Beginning in 2020, many Western leaders praise and emphasize the role of the younger generation in New Year’s messages. UN Secretary-General Guterres even called the younger generation of the world “the greatest source of hope” in his speech. “The world needs the younger generation to continue to speak out, continue to have great ideas, continue to transcend borders, and continue to exert pressure.”
Indeed, in the past year, younger generation groups have frequently appeared at the forefront of climate change, gender equality, and human rights issues, playing an important role in various social movements and political events. In the 2019 U.S. Times magazine, the Swedish girl of the year, Samberg, not only successfully promoted a global social movement through environmental demonstrations, but also led the environmentalist European Green Party to rise strongly because of its support for Samberg. Constantly increase the votes.
How should we look at the phenomenon that the younger generation frequently appears at the forefront of social movements? Is it as sought after by some Western politicians and public opinion, or is it scornful like some traditional “institutional” elites, or asserts that it has been used by some forces for a long time? Both of these attitudes are open to question.
Blind praise or even torture may disorient the originally young and vigorous generation; showing contempt with a high-minded attitude may inspire the rebellious heart of the younger generation, thus leading to uncontrollable forms of emotional political participation and Content; if the shadow of the politicians behind the political participation of the younger generation is easily judged and the long-term influence of the group itself is negated, it may not fully reflect the reality.
Behind the new generation of young “stars” is the influence of “invisible hands”. If there is no new media from Swedish environmental protection company writer Ingmar’s “smart eyes” and timely copywriting, environmental protection girls may be anxious today, or because of environmental protest demonstrations, anorexia and anorexia, and become a “problem teenager” that worries mothers. “.
The question is, why does the younger generation frequently engage in non-institutionalized participation? The contrast between the above assumptions is caused by a certain degree of mismatch and even alienation between the actual political participation system design and the related political culture and the younger generation’s political demands.
Regarding the institutional supply of political participation, one cannot meet the needs of the younger generation to engage in social, political and public affairs. Among them, the main problems are the extensive guarantee of institutionalization of young people to express their opinions and participate in the policy process. The second is not paying enough attention to the interests and demands expressed by the younger generation, or even consciously ignoring and blocking out political claims or capital needs. The lack of institutionalized political participation restricts the younger generation to give full play to their influence on real politics in an orderly manner.
The technical aspects of institutionalized political participation cannot match the characteristics and needs of the younger generation. This is in stark contrast to the continuous emergence of online new media and various social platforms and the continuous iteration of decentralized technologies in fields other than institutionalized participation. As a result, the younger generation turned to non-institutionalized participation to find a way out.
Regarding the cultural thinking of political participation, traditional conservative ideas that underestimate the political influence of the younger generation still have a large market in the world today. The rapid economic and social development and the rapid development of information technology have made the younger generation more sensitive and precocious in terms of political acuity and social perception, which has impacted the traditional “institutional” forces during the intergenerational replacement of social and political forces. The opinion insists that the younger generation is more passionate, less stable, less aggressive, less resilient, more serious, and less focused. The “formalists” therefore guarded young people in all areas of society and imposed multiple restrictions.
So, how should we understand and respond to this phenomenon? It should be committed to future-oriented national governance.
What is committed to future-oriented national governance? Since the younger generation is the “most source of hope”, devoting to future-oriented national governance means paying attention to and paying attention to the growth of the younger generation in the process of political governance and social coordination, listening to their demands and opinions, and understanding their Preference features provide a smooth platform and mechanism for political participation.
Fair education, decent work, respect and attention from the whole society, and more opportunities to participate in the national governance and global governance processes and make their own voices are the increasingly vigorous demands of the younger generation. Only a commitment to future-oriented state governance is the right way to openly treat the phenomenon of the younger generation’s frequent integration into the wave of non-institutionalized participation.
Identify and recognize the younger generation. Pay attention to the investigation and understanding of the younger generation, and identify the different age groups, family classes, habit preferences, thinking styles and interests of the younger generation group. On the basis of clarifying group cognition, classification and stratification strengthen the guidance of the political awareness of the younger generation. Improve the channels and methods for younger generations to participate in national governance. We will strengthen and improve the institutionalization and technological renewal of orderly political participation, and consciously focus on the dialogue platform, dialogue mechanism, and dialogue methods between the government and the younger generation.
In addition, it is also important to create a good social atmosphere that values the younger generation and cultivates the younger generation.
While praising the younger generation as the greatest source of hope, Guterres also pointed out that the younger generation is expected to play the correct role in shaping the future. This is also what we look forward to seeing.