In a cafe in Zhongguancun, Beijing, Liu Jia is demonstrating his own entrepreneurial project. I saw that he uploaded a user photo, and a 12-page “career report” was automatically generated within a few seconds. The report would analyze and evaluate a person’s appearance, personality, and inner, and diagnose his career and management style. After many experiments, the accuracy is amazing.
”This is definitely not an AI fortune teller.” Liu Jia repeatedly stressed to reporters that the product is based on sciences such as genetics, psychology, and medicine, and combines cutting-edge technologies such as AI and big data. During the conversation, the reporter speculated that Liu Jia’s goal is likely to be-just a photo, you can understand everything about you.
Surprise, accompanied by fear. Liu Jia’s project is just a small wave in the face recognition wave, but has to admit the fact that our face is becoming a business for others. While enjoying the convenience bonus, people also face the double torture of security risks and ethics.
”People pay as soon as they scan your face. Isn’t this equivalent to a walking password?” The consumer’s “dare not to brush his face” is becoming a common reason for the public to refuse to brush his face. Will the campus brush his face? Involving student privacy? Where is the boundary of cell monitoring? Who will bear the cost of brushing the wrong face? How can city managers apply technology to the place without crossing the borders of citizens’ privacy? If my face is “sold”, am I going to change my face?
These questions are worth exploring, or give a reasonable answer.
The “Oolong Incident” Behind Convenience
who are you? Every day, people need to answer this question countless times to show their identities to various people and machines. Lu Yu ’s police went to the police to present their ID cards; they must scan their passports on entry and exit. Even the well-known Ma Huateng, if the mobile phone has security authentication, it is necessary to prove to the mobile phone “I am me” time and again.
The appearance of face brushing seems to solve this tedious process. Four years ago, when Jack Ma participated in the Communications and Information Technology Expo in Hanover, Germany, he paid for his face with a brush to pay for a 1948 Hanover commemorative stamp on Taobao, and officially pushed his face technology to the stage. People began to realize that Losing documents, cell phones, tickets, and other foreign objects, and traveling the world with one face, is no longer a nightmare.
In front of a dormitory building in Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Songjiang University Town, a junior student Xu Juan was brushing her face to open the door. “I can clearly recognize it with my glasses. I don’t have to go in the door and look for a card. Xu Juan said that since last year, the school has taken the lead in adopting the “Face Recognition” system of an internationally advanced algorithm. You can brush your face in and out of the dormitory, borrow books in the library, and you can walk on campus with one face.
The on-line face brushing system has indeed improved the management efficiency of the school, but there are also shortcomings. For example, students’ photos are long and the pixels are low, which will affect the face recognition rate, but it is a small probability event in general.
In contrast, the turnover rate seems to face greater challenges in urban management. Not long ago, the topic of “Fengchao Express Cabinet Brush Face Vulnerability” rushed to Weibo hot search. Four elementary school students in a primary school in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, holding a printed picture of their parents, successfully opened the Fengchao Express Cabinet at the door of the community , Took away the courier that originally did not belong to them. The results confirm that the face recognition adopted by Fengchao is a 2D flat image with insufficient security level and is easy to crack.
Electronic snapshots are also inevitable. A large cargo driver who has been running the Fujian to Shantou line for a long time said that once he was on vacation at home he had received illegal records of trucks in other provinces. Although it was later confirmed that the facial recognition match was wrong, he also brought him There is no small amount of trouble. “I couldn’t negotiate again for a fine of one or two hundred yuan. It was a waste of time. Later I simply paid the fine.”
The scribbled grass that picked up the face was put on the line, and the “dumb loss” that the large-scale driver eats will inevitably make the public skeptical about the safety factor of face brushing. The scary thing is that the thorny oolong incidents are geographically independent. Some organizations used Amazon’s facial recognition system to scan the faces of 535 members of Congress and compared them with 25,000 criminal photos in the relevant database. As a result, 28 members were identified as criminals by the system. Once face recognition technology is applied to key areas such as justice and law enforcement, the impact of technical problems is by no means just a matter of ridiculous “Oolong Incident”. Last year, Alipay launched its face-sharing payment product “Dragonfly”, with “cash rebate rewards and reduced installation costs” as a sincere invitation, and still encountered small and medium-sized merchants’ shaking their heads. The promotion of face-washing was not smooth.
Where is the boundary of “God’s perspective”
At present, it seems that the embarrassment caused by the turnover rate is not the most worrying issue for technology users. For the monitored person, when they are wrongly judged as illegal or absentee punchers, they will pay the most time and money. Compared with the convenience of the face brush tool, the attitude of most people is tolerable.
Therefore, with the continuous penetration of artificial intelligence in human life, the boundaries of face recognition become particularly important. The argument of “God’s perspective or mortal perspective” has been debated in the industry for many years. Attendance at the gate, treatment in the infirmary, arrest of fugitives at concerts, and even scientists conducting research by recognizing emotion sensors needless to say. But it is also true that more than one university has reservations about facial recognition in the classroom.
”As long as you enter the classroom, the system scans you all the way every 30 seconds. How long do you look down, play with your phone a few times, daze a few times, read a few times, lie on your desk a few times, you can all feel it, If the unfocused behavior reaches a certain point, the system will push a reminder to the display. “Regarding the academic analysis classes started by multiple universities, a university teacher expressed his concerns. He believes that the student’s head-up rate is not accurate. Judging the ability and efficiency of students, and the classroom as a special public place, the behavior of teachers and students under monitoring is probably not real.
And the “smart moral education” system launched by some campuses is more likely to cause ethical controversy. Imagine a scene where teachers used to see good children or mischievous children, if they were not students in this class, they would not know who they were. Now, as long as you pull out your phone and click on the student, the screen immediately pops out his information. Parents ‘positions, children’s ages, and family conditions can be clearly discerned. Combined with different students’ family information, will the teacher use different processing methods? It’s hard to say, but it is certain that the traditional teaching and non-class, students are equal, under similar circumstances, they were swayed by “brushing artifact”.
When should I brush my face, where is the ethical boundary of brushing my face, and the contradiction of social contradictions about borders has become increasingly prominent. A face brushing system agent told reporters that a gym had approached them and said that in order to prevent the loss of physical keys, he hoped to add a “face brushing” system to the locker in the locker room. His first reaction was “reject”. “You use a camera on a locker in the locker room, which is a very big mistake in itself. Such a place involving public privacy should firmly not allow face recognition.”
So, in other words, does it make sense to use face recognition in public places? not necessarily. A bookstore in Paris, France, analyzes the surveillance video and carefully observes the movements of shoppers. The clerk will come forward to provide the “intelligence” service, but in front of the machine, every forced yawn and every trace of anger will be affected. Perceived that interpersonal relationships may become more rational and seem to be more mechanical and indifferent. May I ask, is this God ’s perspective really good?
Earlier, the public expressed strong dissatisfaction with a street view software installed on Google’s smartphones. This is because when the software scans the street view, it will also collect facial information of pedestrians passing by. Google eventually compromised and Face information is mosaic. It ’s just that once the “God Perspective” button is triggered, who will guarantee that there will be no “second Google” appearing secretly while you are walking, sitting on the subway, and unknowingly collecting your face information away, and You are unaware.
In the circle of face recognition, the boundary is still a “regular black hole” that cannot be explored to the present.
The risk of face selling is terrible
So, the question is, is it okay for me to collect information as long as I don’t do bad things that violate laws and regulations. As Apple CEO Cook once said, “The technology itself is not good or bad, everything is up to us.”
In the four years of rapid development of face recognition, security risks and ethical consequences are not alarmist. In September this year, there were media reports that online businesses were selling 170,000 pieces of “face data”, covering portraits of 2,000 people, and each person had about 50 to 100 photos, without being known by the seller.
According to peddling merchants, he usually works in artificial intelligence-related work and collects facial data for sale, but it is just “making a meal”. Among the facial samples he sells, some are captured from search engines. Part of it comes from the database of a foreign software company.
Take the short-lived face-changing game “ZAO” as an example, and covertly collect user’s face information under the “invisible clause”. It lowers the threshold for using AI face-changing, but it may also be used by i. The false propaganda of the “star president shaking hands”, if Ma Yun’s “endorsement” video works well, it is also a matter of minutes to replace the opening blood of “Ma Yun’s Quotations”. Imagine if someone changed our face to the protagonist of the crime, the hostage who was kidnapped … or pretended to be us for a video call to defraud relatives and friends, the consequences would be disastrous.
Of course, even more terrible is “someone disguised your face”. Forbes reporter used a synthesized 3D avatar to print a 3D head shape, and successfully unlocked 4 mobile phones. Face recognition was successfully deceived, which proves that How low is the camouflage threshold.
The first time after the “ZAO” was removed, Alipay once stood out and responded, “No matter how realistic the face-changing software is, we can’t break through the payment of face-painting.” . Because facial information is biological information with unique characteristics, bank card information leakage can also be replaced with a bank card. After the leakage of face information, it will be leaked for life. In the future, it is very likely that when we walk into a store, the clerk will immediately know everything about us: identity, occupation, income, preferences, personality … and when this day comes, everyone will be in ” “Streaking” status, even wearing a mask will not help, because the camera can also recognize your body shape and even gait.
Technology is ahead of regulation
Frankly speaking, unless we are isolated from the world, we cannot completely refuse face recognition.
At present, the country does not have a special law addressing the problems of “face recognition” and “brushing.” When technology is ahead of regulation, should brushing be disabled? If the law can’t keep up, it will restrict the development of science and technology. It is a “wasteful practice”. It is not wise or advisable. In general, the development of new technologies such as “brushing face”, “two-dimensional code” and “fingerprint recognition” will bring convenience to society. The advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Synthesizing the current practice in many countries in the world, legislation has begun to strengthen the application of scene information collection constraints. In July of this year, Somerville, Massachusetts became the second city in the United States to ban face recognition, but it only banned the right to use public places and did not involve business.
In theory, all data has the potential to leak. For individuals, there is a need to weigh and choose convenience and protection of personal information. For those who value personal information more than convenience, it is best not to use any app that requires face recognition at all, and force companies to do well through market mechanisms. privacy protection.
However, some experts also reminded that the popularization of face data is still far from being fully aware of its hidden risks. “Many customers simply cannot understand the specific meanings of the contents of those authorization documents, but in order to use those services , Still agreed to the authorization. “Therefore, while the technology is still at risk, it should be used in a variety of commercial fields and should be cautious.
Lei Chaozi, director of the Department of Science and Technology of the Ministry of Education, also issued a reminder, suggesting that schools use these technical software carefully. Personal information of students can be collected without collecting or less. These warnings also apply to city management, business operations, and even personal life. The key is whether these reminders can attract enough attention? In the “brush face” era, can the public be responsible for their own safety?
There is a saying that technology is born for lazy people, the more convenient the better. According to a smart community project agent recalling that when they were working on a smart community project, some community users wanted to use the face recognition system while retaining the original magnetic access control and other methods. They did, “but I have experienced brushing my face. People basically forgot the magnetic buckle method, because he tasted the sweetness of convenience. “