December to January is the coldest season of the year, and it is also the season when patients with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, tumors are more difficult. This group of people suffers from diseases for a long time, their bodies are weak, and their ability to resist cold is deviated, so they are prone to danger when the winter comes. So how can we survive the harsh winter? Here are the “4 Tips” for everyone——
Tips 1: Eat a reasonable diet, pay attention to protein and water
The large temperature difference between indoor and outdoor in winter can promote the rapid decomposition of protein in the human body, leading to a decrease in the body’s resistance. Therefore, to live safely in winter, you need to pay attention to a reasonable diet. Protein, fat and carbohydrates are called thermogenic nutrients, but the intake of large amounts of protein and fat will increase the burden on digestive organs such as liver and pancreas. Therefore, the principle of “low fat, small amount of high-quality protein and high carbohydrates” should be generally followed, that is, eat more staple foods, moderate amounts of fish, shrimp, quail eggs, and various low-fat, high-quality protein foods.
Cold can also lead to increased urination, causing more loss of inorganic salts such as sodium, potassium, and calcium. Therefore, when tonic in the winter, you should eat more foods containing potassium, calcium and other inorganic salts, such as eating more mushrooms, taro, chestnut, longan, pumpkin and other warm foods. Although bananas contain more potassium, they are cold in nature and should not be eaten in winter. In addition, increasing the intake of vitamin A and C can also enhance the ability to adapt to cold. Vitamin A mainly comes from carrots and dark green vegetables; vitamin C comes mainly from fresh fruits and vegetables.
The air is dry in winter, and the human body is very easy to lose water, causing dry stools. This will have a greater impact on the health of people with chronic diseases, so pay attention to replenishing water in a timely manner.
Tip 2: Keep warm and avoid crowds
In winter, in densely populated areas, various bacteria and viruses may spread in the air. Cancer patients, especially those who have received chemotherapy and radiation therapy, have low immunity and are susceptible to various respiratory infections such as respiratory infections, bronchitis and pneumonia. Once infected, it will seriously affect the patient’s physical recovery. Therefore, people with chronic diseases such as tumors should keep warm in cold weather, and try to avoid going to densely populated areas as much as possible. When morning and night temperatures are low, go out outdoors. Minimize outdoor activities in haze days with severe air pollution. Wear hats and masks when going out . If fever, cough, nasal congestion, runny nose and other symptoms appear, you need to see a doctor in time and follow the doctor’s instructions for related inspections.
Tips 3: Take appropriate exercise, pay attention to rest, and avoid going out alone
In daily life, people with chronic diseases should go to bed early and get up late. When the weather is good, they should go to parks and other places after 10 am, but don’t choose intense sports, you can carry out activities such as walking or brisk walking to improve the stress Ability to prevent cold-induced myocarditis. However, it should be noted that the exercise time should not be too long, the exercise amount should not be too large, and the heart rate and chest tightness, shortness of breath, cough, chest pain and other symptoms should not appear.
Cardio-cerebral-vascular disease patients’ exercise volume should be reduced correspondingly in winter, and those with original coronary heart disease should carry emergency medicine with them. Some patients, such as breast cancer patients, are prone to osteoporosis after long-term treatment with endocrine drugs, and patients with bone metastases from tumors are prone to fractures. This type of population should choose slow and gentle exercise programs.
At the same time, it is recommended that chronically ill patients go with their families and try to avoid going out alone.
Tip 4: Peace of mind, medication on time, regular follow-up
Maintaining a peaceful state of mind can improve the body’s immune function and disease resistance, and normalize the function of cells and tissues in the body.
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular patients should be regularly revisited. The rational and rational use of medication under the guidance of a doctor is the key to preventing the recurrence or exacerbation of the disease.
In addition, for people who have undergone surgery, there will be surgical scars on the surface of the body. The hot and cold changes in winter weather will also cause the scars to shrink and relax, which will cause pain, itching and other abnormal feelings. At this time, you can perform a local massage of the scar to promote blood circulation and reduce symptoms; if the effect is not good, you can take analgesics according to your doctor’s advice.