Decay into magic

  When many countries around the world are having a headache for the “garbage siege”, Sweden has not only achieved a garbage recycling rate of 99%, but even a “weird” that needs to import garbage. Waste sorting is an essential foundation for reducing environmental pollution and using renewable resources. So, what are the “skills” in Sweden for the sorting, recycling and disposal of garbage?
  Litter should be unified recycling
  from Sweden into the moment, waste has become an integral part can not be ignored in daily life. Compared with Japan, this country has a finer degree of refinement of garbage classification. With a little negligence, waiting for you may be a ticket from the police.
  To what extent is the classification of waste in Sweden refined? It can be seen from the papers and bottles that we are most familiar with: light papers are divided into newspapers, magazines, milk cartons, pizza boxes, etc.; food packaging and envelopes are no longer belonging to oil stains, blood stains or glue. “Paper”, which must be classified as flammable household waste; plastic bottles are different from other plastic products and must be discarded separately; even glass bottles are subdivided into colored and colorless…
  So it seems that in Sweden It is not easy to learn how to throw garbage. Fortunately, the garbage bins in each community and the large garbage stations in the block will post specific instructions for the use of the classified bins, and will be accompanied by text and pictures to facilitate the first-time visitors to follow the map.
  In Sweden, even non-traditional garbage such as fallen leaves, dirt, sandstone, etc. cannot be discarded at will, and even if you want to compost yourself. The garbage generated after cleaning the garden must be packed in a special bag and sent to the recycling center. The government will recycle the dead leaves and the leaves will be processed into flowers and soil for sale. Therefore, every spring and autumn, you can always see the local people line up in front of the recycling station – throwing dead leaves in autumn and buying flowers in spring.
  In the garbage sorting and recycling chain, supermarkets also play a role that cannot be underestimated. Like other European countries such as Germany, Sweden also implements a deposit system: consumers must pay a certain amount of deposit when purchasing bottled beverages. After the beverage is finished, the cans or plastic bottles are put into the automatic recycling machine, and the machine will automatically spit out receipts. With the receipt, you can go to the cashier to exchange cash, or deduct the consumption in the supermarket.
  Economic incentives to promote the enthusiasm of the people and recovery
  of waste separation is to better achieve recycling, save social resources. In this regard, Sweden deserves to be at the forefront of the world.
  Sweden is one of the countries with the highest waste recycling rates. According to statistics, the average amount of garbage that cannot be reused in the EU every year is 38% of the total amount of garbage, while in Sweden it is only 1%. In other words, the country’s garbage recycling rate is as high as 99%, of which 36% is directly recycled, 14% is used as fertilizer, and 49% is burned and converted into energy.
  The restrictions and regulations on garbage sorting may be miserable to outsiders, but for the Swedish people, garbage sorting is not only a living habit that has been cultivated since childhood, but also a cost-saving trick that accumulates too much. .
  Like other countries in Northern Europe, the Swedish people need to pay for their own garbage. In Stockholm, for example, the garbage contractor will dispatch a clearing truck every week to collect domestic garbage, and the hazardous garbage will be taken by the special car. It will be collected and collected between 100 fixed stacking points every night. Garbage clearance freight follows the principle of volume-based billing, and the less garbage generated by households, the lower the fees that need to be paid. Since the amount of garbage generated after classification is much less than the total amount of unclassified waste, the more thorough the classification of garbage by the people, the lower the payment for the freight.
  Under such economic incentives, the Swedish people are at the forefront of recycling of waste products. In addition to the aforementioned beverage bottle recycling machine, residents also have a variety of options for furniture and home appliance recycling. For example, residents in the community can raise furniture and household appliances recycling bins at a lower cost, or they can send their own unneeded furniture appliances to the recycling center of the recycling station, in exchange for the second-hand goods they need, which is convenient, fast and economical.
  In addition to adopting a series of measures to encourage people to recycle waste, the Swedish government also proposed a “producer responsibility system” in 1994, which requires producers to specify the recycling methods of relevant resources on the product packaging to guide consumers correctly. Classified for recycling. For those companies that do not have the ability to independently establish a product recycling system, the government will require them to pay their dues and join the producer responsibility registration company, which will fulfill the recycling obligations. Enterprises that produce products containing compulsory recovery resources must pay a deposit to the environmental protection department in advance, and the deposit will be refunded until the resource recovery ratio exceeds a certain level.
  Incineration plant to achieve a
  good social integration of
  the 1980s and 1990s, Sweden, as in most countries, mainly in landfill waste disposal. Since then, with the increase in the amount of waste and the continuous advancement of waste sorting, the country has become one of the first countries to use the waste incineration plant to deal with non-recyclable waste. Thanks to advanced waste incineration technology, up to 49% of the waste in Sweden is now converted to energy by incineration. In 2016, the energy generated by the incinerator met the heating needs of 20% of urban households in Sweden, while providing cheap electricity to 5% of households.
  In most parts of the world, waste incineration plants, as typical adjoining facilities, often cause contradictions that are difficult to resolve. However, relying on mature technology, waste incineration plants have achieved good social integration in the Nordic countries represented by Sweden. The exploration of waste incineration technology in the Nordic countries began in the 1940s. Nowadays, this technology is quite mature in Sweden, Norway and other countries. The waste incineration plant is clean and odorless, all the dust is adsorbed, and the second-class emission is close to zero.
  In order to avoid PM2.5 polluted air generated by waste incineration, the waste incineration plant in Sweden injects cooling water into the gas produced by the combustion, and then filters it with purification equipment layer until it meets EU standards before being discharged into the atmosphere. The government environmental protection department conducts real-time monitoring of pollutant discharges from waste incineration plants, and the public can also supervise them through various channels. In order to resolve the stereotypes of the public on garbage disposal, the waste incineration plant in Sweden is also pursuing functional diversification while being environmentally friendly, and has become a public space for citizens to view, exercise and gather.
  With the continuous promotion of waste reduction policies such as sorting and recycling, in recent years, the total amount of waste actually needed to be incinerated in Sweden accounts for only about 20% of the processing capacity of the incineration plant. In order to strengthen the effect of waste energy, Sweden has become the first developed country to import waste. It imports up to 2 million tons of garbage every year from European countries such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, which not only fills the garbage gap required for the daily operation of the incineration plant, but also Urban residents provide more cheap energy.