Volgograd: Hero City of Russia

In Volgograd, you can hear the sounds of war guns that have been around for a long time. Sometimes it takes a long time for us to understand its meaning or meaningless. The war of artillery fire has gone, and the war in the depths of the soul has continued. Volgograd is a city that is stained with blood.

The impression of Volgograd, I learned from the films and books of the former Soviet film “Lenin in 1918”, “Protection of Tsaritsin”, “The Stalins of the Stalingrad”, “Days and Nights” and other books. Volgograd (Russian: Bongorpa) (English: Volgograd) was founded in 1589. It is a historical city in the Soviet era and is now the capital of the Russian Federation Volgograd. It is a southern city of Russia. The city is located on the banks of the Volga River (one of the largest rivers in Europe). It is nourished by the Volga River and has always been called the “Southern Granary” of Russia. The city has become famous, named Chaligin before 1925, Stalingrad from 1925 to 1961, and Volgograd after 1961.

Located 1000 km southeast of Moscow, Volgograd is an important industrial city on the lower plain of the Volga River. The administrative center of Volgograd is located on the west bank of the Volga River. It covers an area of ​​565 square kilometers and has a population of 1.011 million. It is Volga. The oldest city in the lower reaches of the river, built a fortress in 1589, became a city in 1773, changed its name to Stalingrad on April 10, 1925, and changed to Volgograd in 1961.

Going to Volgograd, whether it is a tour guide or a venue to see, is inseparable from the Volgograd defending war of World War II (the Battle of Stalingrad), Volgograd is an important battlefield during World War II. It controls the Volga River transport line as the lifeblood and also controls the strategic material passage of the Moscow battlefield. The Battle of Volgograd is one of the most bloody, most tragic and largest-scale battles in human history. On July 17, 1942, the Germans invested 1.5 million troops to attack Volgograd, but they were indeed heroic resistance of the Soviets. The campaign began in July 1942 and ended on February 2, 1943, lasting six and a half months. Finally, the Germans began to step back, and the Soviets began a major counterattack, gradually recovering lost ground and attacking the German mainland. Because the scale of this battle is too large, the number of casualties has not been accurately counted. However, according to Western scholars, the Axis forces have killed 850,000 people in this battle, of which 750,000 were killed and injured; 91,000 were captured. At the same time, the Soviet Union also paid a heavy price. The total number of casualties reached 1,12,219, of which 474,871 were killed; 650,878 were injured and captured. In just one week after the Germans entered the city, more than 40,000 citizens were killed, and the number of civilians killed in the entire campaign was not accurately counted, but far exceeded this figure. Because there were 850,000 residents in Stalingrad before the war, a post-war census showed that there were only 1,500 people left. People don’t know how many of them have fled their homeland and how many people have died in the war. At that time, the whole world was paying attention to the bloodiest battle in the history of mankind. In the same year, the large-scale official newspaper of the Communist Party of China, Xinhua Daily (January 11, 1938, February 28, 1947), reported this continuously. Second battle.

Volgograd rebuilt today is neat and beautiful

Today’s Volgograd is neat and beautiful, and everything is rebuilt after the war. The Lenin Canal, which is more than 100 kilometers long, flows through the southern suburbs of the city, and there is a green shelterbelt in the north of the city. The high-rises on both sides of Lenin Street are lined up. There is a green lawn between Volga Street and Cui Kefu Marshal Street. There are poplars, pines, birches and cloves on both sides of the heroic avenue. The spring flowers on the roadside are full of colorful tulips. Here you can stay in Warriors Square, the Heroes Boulevard, visit the tank guns located next to the Volga River Hydropower Station, and the large group sculptures on the Mamayev Hill. The Stalingrad Warfare Panorama Memorial Hall is also famous, and the panorama reproduces the scene of the great fierce battle of the year. The image is vivid and powerful.

Volgograd is a famous Russian city, an important river port, located in the south of Moscow. For Russia, it is a southern city with an average temperature of 26 degrees in summer and 9 degrees in winter. The city is located on the Volga River. Due to the moisture of the Volga River, The scenery is beautiful, the climate is pleasant, and the products are rich. It has always been called the “Southern Granary” of Russia. The city is also an important transportation hub and tourism, science and education center. It is connected with the railways of major cities, with air links and convenient transportation. The city is home to numerous industrial companies, with more than 130 factories, textile industry and research and production complexes. Not only are the cities beautiful and beautiful, but there are also many museums, theaters, concert halls and restaurants. The city has 22 higher education institutions and more than 60,000 students, dozens of research institutions, and more than 100 public libraries, 3 museums and 4 theaters. Every year more than 100,000 foreign tourists visit Volgograd.

The quiet Volga River is as wide as the lake and the river is blue like the sea. The near view is crystal clear and the smoke is vast and the weather is vast. Today, Volgograd is opening her broad mind to welcome guests from all over the world.

The main attractions of Volgograd – mostly related to historical events

Monuments and statues: Volgograd has nearly 100 monuments and statues and dozens of memorial sites for people to hang and admire. Most of them are related to revolutionary historical events and revolutionary historical figures, such as the unknown soldiers on the Martyrs Square in the city center. Tomb, “Pavlov House” between Lenin Street and Soviet Road, Stalingrad Battle Panorama Memorial, Mamayev Highland Monument Group, Charigin Battle Monument and stand in front of the State Mansion And Lenin statues on Lenin Square. Among them, the Stalingrad Battle Panorama Memorial Hall is famous. The memorial hall is a tall, innovative white building located in the city center.

Mamayev Hill: From Lenin Street, set foot on the tree-lined stone road with poplar trees on both sides, and a small pool will appear in front of you. In the pool, there are built-in steel guns and grenades, and the two sides are front-facing bas-reliefs. After passing through here, they came to the Memorial Hall of the Dead. The walls of the museum are full of heroes. Their name, the central is the “eternal flame.” The people who come here to offer flowers are endless. On the hills of Mamayev, there is a statue of the motherland of the mother who holds the right hand of the sword, a giant statue with a portrait height of 52 meters. From the tip of the sword to the top of the base 85 meters high, the sword height is 33 meters. The Mamayev hill was named after the Mongolian army’s Mamayev Khan on the way to Europe.

Stalingrad Defence Museum: Also known as the Panorama Museum, on the banks of the Volga River, on the Soviet Street. The panorama is hung in the central hall of the memorial. Stepping up the spiral staircase along the center of the hall and boarding the top floor, the battle scenes that shocked the world will reappear. The picture is based on the main battlefield of the year, the city’s commanding heights, Mamayev Hill, to the square. The panoramic painting subtly blends the picture with the model, the object and the terrain, and has a strong sense of reality and three-dimensionality. The panorama is 5 meters long and 3 meters high. It takes two people to complete the creation of two years. It is the largest panorama in Russia. The “Katyusha” rockets, planes and tanks are displayed outside the memorial hall. In the underground hall of the memorial hall, there are some relics of the martyrs and weapons used in the same year. Next to the memorial hall, there is a ruined wall of a 5-storey building. During the war, the houses in the city were destroyed. This was deliberately preserved.

There are four half-paintings, eight exhibition halls and Soviet generals portrait galleries in the museum, including portraits of Stalin, displaying more than 3,500 exhibits. The museum houses collections of war relics from the October 1917 Revolution and a large number of pictures and physical materials of the Battle of Stalingrad. The 1942 Stallinger model, the weapons used at the time, and various military supplies, which were burned into a wilderness by war, served as testimonies to this glorious history. The upper part of the museum is painted with a giant panoramic view of the Battle of Stalingrad, which has a strong three-dimensional sense.

The mosaic of the mosaic of the party flag and Lenin in the museum is a symbol of Volgograd’s bloodshed. These bright red blood defended the city and defended the country’s territorial integrity and national independence.

The victory of Stalingrad’s defending war interrupted the backbone of the German army throughout the Eastern Front. Later, the maddening Soviet Red Army, with their eyes spurting the anger of revenge, continued to counterattack westward until they conquered Berlin. The victory of the Battle of Stalingrad became a turning point in the Second World War.

State Native Museum: A comprehensive museum associated with Volgograd. It mainly displays unearthed items and folklore materials, and even displays in detail the modern culture of materials and industries related to urban creation.

The display of the MiG fighter is located in another building. The most worthwhile visit is the specimen of the beluga whale, which was captured near the Volgograd hydroelectric power station in November 1976. It is 2.4 meters long and weighs 150 kilograms.

Volgograd History Museum: A museum founded in the 19th century Fufu Commercial Building. The main contents of the show include the local history of Volga during the civil war from the First World War to the Russian Revolution. Among them, the White Army flag, the Red Army uniform, and the map showing changes in the front line are worth seeing. In addition, there is also an armored car model used by the Revolutionary Army in the museum. You can also sit on it and experience it.

The construction of the museum itself is a living evidence of the history of the Battle of Stalingrad.

Mamayev Hill: During the Second World War, the Mamayev Hill was the commanding height of the city. From here, you can overlook the entire city and the Volga River. Controlling this hill can control a large area, including the Volga River. line. Therefore, the Mamayev hill is a symbol of Volgograd.

This is the main battlefield in the battle of Stalingrad, the final battle between the Soviet Red Army and the German fascist army. At the entrance, there is a huge relief on the left and right, called “Generation forever.” Picking up the stairs, the trees on both sides are towering, and the battle reliefs alternate with the hero statues. In the middle of the Highlands, it is a swearing to defend the square. In the middle of the fountain pool is a statue of a shirtless hero with a hand-held gun and a hand. Going up, there is a bas-relief on the left and right, called “the wreckage of the wreckage”. There are many heroes and wartime slogans. When people approach these embossments, the live recordings of the year are heard: the enemy’s bombing The sound of machine guns fired at the air, the shouts of the soldiers who rushed to kill the enemy. There was also the loud voice of Leviathan, the famous broadcaster of Moscow Radio. He is reading the newsletter and calling on people to shed the last drop of blood for victory…

Walking through the heroic square with statues, it is the mourning square. There is a circular building surrounded by stone on the edge of the square. It is the memorial hall of the fallen soldiers. In the middle of the hall is a giant hand, holding a long torch in the hand, guarded by four guards next to it, and dozens of red flags on the surrounding walls, there are more than 7,000 names of fallen soldiers. At the top of the hill, there is an imposing statue of “the motherland is calling”, 85 meters high, and even the base weighs 8,000 tons. She holds the sword in the right hand and the left hand refers to the enemy’s invading direction, calling out to the children to fight heroically. enemy. This statue seems to be a goddess in the sky and is regarded as a symbol of the city of Volgograd and the whole of Russia.

The Mamayev hills were the most fierce battle of the year. In the battle, the average survival time of the Red Army soldiers was only 24 hours, and the average survival time of the officers was three days. It can be seen how terrible it is. When the battle was over, when people cleaned the battlefield, there were more than a thousand pieces of shrapnel on every square meter of land on the Mamayev hill. After five years of war, the grass was not born, and the cruelty of the battle was evident.

On the tomb of the unknown soldier in the city center stands a tall spire with a long torch burning. There is a Museum of the Great Patriotic War on Gogol Street.

At the foot of the hill, a huge dome is the memorial to the victims of the battle. On the round wall, the names of the soldiers who died in the battle of Stalingrad and the names of all the participating troops were engraved. In the center of the round hall, one arm struggling to reach the ground, passing a burning torch, symbolizing the soldiers who sacrificed for the country, bringing light and victory to the world. It is also a 24-hour guard guard, Volgograd, a city that is a hero!