Easy to understand biochemical report

  Blood biochemistry is a project that people usually need to check when they go to the hospital to see a doctor, take a medical examination, or apply for a health certificate. Blood biochemistry is a method of examining liver function, kidney function, blood lipids, blood sugar, and various enzymes. How do you understand the results of these tests? The following is a brief explanation of common biochemical projects: the
  high index of total bilirubin is related to the metabolism of bile excretion in the liver, such as excessive consumption of pigmented food such as pumpkin and carrot. Pay attention to the above factors and review them. If you still have abnormalities, please go to the Department of Gastroenterology.
  Auxiliary diagnosis of total protein liver disease and nephropathy, normal reference value: 60 ~ 85g / L (6.0 ~ 8.5g / dl). Exceeding this range indicates that the liver has some damage.
  Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase correspond to the aminotransferases, which are commonly referred to as aminotransferases, and are mainly used to judge liver function. If elevated, the liver may be damaged. In addition to hepatitis, many other diseases can also cause an increase in aminotransferase. For example, alcoholic hepatitis is formed after a long period of heavy drinking, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is caused by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue. In addition, hepatitis caused by autoimmune liver disease and drug damage can cause abnormalities in aminotransferase.
  Glucose fasting blood glucose is normally 3.9 to 6.1 mmol/L. If the fasting blood glucose reaches 7.0 mmol/L and the random blood glucose reaches 11.1 mmol/L, it can be judged as diabetes. In the daily diet, pay attention to eating small meals, eating more vegetables, eating high-quality protein, such as lean meat, fish, shrimp, etc., eating noodles, greasy food, away from tobacco and alcohol, limiting high-calorie food intake. If you are obese, you can exercise to reduce your weight and reduce your blood sugar.
  The level of urea nitrogen and urea nitrogen reflects the function of the kidney. The fasting urea nitrogen in normal adults is 3.2-7.1 mmol/L (9-20 mg/dl). Various renal parenchymal lesions, such as glomerulonephritis, interstitial nephritis, acute and chronic renal failure, intrarenal space occupying and destructive lesions, can increase blood urea nitrogen. Extrarenal factors can also cause elevated blood urea nitrogen. If extrarenal factors can be excluded, urea nitrogen is 21.4mmol/L (60mg/dl), which is one of the diagnostic indicators for uremia.
  Serum creatinine serum creatinine is the most commonly used indicator for detecting renal function, and increased creatinine value suggests renal insufficiency. If the creatinine value is not particularly high, choose general treatments such as the application of kidney-tonifying and detoxifying drugs, actively controlling blood pressure, and high-quality low-protein diet. Drug treatment is first of all a drug that reduces creatinine and a drug that promotes the excretion of kidney toxins. Then, other auxiliary tests are needed to determine the cause and to treat the cause.
  Uric acid uric acid is one of the indicators for evaluating renal function. High uric acid indicates the possibility of gout. It is necessary to exercise more, drink more water, eat less meat, control the intake of animal internal organs and seafood, and prohibit drinking.
  Hypercholesterol total cholesterol can cause cardiovascular problems and may also cause atherosclerosis or thrombosis. High cholesterol can be controlled by diet, eat less high-cholesterol foods, such as seafood and egg yolk; secondly, people with high cholesterol should increase the amount of exercise.
  Triacylglycerol triglyceride reflects blood lipid levels. According to the 2016 “Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Adults with Experimental Lipids”, fasting (fasting for 12 hours) triacylglycerol is below 1.70mol/L; 1.70-2.25mol/L is marginal; ≥2.26mol/ L is elevated. Usually, low-fat and low-salt diets, smoking cessation, eating more vegetables, fruits, and drinking alcohol. After increasing exercise, the triglyceride index of most patients can be reduced to normal levels. Those with severe rise in triacylglycerol should first take drug control.
  Reminder: The results of a single test can not be generalized, but also combined with other clinical examinations.