“Pan Turkism” Past and Present

Recently, some Turkish sports and literary celebrities living in the West have put pressure on China through social media. Some western countries have long implemented “double standards” in their anti-terrorism policies. As long as they vilify China’s words and deeds, they often support it. Under the influence of long-term one-sided anti-China public opinion, it is not surprising that these sports and literary celebrities make inappropriate statements; The words of Turkish people living in the West also highlight the influence of the pan-Turkish complex.

The so-called pan-Turkism, also known as “great Turkism”, is a nationalist trend of thought that emerged in Turkic-speaking countries in the second half of the 19th century. It promotes the ethnic superiority of Turkic peoples and advocates the unification of all Turkic nations. When it comes to pan-Turkism, it is necessary to mention “pan-Islamism.” Pan-Islamism is a religious and political trend that emerged in Central Asia in the middle of the 19th century. It advocates that all people who believe in Islam unite and form a community (Uma) based on common beliefs. Pan-Turkism is often associated with pan-Islamism, collectively referred to as “double pan-ism”, and is essentially an extremist trend of thought.

Pan-Turkism originated in the puppets of the lower Volga River during the Tsarist era. In 1873, the Tatar Khanate, formerly the Ottoman Empire, was annexed by Tsarist Russia, and the Tatars after the fall of the country had a strong Turkic national consciousness. Known as the “father of pan-Turkism,” Gasparski launched the “Zajid” (meaning “new pedagogy”) movement among Turkic-speaking nations across Russia, and advocated the establishment of a common, Standard language and culture, establish a unified political organization, unite in thought and action, fight against the tsarist autocracy, and contend with pan-Slavism.

Russia during the Stolypin period severely cracked down on the pan-Turkist movement, and a group of pan-Turkist representatives were forced into exile to the neighboring Ottoman Empire. Because the “pan-burst” ideology just adapted to the political needs of the feudal landlord class and the comprador bourgeoisie, it was highly praised by the upper empire, and gradually developed into an ideology in pursuit of the establishment of “Great Turkistan.”

From the historical background, the original intention of “dual pan-panism” is good. Both emerged from the background of the struggle against colonialist oppression and the search for national liberation at the time, but under ulterior motivated tampering, they became the Ottoman Empire. The small nations and the tools of external expansion have also become the tools of imperialist dismemberment and division of China. Therefore, as a kind of ideology at a specific historical stage, with the change of time and national evolution, there is no room for survival, and it is incompatible with the tide of globalization, industrialization and modernization.

From the perspective of national subjectivity, the goals pursued by pan-Turkism directly threaten the borders of independent sovereign states formed by the international community after years of efforts and recognized by the United Nations. The Turkic-speaking countries are widely distributed around the world, including Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Tatarstan, Russia, and Northern Cyprus. The vast majority of the people of the countries in this region will never give up their domination of their own destiny, and any act of re-dividing the territory of other countries will also be strongly opposed by the international community.

Judging from actual practice, once “dual pan-ism” is combined with Islamic extremism and fundamentalism, it will inevitably lead to extremism, separatism and terrorism, which will bring harm to the existing international order and regional security. Now when people hear “dual pan-ism”, they think of Islamic extremism, violent terrorism, and “Al Qaeda” and “Islamic State” that restore Islamic tradition by means of violent terror.

“Double panism”, especially where pan-Turkish activities are rampant, is often where “East Turkistan” activities are rampant. Since the 1990s, with the support of the Western and international pan-urban forces, the activities of “East Turkistan” have been rampant overseas, with a large number of organizations, dozens of large and small, distributed in more than 10 countries. 4 groups in West Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.

The United States has adopted double standards on counter-terrorism issues and is vague about the nature of “East Turkistan” terrorism in China. Although it is forced by international pressure to identify 10 organizations, including the “East Iraqi Movement,” as terrorist organizations, Terrorist acts still tolerate indulgences and secret passages. With the support of the CIA, “East Turkistan” elements established associations in New York as early as the early 1980s. In 2004, East Turkistan also established an exile government in the United States. The United States has also disregarded China’s opposition to issuing multiple entry visas to “East Turkistan” elements and holding seminars. The “East Turkistan” forces also lobby the U.S. Congress and politicians in various ways, begging the United States to pressure me politically and diplomatically on the “East Turkistan” issue, and to seek funding, backbone training, weapons and other assistance.

Europe is one of the main centers of “East Turkistan” activities abroad. Although European countries have clearly stated their opposition to terrorism on the surface, Germany and Italy have always been important stages of “East Turkistan” activities.

Under long-term painstaking efforts, “East Turkistan” elements have gained some influence in the political, cultural, and academic fields of some of these countries and regions. Under the media’s long-term reversal of black and white and misrepresentation, a misunderstanding of the Chinese issue has been formed among some people.

In recent years, with the support of Western anti-China forces, overseas “East Turkistan” organizations have stepped up their integration and adjusted their strategies. They have changed from illegal activities under the banner of ethnicity and religion to integrate ethnicity, religion, democracy, and human rights. Fight against me at a high level. In the face of challenges, we need to strengthen our self-confidence, continue to strengthen various counter-terrorism and depolarization measures, thoroughly eradicate the soil for the “dual pan” ideological survival, and achieve long-lasting peace and order in Xinjiang; we must further increase external publicity, clarify the truth and expose To fight back against a series of untrue words by Western politicians and strive for moral initiative; strengthen international counter-terrorism exchanges and cooperation, and establish a bilateral or multilateral anti-terrorism mutual trust to coordinately and economically, economically, and judicially combat “East Turkistan” terrorist organizations.