The ancient Greeks believed that the “Three Goddess of Destiny” held the destiny of sentient beings. No one can resist the arrangement of destiny. The legend of Oedipus is the best interpretation of Greek primitive beliefs.
Oedipus’s story of “killing his father and marrying his mother” is widely known for being given a dramatic interpretation by Greek writers. His tragic fate came from the curse of his father, Layos, who was warmly treated by King Pelopus in Pisa, but he abducted Pelops’ son, Crisis, and angry Pe Lopus cursed Laios to kill his parents.
Later, Laois inherited the throne of worship and married Ioskas as his wife, but the two had no children. Depressed Laos came to the Temple of Apollo and offered a sacrifice to the God of Apollo. The priestess of Apollo conveyed the shrine to him: “Son of Rabdakos, the gods will fulfill your wishes and you will There is a son. But you need to know that you will die in the hands of your own son, and the curse of Pelopus will come true. ”
Later, Iokas succeeded in giving birth to a baby boy in order to avoid the scourge Frightened, Layos pierced the baby’s ankle with an iron spike and asked the slave to discard the baby. The shepherd of Collins picked up the baby boy and dedicated it to the king who had no children. The child’s ankle was swollen from an injury. The king named the child “Oedipus” (meaning “swollen foot”). Oedipus grew up in Corinth’s court from an early age. The King and his wife kept him a secret that he was an abandoned baby and treated him like a biological son.
As an adult, Oedipus learned by accident that he would “kill his father and marry his mother” in the future, but he did not know that the King and his wife were not his biological parents. To prevent the prophecy from coming true, Oedipus left Corinth and became a homeless wanderer.
Oedipus met with many accompanying carriages on the wandering road. The driver waved the whip in his hand to rudely give Oedipus the way. The old man sitting on the cart also beat his head with a cane. Oedipus fought back with a cane, and the old man died on the spot. The old man who died was his biological father, Laios.
Oedipus unknowingly came to worship, and the city of worship at this time was being shrouded in fear-the monster Sphinx lingered on Mount Sphinxion near worship. Sphinx is a sphinx monster, and she asks people who come and go to ask questions about the riddle, and those who can’t guess the answer will be eaten by her.
Sphinx is usually a male, and its image originates from ancient Egypt. The Sphinx on the east of the pyramid of Hafra is the most famous surviving Sphinx. It is said that his face comes from Pharaoh Huff Pull the image. Later, legends about Sphinx spread to ancient Greece, and the image of Sphinx appeared on Greek pottery. The earthen jar is an important household item for the Greeks. The carefully drawn patterns on it are a mirror of our understanding of Greek history.
In the 7th century BC, Greeks pursuing “exotic style” decorated pottery with animals and plants of ancient Egypt and the two river basins and images of strange beasts, sphinxes with sphinxes and winged monsters with eagles. Riffin is a popular subject. Since then, the image of Sphinx has gradually become familiar to the Greeks. On the red painted pottery of 470 BC, Oedipus thoughtfully wearing a hat, a cloak, and a hand on his chin. Sphinx crouched on an Ionian pillar and asked Oedipus: “What is walking on four legs in the morning, walking on two legs at noon, but walking on three legs at night? No living creature on the earth is better than He changed so much. When he walked on four roads, he had less strength and slower movements than other times. “Oedipus gave the answer without hesitation:” It’s a person! In the morning, it means a person. ” Infancy, babies can only crawl; noon refers to the adulthood of a person who walks on two legs; night refers to the late years of a person, and people need to walk with crutches. “Oedipus, who solved the Sphynx riddle A turning point in fate was ushered in: he lifted the city’s crisis, was embraced as a king, and married the widow of Raius-Oedipus, who had been hiding from fate, had not escaped “kill “Father marries mother.”
”Oedipus and Sphinx” is a mythical work by French neoclassical painter Jean Auguste Dominique Angel, with white bones piled up beside the stones at the foot of Oedipus. Implied Sphinx’s cruelty. Angel’s work depicts the beauty of the quiet and sublime reason, and the body of Oedipus and Sphinx gives a feeling of stillness. Symbolist painter Gustav Morrow’s work on the same subject matter is full of mystery. Moro’s works, although derived from classical themes, are more complex, mysterious and more refined than classical art. Therefore, he was regarded as the pioneer of surrealist painting, and his studio trained Brutalist painter Henry Matisse.
Morrow’s father was an architect, and his mother loved music, which had a great impact on Morrow. His works are always reminiscent of beautiful music. In 1846, Morrow entered the Paris School of Fine Arts in France and studied under the classical painter Pico, but the artist who had the most influence on Morrow was the romantic painter Eugene Delacroix. Morrow, like Delacroix, was interested in Arabic patterns and women’s exaggerated clothing. In 1857, Morrow went to Italy for a study tour. During the two years of study tour, he copied a large number of works by classical artists. In 1864, at a salon exhibition, Morrow presented his work “Oedipus and Sphinx” to the public. This work earned a great reputation for the painter. Sphinx maintains the consistent style of women in Morrow’s writings–beautiful in appearance and cold in heart. Sphinx pounced on Oedipus in a strange posture. Her flattering contrasted with the firm-willed Oedipus. The Renaissance Venetian art had a strong influence on Moro from the expression of the landscape. Impact. Morrow gave modern interpretations to mysterious ancient myths, and poet Theofil Gaultier described him as “creating a Greek Hamlet”.