Before the age of two, our memories are fake?

Very interesting baby memory
Do you remember your first memory? A few days ago, researchers from the Department of Psychology at the City College of London asked their more than 6,000 people their first memories. When 60% of people come from their own 3.24 years old (ie 3 to 4 years old), from a physiological point of view, this is also the time when we develop intelligence to form memories. The other 39% claimed to remember the story before the age of two, and even 893 said that they remember the clip before the age of one, which is an amazing number. For example, these people will say, it seems to remember the story of “first walk”, “I want to tell my mother that I am hungry before I speak,” “The first word I said” and so on.

Are these memories very childlike? But Professor Martin Conway, the first author of the study and the Department of Psychology at the City College of London, said that if your earliest memories occurred before you were two years old, it could be fake or fictional. That is to say, about 40% of people mistakenly believe that they remember one thing before the age of two. Although participants were told that in addition to direct experience, memories should not be associated with photos, family stories, or other sources, but these memories may still be generated after seeing photos or hearing memories of others (elders or older brothers and sisters).

According to the researchers, most people recall things before the age of two, often related to baby products, a typical example is the story around the “baby car”. Mom would say to him, “There is a big green stroller in the house,” and he will imagine what it will look like. Over time, these pieces will be transformed into memories, and some things will be added to this memory, such as a toy. It can be said that these are based on the later stories of “reasoning and inferring”.

The most interesting thing is that those who remember these stories don’t know that this is fictitious. When the researchers tell them that the memory is false, they often don’t believe it; for the elderly, the impossible early memory also It can be explained that they need to “complete” the story of their entire life, in the process going back to the earliest years of their lives.

Does the baby have any memory?
“According to the development of the brain, we usually form adult long-term memories until the age of five or six.” Director Li of the Department of Neurology, Second People’s Hospital of Anhui Province said: “Although the memories of these childhoods are not necessarily correct, but Does not mean that the baby has no memory.”

A research report has shown that in the visual pairing comparison program, the baby first receives paired visual stimuli, such as black and white photos of two faces, for a fixed period of time; then, after familiarizing with the two photos, they will See a “familiar” photo and a new photo. The researchers recorded the time spent looking at each photo. Looking at a new photo for a long time indicates that they remember the “familiar” photo. Studies using this program have found that children between 5 and 6 months can save information for up to 14 days, 9 months for children to recall information within 5 weeks, and 20 months for children to recall within 12 months. Information.

A 14-month child can recall a three-step sequence after one contact, while a 6-month child needs about 6 touches to remember it. For example, put the toy car in the base and push the plunger to roll the toy to the other end – although the 6-month child can recall the information in a short time, it is difficult for them to recall the chronological order of the information. At 9 months, the baby can recall the two-step action in the correct chronological order—recalling the first and second steps. All of this shows that babies still have some simple memories.

Multi-party development of children’s memory
Good memory is a powerful guarantee for a person’s success. So how do we develop and cultivate children’s memory from an early age?

“It should be said that there are still many methods. However, because they are still in infancy, some methods are more of a subtle effect.” According to Director Li, for example, often talk to children. Although the child still can’t understand the adults, the little head has begun to learn to recognize the sound. If you often talk to him, the voice information of the adult will be stored in the child’s mind repeatedly, and he will slowly learn to recognize the acquaintances and strangers around him through the memories of the sound. For example, take more children out and broaden your horizons. Memory is built on rich cognitive experience. When you go to a park or supermarket with adults, your child also constantly touches things and knows things from the senses such as sight, hearing, smell, etc., and thus in your mind. Leave a deep memory.

In addition, you can consciously arrange memory tasks for your child. Memory also requires constant training. Adults can consciously arrange games or tasks that need to be remembered in their daily lives. If children complete well, they must be praised in time. Such training not only enhances memory, but also enhances children’s interests. It is also a good choice to guide and encourage your child to try other ways of remembering. Ingenious and appropriate memory can make children easily remember, mother may wish to guide the child to try to remember in other ways. For example, in the associative memory method, when the number is recorded, the child is taught to be familiar with the same thing according to the number. If the number “5” looks like a hook, then the child will quickly associate the hook with the number “5”. It is.