeast corner of the Summer Palace, which is as grand as the dragon skeleton. It is also a famous “harmony garden”.
The Harmony Garden is shaped like a Jiangnan garden. It is exquisite and elegant, making people feel like they are in the prosperous and gentle town of Jiangnan. Emperor Qianlong only felt that this is a good place for human beings, and it is a wonderful world with all kinds of fun and infinite taste. People need to feel comfortable in the garden, they can wait for it, and build a garden with no big friends. It is also meaningless to use it to scare the people. Therefore, although the Harmony Garden is part of the royal garden, it is small and exquisite, and has the temperament of a literati garden. Although in the North, it looks like a “Jiangnan.”
Therefore, even in the royal gardens, the Chinese can use the methods of spatialization and proportional adjustment to make people feel that they are not overly strong, and even get a friendly and harmonious experience, they can better understand the fun. . The name “harmony garden” is just the best footnote.
The wisdom of the gardening of the ancient Chinese is evident. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the technique of gardening has become the peak, and its construction techniques are richer and more varied. The people’s observations are more and more intent, and the style and mood are more different. Therefore, the Ming and Qing dynasties, especially in the Jiangnan area, have shown an ever-changing design layout.
Open layout of western gardens
The wisdom of the Westerners’ gardening is certainly quite good, but the ideas are different. Westerners are more extroverted, and they are quick and straightforward. They show an open layout in the garden. They are open and bright, with little ups and downs, and a wide view. The most representative royal garden is the Versailles Palace on the outskirts of Paris. It opens itself unreservedly, and stands out under the gaze of the sun and people’s eyes. I stood on the central axis a few kilometers away and the entire palace was in full view. The feeling of that moment is shock and sigh.
The West Park generally uses such flat-style composition, and the volume is even larger. Therefore, it is necessary to lay a central axis to guide the overall situation. Regardless of China or the West, large-scale gardens run through such a central axis, either explicit or hidden. Its role is to connect various gardening elements in a beaded manner, making it large and not scattered, thus showing an order. A natural harmony with a high degree of harmony.
The center axis of the West Park is straight and strong, consistently in the end. Just like the character of the Westerners, the intestines and intestines are all dissected into the sky, without any shackles and frankness. The central axis is symmetrically arranged on the lawn, flower beds, pools, sculptures and other gardening elements. The shape and volume are as precise as the mold casting. The distant view is like a butterfly’s wings enchantingly unfolding, reflecting the rigor of the gardener. Aesthetic intent with reason. Therefore, the Versailles Palace uses a typical central axis layout of the planned garden. Most of the western gardens are like this.
Westerners tend to be more casual and romantic in their lives, and they tend to be meticulous in their work, striving for quantification and precision, and are completely engaged in artistic creation with mathematical thinking. They believe that the ratio that determines beauty and elegance is proportional, and the ratio cannot be obtained by feeling alone. François Bronte, a French classicalist theorist, once stressed: “It must be mathematically formulated into a eternal and stable rule,” and thus it is their rule to become their garden creed. To ensure that the “proportion of beauty and elegance” is the most appropriate.
They also implanted geometric concepts in mathematics into garden creation. Plants basically do not see the form of natural growth, they are all trimmed into various geometric figures, and become a highly decorative gardening element. If you have the opportunity to look at the Versailles Palace or other large gardens from a bird’s eye view, we will find that the whole garden is like a colorful giant carpet in front of the center building. The lawns and hedges often show symmetrical geometry. The shape of the pattern is quite formal, which makes people feel the exquisite craftsmanship of the gardener.
Although the Harmony Garden is part of the royal garden, it is small and exquisite, and has the temperament of a literati garden. Although in the North, it looks like a “Jiangnan”… If you have the opportunity to look at the Versailles Palace from a bird’s eye view, we will find that the whole garden is like a colorful carpet in front of the center building.