How to take medicine correctly-pay attention to the frequency and time of taking medicine

  Nowadays, the volume of medicine is getting smaller and smaller, the effect is much stronger than before, the taste is also very diverse, and the shape is more and more. In fact, anyone can take medicine, but do you really take medicine? Do you really know how to take medicine correctly? Although other drug precautions, side effects, and other precautions are clearly written on most drug inserts, it is also important that most people do not know the correct way to take the medicine. Therefore, it is not only necessary to take the right medicine, but also to take it correctly. Otherwise, there is little to no benefit from illness, and great harm to the body.
  1 Pay attention to the time of taking medicine
  1. Take medicine in the morning: Take the medicine on an empty stomach after waking up in the morning. The first is to give full play to the local effects of certain drugs on the gastrointestinal tract, and the second is to take the drug on an empty stomach to avoid stomach interference and the interference of food on the absorption of certain drugs.
  2. Medication before meals: Take medication 10-60 minutes before meals. Under normal circumstances, most of the drugs taken during this time period are used to treat the stomach and intestines, such as morpholine and Jianweixiaoshi tablets.
  3. Medication during meals: Take it during meals. Of course, the food does not necessarily mean rice, but it can also be steamed buns.
  4. Medication after meals: Take the medicine within 10-60 minutes after meals. Generally, taking medicine after meals is irritating to the gastric mucosa, because taking it after meals can reduce its irritation to the mucosa. And taking medicine after a meal can slow down the gastric emptying rate, so that the medicine slowly and uniformly reaches the intestinal absorption site, to facilitate the absorption of certain drugs.
  5. Medication before bedtime: Medication before bedtime is also to meet the needs of certain specific treatments. The drugs taken before bedtime are usually soothing hypnotic drugs that can promote sleep, such as hypnotics or anxiolytics.
  2 Pay attention to the frequency of taking the medicine
  1. Once a day: usually refers to once a day in the morning or once a night, or you can take the medicine at a certain time period prescribed by the doctor, and insist on taking the medicine at the same time every day.
  2. Twice daily: Usually refers to once each morning and evening, the best time interval is 12 hours. If there are special circumstances, the doctor will explain the specific time of the two medications.
  3. Three times a day: This method of taking is the most prone to problems. Many people understand that three times a day is a fixed meal before or after meals. With three meals, it is actually unscientific. Taking medicine three times a day usually refers to taking the medicine every 8 hours within 24 hours a day, and taking it in three times, so that the medicine can effectively function in the body and achieve the best therapeutic effect of the medicine, otherwise it will cause The blood concentration in the body is too high, and the toxic and side effects increase.
  4. Medication when necessary: ​​Usually refers to the medicine taken when the body has a fever and pain in the limbs, which is used to relieve the symptoms. If there is no corresponding symptom, not only the treatment effect will not be achieved, but also dependence and adverse reactions will occur.
  5. About missed medicines: Sometimes we forget to take medicines. After a while, we suddenly think of it. Can we supplement it? If it is near the time of the next dose, do not make up. Do not forget to take this medicine, take a few supplements for the next meal, or for the sake of your own convenience, put the medicine for one day directly after taking it. This method is not recommended, as it is very easy to be serious due to overdose. Adverse reactions.
  3 Other precautions when taking the medicine
  1. Oral medicine is normally recommended to be taken with plain water, and other liquids are not recommended to replace plain water. For example, if you take medicine with milk, milk contains a lot of trace elements such as calcium and iron, and these trace elements will react with certain pharmaceutical ingredients. Soups and fruit drinks can also affect the absorption of the drug, so when taking the drug, it is best to take cold boiled water to deliver it.
  2. There are many types of medicines. Among them, the capsules are delicious, because the capsules are slippery, and they are washed away with water. However, it may be difficult to swallow the tablets, especially the middle-aged and elderly people, because the saliva secretion is reduced. Or pills are not easy. Before drinking the medicine, we can drink some water, moisten the throat, moisten the throat, then put the tablets or capsules behind the tongue, and then swallow it with a mouthful of water. If the pill is too large, or if the child has a small throat, it can be crushed and eaten with water, or the capsule can be opened and poured into water to eat. The effect is the same. However, some individual capsules or tablets cannot be broken and eaten, so we better check the instructions carefully or ask the doctor directly.
  3. Many people will take some strange postures when taking medicine. For example, when lying down and taking medicine, the medicine will easily stick to the wall of the esophagus, which will not only seriously affect the efficacy of the medicine, but also irritate our esophagus and cause a cough. Or local inflammation, or even serious damage to the wall of our esophagus, so we had better sit or take medicine while standing.
  4. It is very dangerous to swallow the drug dry without drinking water. This is the same reason as taking medicine while lying down, both of which may damage the esophagus, or even worse. Another reason is that because there is not enough water to help dissolve the drug, some drugs are prone to form stones in the body, such as sulfa drugs such as compound sinomine.