Korean film and television: realistic VS fantasy

The “Parasite” (Figure 1), which took off the best film of Cannes this year, is smashing the box office in Korea. The film will be released in North America on October 11 and is expected to hit Oscar next year. “Parasite” and the “burning” that last year’s word-of-mouth but missed the Golden Palm, but also the story of the rich and the poor are not contradictory points, together to push the theme of Korean film realism to another peak. At the same time, the fantasy theme beyond reality is becoming a new explosion of Korean drama: “Druna Hotel” (picture 2) and “When the devil calls your name”, which is being broadcasted in Korea, are all “fantasy style”. . Realism and fantasy, is this the division between Han Ying and Korean drama? In fact, in Korea, whether film or television will focus on the introduction of superior fist products, resulting in a certain type of concentrated blowout phenomenon. This seemingly different type goes behind, but in reality the same way – the core of the work is reality.

“Parasite” also has a routine

After “Parasite” won the best film in Cannes this year, some people said that the victory of “Parasite” is actually a victory for the Korean reality theme film. The film tells the story of a series of unexpected stories of unemployed families interviewing high-paying tutors, reflecting the gap between the rich and the poor in Korea.

Realistic themes have always been the strength of Korean movies. Chungmuro ​​Road (Seoul Street, synonymous with the Korean film industry) has always had the creative tradition of creating social reality films. It is good at adapting movies with social real events. These films have repeatedly created box office and word of mouth, and even changed the real society. For example, according to the release of “The Furnace” based on the real case of sexual abuse of children by a principal of a deaf-mute school in Gwangju, South Korea, the “Special Law Amendment to Sexual Offences Punishment” (also known as “The Furnace Law”) was finally introduced. Telling a real story with a mature type frame has become one of the most important features of Korean commercial films. For example, the court film “Defender” based on former South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun, the “Hunter” in the thrills, the “Yellow Sea” in the action category, and the “Champion” in the inspirational sports category, and even the comedy type tells the Korean “comfort women” “I can say” of profound historical events. In recent years, Korean realities have been further explored, such as more magical techniques to show the real problems of the gap between the rich and the poor. Burning, which received the highest score in Cannes last year, uses a similar magical realism imagery and narrative technique to tell a suspense story. In “Parasite”, from the “Hanjiang Monster”, the director who began to refract reality with the type of disaster, Bong Junxi, once again used the black comedy approach to carry out the spicy satire and severe criticism of the rich and poor reality in Korea. In the climax of the film, the living environment of the poor people was first flooded under the storm, which is the most visual representation of the film theme.

Korean filmmakers have been able to handle this subject matter well, but the over-mature creative mode has also made the story content and expression techniques begin to “routine” – the small characters resisted the story and became the template for most of these films. The result of streamlined film production will also make the audience feel aesthetically tired. In a sense, the magical expression is the result of the introspection of Korean filmmakers. In addition, over-focusing on social reality and neglecting other types has gradually become a major shortcoming of Korean movies. How to create more innovative works is worthy of reflection by Korean filmmakers. ▲

Fantasy is just a label

In 2016, after the success of the Korean drama “The Lonely and Splendid God: Ghosts” starring Kong Tong and Li Dongxu, “No Fantasy, Not Korean Drama” became the second leg of the Korean drama “Long legs, eye-catching, local tyrants”. Explosion law.

In recent years, the Korean drama fantasy type is often combined with the “ghost” setting. The success of “Druner Hotel” once again verifies the creation mode of this “magic theme + eye-catching actor + fantasy effect”. In the play, CG special effects technology creates a fantasy hotel connecting yin and yang – the day is hidden in the world, and the truth will be revealed at night. This special effect is only one of the reasons for the popularity of the series. Under the premise of fantasy as the type framework, the integration of suspense, horror, love, crime and other elements has contributed to the development of fantasy dramas. For example, in the drama “W-Two Worlds” starring Li Zhongshuo, “Tear Man” walks into reality from comics and completes a romantic love relationship with the heroine; “Ghost” plays the role of male lead (Kong Kung) For the introduction, a lot of horror and suspense plots are brought up.

However, the key to making this type from a niche to a hot one is still the insinuation of the episode. In “Drunner Hotel”, the heroine Zhang Manyue serves the deceased who have obsessed with the world, but the entire hotel and the real world hotel operating rules are no different, just add fantasy. Another new drama, “When the Devil Shouts Your Name,” uses Goethe’s “Faust” as a model to tell a poor and ridiculous musician to trade for ten years with his own soul and demons, to make himself wealthy and successful. And young. Despite the flaws in special effects and other aspects, the show has won high reputation and high discussion in Korea. The most popular topic among netizens is: If there are demons who offer the same conditions, would you accept it?

Impressing people’s fantasy dramas, or relying on the real core wrapped in fantasy. In recent years, the intensity and depth of the Korean drama’s exploration of reality has been continuously strengthened. For example, another high-mouthed drama series “Please enter the search term: WWW” broadcasted last month, through the fantasy shell to explore the boundary between public opinion and morality and freedom. Korean real-life movie pop and Korean drama fantasy dramas are frequent, and the most successful of these works is the deep bonding of fantasy labels and real life. Regardless of the form or type of the work, if the cultural intrinsic proximity and loss of intimacy are lost, it is difficult for the work to achieve a long-term stable emotional resonance with the audience. In this sense, behind the development of Korean film and television, realism is the most fundamental way to win.