The European Parliament has recently passed the Brexit agreement to complete the last legal process, putting an end to the Brexit process, which has lasted three and a half years. The members present sang “Friendship forever” to bid farewell to the United Kingdom, and the chief representative of the European Union ’s Brexit negotiations, Barnier, said something meaningful. “.
The referendum on Brexit was a political gambling by then-Prime Minister Cameron in order to expand the ruling base, but eventually evolved into the worst political disaster in European construction history. The realistic background is that the European Union’s multiple crises have accumulated in recent years, and the European integration is in the most difficult period in history. The people habitually blamed economic immigration and economic globalization on foreign immigration and economic globalization. In order to win votes and expand their influence, British politicians also claimed that Brexit would prevent or even repatriate economic immigrants from Central and Eastern Europe. The European Union also saved a weekly budget of 350 million pounds for the European Union and so on.
Looking back, why did Britain choose to join the European Community in 1973? The decision was made mainly because of the role of European integration in promoting economic prosperity. It can be seen that the European Union really had great appeal to many European countries. However, Britain ’s mentality is also representative. It is unwilling to pay, only wants benefits, and only wants to build the EU into its largest free trade zone. It does not want the EU to play any role in world politics and in international affairs. Actively follow the United States, and find more reasons from the European Union when problems occur.
Brexit is also a concentrated expression of populism and nationalism prevailing in the world today. It is a concentrated expression of the trend of anti-globalization under the unfair distribution of resources and wealth, which is obviously a kind of harm to the European Union.
The most significant sign of European integration is the free flow of people, goods, capital, and services. A single large market has greatly promoted the economic development of member states. However, contradictions among members are becoming more and more open. For example, Germany is both the biggest beneficiary of the victory of the Cold War and the main beneficiary of European economic integration. Many EU member states, including France, have criticized Germany. Germany’s attitude towards the EU’s eastward expansion is the most active. The basic consideration is to occupy the Central and Eastern European market. After the Greek-Italian sovereign debt crisis erupted, Germany and France made various demands in the name of help. The basic purpose was still to protect the interests of domestic bank capital, which has been much criticized. Italy refuses to accept the conditions.
On the whole, however, each member country has benefited from the integration, and two-thirds or even more of its foreign trade takes place in the EU. After the Brexit referendum, no member states have raised objections to the EU. Although the Italian far-right government has made many accusations against the EU and refused to implement policy restrictions such as the EU ’s budget reduction, it has clearly stated that it will not leave the EU. Some countries’ enthusiasm for joining the union has not been affected.
As Barnier and French Foreign Minister Ledrien have said, Brexit is one of the common disasters between Europe and Britain, and the more difficult time is still behind. The EU has lost its status as the “second largest economy”, its overall strength has been weakened, and expansion will be more cautious.
The United Kingdom has lost an important strategic support and a convenient large market for trade, and it will be more difficult for Europe-UK relations, especially trade relations, to be negotiated. Many problems facing Britain, such as immigration in Central and Eastern Europe and refugees in the Middle East, will not be resolved with Brexit, and the status of Britain’s millions of immigrants in the European Union needs to be redefined. Therefore, both the EU and the UK are in a contraction situation, and the tendency to look inside has become more prominent.