Ancients with their drinks

   The simplest drink for human beings is clear water. Mineral water, bottled water and boiled water all belong to this r category. But the way of drinking water is subtly different. The Chinese do not like cold things, so they must drink boiling water and hot tea. Shennong tasted Baicao and was often poisoned. The color of the internal organs changed drastically, but it could be detoxified with tea. This legend is deeply rooted in people’s hearts, so drinking tea has become the first choice of ancient beverages.
   Tea is native to the hills and produced in Sichuan in the Han Dynasty. The article “Children’s Engagement” written by Wang Xi in the Western Han Dynasty is a game article between Wang Xi and Jia Ding. The article mentioned “Wuyang buying tea”, but it is an important material for understanding the life of the Han Dynasty. Before the Tang Dynasty, because of inconvenient transportation and fresh tea, when the Tangs drank tea, they put some ginger slices and salt in it, which may be regarded as a poison. At that time, the tea came from Jiangnan. The profit was not low, and ordinary people could not afford it.
   After the Song Dynasty. Jiangnan has been gradually developed and the transportation is also convenient. Drinking tea has become the enjoyment of ordinary people. There are tea houses everywhere in Lin’an City. Ouyang Xiu’s “Gu Gu Lu” mentioned: Teahouses will put a porcelain statue of Lu Yu, which is considered a god of walk. When business is not good, tea soup is poured on Lu Yu and he can also attract customers. After the Ming Dynasty, drinking tea was even more common. Whenever there is a visitor, you must first serve a cup of hot tea. The tea that was drinking at that time was not necessarily good, but it must be hot. For example, in the second round of “Ru Lin Wai Shi”, a monk “picked a handful of kuding tea, filled it with water, sizzled on the fire, and sent it to everyone “Eat bit.”
   This “sizzling hot” water is the original meaning of the word “soup.” Master Confucius asked everyone to “see less than good. See less good like exploring soup.” Hot water is hot, how can you probe it by hand? “Journey to the West” mentions the monks and apprentices of Tang. Every time they visit a temple, someone must “fast, add soup, and change water.” When Sun Wukong made a big noise in Heifeng Mountain, he entrusted the master to the monks of Guanyin Temple. The monks did not dare to neglect. Only half a day later, the Tang monk had “eaten tea and tea three times, and two meals fast”. The tea soup here, of course, refers to hot tea, not the green tofu soup or the like in everyone’s mouth today.
   Soup and tea are two things. Soup is also a kind of medicine. The ancients served soup medicine. Most of them refer to the medicine soup that was “fried” with herbs. “Fried” is boiled with fire. In “Jin Ping Mei”, Ximen Qing went to Wang Po’s shop and drank plum soup, Hehe soup, and put more sugar, that is, plum soup instead of tea. The Chinese have long understood the medicinal properties of plums. Zhang Zhongjing of the Han Dynasty once made Wumei pills to treat gastrointestinal parasites. In the Song Dynasty, black plums were made into plum water, which could cure chronic cough, nausea, and insecticide. Since the Ming Dynasty, it has become a popular drink in the country. Today, the Chinese still love sour plum soup and become a popular drink.
   Ordinary people cannot always drink the drinks sold in the store, and generally drink boiled water. This habit is the same in both China and China. In summer, you have to boil the water and let it cool, which is called cool white, which is both sanitary and safe. The habit of drinking hot soup and hot water is quite expensive. It is impossible for ordinary people to have a fire on the stove. How much firewood does it take? But there is also a solution: in general towns, where there are many residents, there will be a “tiger stove” set up. Supply hot water at any time. Most people need hot water temporarily, so they can buy copper with copper tincture and make tea or soup. In modern times, every household has water heaters and gas stoves, and tiger stoves are gradually closed. Only in the university dormitory, can you see the water room, which supplies hot water.
   Before modern times, Westerners did not know what tea or coffee was, and most people could not afford alcohol or fruit juice. They could only drink raw water, and digestive tract diseases often occurred. After the 14th century, black death was rampant in many parts of Europe. Many people didn’t know where they were. They thought that someone deliberately poisoned and even dared not drink well water or river water. They could only drink “rootless water”. Unrooted water is rain and cannot be used often. Sun Wukong pointed out in the sixty-ninth round of “Journey to the West”: “The water in the well in the river has roots. I have no root water, but I fall from the sky and eat without touching the ground. It is called rootless water. “The Black Death is plague, which is widespread but has nothing to do with drinking water. At that time, Europeans had poor sanitary habits. There were too many rats near their homes, and plague fleas came to people, and the Black Death became popular.
   It is also true that Europeans do not drink boiled water. Thames water has been used by residents of London since ancient times. However, before modern times, there were no water purification devices, and most of the residents directly took water for use. When the ancient population was small, rivers could also have self-cleaning functions. In modern times, the population has gradually increased, and after a river has passed through thousands of households, it can become unclean. According to records, a bakery in the city of London is next to the dyeing house, and the baked bread reflects the coloring materials used by the dyeing house that day. At that time, some doctors also prescribed a prescription to use the Thames water as a “laxative”. Are you scary?