Blood vessels are old and can be measured by themselves

  As you age, the blood vessels that are the passage of life will age. The normal blood vessel wall is smooth, the lumen is smooth, and it is elastic. When the vascular aging occurs, the wall of the tube is thickened, not smooth, plaques of different thickness appear, the lumen is narrow, the elasticity of the blood vessels is reduced, and becomes brittle; in severe cases, due to rupture of the plaque, secondary thrombosis may result in no lumen Complete or complete blockage, chest pain, chest tightness, dizziness, pain during lower limb movements, severe cases of syncope, paralysis of one limb, pain in lower limbs at rest.
  Self-test method of vascular age
  self-test vessels Age method is simple. There are 12 options below to see if you match a few.
  1. Emotional depression.
  2. Too much truth.
  3. Eat instant noodles, biscuits, snacks.
  4. Partially eat meat food.
  5. Do not want to exercise.
  6. Multiply the number of cigarettes per day by more than 400.
  7. Chest pain when climbing stairs.
  8. The hands and feet are cold and numb.
  9. Forgetting big, often losing three.
  10. Blood pressure rises.
  11. Cholesterol or elevated blood sugar.
  12. Some of the immediate family members died of coronary heart disease or stroke.
  Among the above 12 items, 4 of them are below, indicating that the age of the blood vessels is young; 5 to 7 items, indicating that the blood vessel age exceeds the physiological age by 10 years or older; more than 8 items, indicating that the blood vessel age is 20 years older than the physiological age. the above. The latter two conditions suggest a greater likelihood of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
  Other methods of vascular age
  in addition to the self-test blood vessel age, there are many ways to detect vascular age.
  1. Measure blood pressure. If the systolic and diastolic pressures differ by more than 50 mm Hg, it suggests that the arteries are hardened.
  2. Detect arteriosclerosis index. The index = [blood total cholesterol (TC) – high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] ÷ high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The normal value is <4. If the index is ≥ 4, it means that arteriosclerosis has occurred, and the higher the value, the higher the degree of arteriosclerosis, and the higher the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.   3. Arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) and ankle/arm blood pressure index (ABI) were measured by hospital-specific equipment. If PWV ≥ 12 m / s, ABI < 0.9, suggesting that the arteriosclerosis.   4. X-ray or CT examination revealed arterial wall calcification.   5. Vascular ultrasound found thickening of the vessel wall, soft plaques, hard plaques or mixed plaques of different thickness, and some even caused stenosis of the lumen.   6. Coronary angiography or invasive coronary angiography can further assess the extent of coronary stenosis. Because of the multiple functions of transport of nutrients and the transport of metabolites, the risk of cardiovascular disease is significantly increased once the blood vessels age.   Ways to keep the blood vessels younger   1. Reasonable diet, including low salt and less oil, more vegetarians, more food, and more vegetables.   2. Reduce weight and control the body mass index (BMI) below 25.   3. Moderate medium-intensity exercise, such as walking fast, cycling, running, etc., the heart rate reaches about 60% of the maximum heart rate during exercise.   4. Smoking cessation is limited to alcohol.   5. Psychological balance.   6. Control blood pressure to achieve blood pressure, and generally hypertensive patients control blood pressure at least 140/90 mm Hg.   7. Lower blood cholesterol levels, taking statins under the guidance of a physician.   8. Stick to hypoglycemic treatment.