The World Health Organization has recently announced that the outbreak of pneumonia caused by a new coronavirus is an “public health emergency of international concern” (PHEIC). Earlier, some countries have announced the withdrawal of Chinese from China, and some foreign airlines have suspended or reduced flights to and from China. In the face of such sudden changes, how can we actively respond to the current situation in diplomacy? WHO announced PHEIC, but also emphasized that it does not recommend travel and trade restrictions on China.
Some countries have adopted measures such as strict control of the entry of Chinese citizens due to concerns about the transmission of imported cases and the spread of the virus, and even a few foreigners have shown emotions and words that discriminate against Chinese and exclude Chinese. Among them, the measures and actions taken by some countries are obviously an overreaction, while others consider the epidemic situation is still changing due to specific reasons, and its development prospects are still unclear.
We need to understand and respect this. And for certain anti-Chinese sentiment, it is necessary to let foreign people understand and understand through various channels. This is a public health event, not a matter of nationality or even race. More importantly, we must continue our current efforts to report the epidemic situation and prevention and control situation to the international community in a timely, objective, transparent and professional manner. At the same time, continue to strengthen cooperation with foreign governments and international organizations such as WHO to avoid further international spread of immunization, especially to help countries with weak health systems to actively carry out preventive actions. The sudden outbreak of the new crown virus is not only a huge challenge to China’s governance system and capacity from the central to the local, from the government to the society, but also a test of Chinese diplomacy, especially emergency diplomacy.
The so-called emergency diplomacy is diplomacy carried out in the face of emergencies or crises. First of all, to further gain the understanding and support of the international community. After the outbreak of the new coronavirus in Wuhan, the foreign affairs department of the Chinese government notified the relevant countries and international organizations in a timely manner and shared information such as the genetic sequence of the virus, thereby helping other countries to quickly diagnose and take protective measures to reduce the epidemic.
International spread. China also invited WHO to convene and lead international experts to China to assess the epidemic and provide professional technical support. China also welcomes and thanks the various assistance provided by the international community. At the same time, we must also attach importance to further objectively and professionally explain and introduce the causes and characteristics of the epidemic through foreign agencies and international media, the measures and actions taken by the Chinese government, the progress made and the difficulties encountered. And possible development trends and prospects in the next stage.
While keeping the foreign people informed of the epidemic in a timely manner, they can also actively respond to various doubts in order to gain the understanding and support of the international community on China’s determination and actions to respond to the epidemic. Second, actively carry out international coordination and international cooperation. The decision of the WHO objectively states that, on the one hand, it will have an adverse effect on China’s economic and social development in the short term, and may have some impact on China’s international image; but on the other hand, it will also help us to win more international assistance. The support and support will be more conducive to the coordinated action of the international community in the joint response to the epidemic.
For example, how to properly arrange Chinese citizens who have previously lived in Hubei, especially Wuhan, and are now traveling or working abroad to relocate or return home safely? This requires the full cooperation of our embassies and consulates abroad with tourism, telecommunications, transportation, customs and other departments to comprehensively grasp the relevant information, and at the same time to actively and closely coordinate with the host government to make corresponding arrangements that are satisfactory to both sides. Another example is how to keep close communication with the relevant local embassies and consulates or their own governments while foreign citizens traveling, working, studying and living in China, especially in areas with severe epidemics, while keeping abreast of their developments and helping them cope with the epidemic. And coordinate and properly handle and arrange the lives of foreign citizens?
At present, our foreign affairs department has made every effort to arrange charter flights to pick up Hubei passengers who are stranded in the local area and return to Wuhan, reflecting the responsibility of the country. Third, turn crisis into opportunity through cooperation with international organizations. The epidemic has caused difficulties and troubles for some countries in a short time, but in the long run, China’s accumulated experience and methods in responding to the epidemic can contribute to the international community’s response to the current and future public health crisis.
The outbreak was caused by a new type of coronavirus. Knowledge and technology, as well as the experience and methods accumulated in the treatment of pneumonia caused by the new crown virus infection, will help us to have a greater say and first-hand information in the development of assessment standards and procedures for dealing with the new crown virus infection. Objectively speaking, this Will benefit me We make our contribution to global public health governance. To this end, we need to further strengthen cooperation with international agencies such as WHO in the response to this epidemic. On the one hand, actively fighting for and utilizing the technical and business resources of international organizations to help us better control the spread of the epidemic; on the other hand, sharing the experience gained in the response to the epidemic to other countries in a timely manner through international organizations, especially those who have already Countries and regions affected by the epidemic. For countries with weak health systems, we can even provide more and more direct help. Faced with emergencies and crises, China’s diplomacy has been tested many times.
Compared with previous infectious diseases such as SARS, this public health emergency has many new features, and China’s strength and status now and its international environment have also undergone great changes. This is a new challenge to the concept, mechanism and capabilities of China’s emergency diplomacy. In addition to carrying out traditional diplomacy, we must also actively use international organizations to play the role of public and health diplomacy. The epidemic is transnational in nature and is a non-traditional security threat. Cooperation with international agencies such as WHO should be a basic approach to emergency diplomacy.
Public health involves human health and safety, and there is a special need to mobilize social forces outside the government. Vigorously carrying out public diplomacy can better win international support and international cooperation. Public health is a global issue, both professional and extensive. In emergency diplomacy, we can focus on health diplomacy, strengthen cooperation in the health field, and take into account crisis response and long-term governance.
We believe that China’s emergency diplomacy will definitely stand the test and China’s international cooperation capability will be further enhanced. By actively and effectively responding to this public health emergency, deeply reflecting and continuously improving our governance system, we can further enhance our governance capabilities, and at the same time, provide more useful lessons and experiences for international health cooperation and global health governance . undefined