From the night of June 30, 1942 until July 1st, a three-engine aircraft crossed the eastward flight over the Don River-Rostov on the Sud front, and it flew to the east after 12 hours. The Sino-Soviet border area between the Altai Mountains and the Talbagat Mountains. At the same time in Rome, Benito kept his phone on the phone, waiting for a call from the Italian Air Force Commander Reno Krsso Vrella.
After the Germans and Italians voted for the invasion of the Soviet Union, their contact with Japan, the other of the Axis Powers, was terminated. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 This situation is more difficult to change.
Although East France and the Allies of Japan rejected the original obligations of the Axis nations, Tokyo, Berlin and Rome for their own interests urgently need to coordinate and cooperate with each other, especially to exchange military technology and provide shortage of raw materials. At the end of the war During 3 years, it is especially necessary to resort to pilots and sailors from 3 countries to solve this problem.
Portraits of the leaders of the Axis Powers during World War II, from left to right: Mussolini in Italy, Hitler in Germany, and Yuren in Japan
The Italians made their first attempt. Since the beginning of 1942, their supreme command has doubts in advance whether the British and American allies have cracked their diplomatic code, and this is precisely the Italians’ radio communication with their embassy in Tokyo. You have to consider it, and in order to keep this secret, you need to change the new password, but how to do it? Italy and Japan are thousands of miles away, can they escape the control of the Allied forces?
Sailing under Soviet artillery fire
This difficult mission was ultimately entrusted to the Air Force giant. The pilots mastered the Savoia-Marchetti (SM).75 large transport aircraft, and decided to convert this aircraft into a class with ultra-long range to adapt The need for new tasks.
During the Second World War, the Italians always paid close attention to the aviation field, starting from the “leader” Mussolini himself, until his son Bruno and his son-in-law Galeco Ziano, many fascist leaders were keen to fly activity.
Goering, commander of the air force of Nazi Germany
At the beginning of the World War, the Italian Air Force carried out a striking air raid. The target was the British oil production plant in Bahrain. For this reason, its pilots were forced to drive a long distance of 4,000 kilometers to the destination. At present, the task is more complicated and arduous than ever before, with a range of more than 8,000 kilometers, and more than half of the range is over Soviet territory, all below are mountains and desert terrain, and a detailed, safe and reliable aeronautical chart Not available.
The most modernized SM.75 GA aircraft flew to Eritrea for the first test flight in May 1942, which was the original Italian colony and was later occupied by the British. The Italian plane flew over the capital city of Asmara and dropped a brochure with the content “Don’t forget the Romans, we are back!” However, the plane came between the bases in a few days In the slalom, due to an accidental crash, it was necessary to step up and prepare the second aircraft of this type for emergency needs.
On June 29, the plane moved to Zaporozhye airport and was ready to take off the following evening, in order to reduce the risk of exposure when crossing the Soviet-German line of engagement. There are 5 crew members and some well-preserved mailboxes on the aircraft, all of which are highly confidential documents, including the newly changed password and pilot chart. However, none of these randomly carried documents can prove that this SM.75 GA is ready to fly to Japan, so as to avoid any accidents leading to leaks.
Tokyo provided sufficient conditions for the voyage, but was careful not to annoy the Soviet Union, because Japan is negotiating with the Soviet side to sign a mutual neutral treaty. Therefore, it requires the Italian side to destroy all sensitive objects on board when an accident occurs. It is also necessary to maintain radio silence during the flight, and the fuel of the aircraft must be topped up, in order to be in one step. During the first voyage, the flight altitude must be kept below 800 meters, which keeps the aircraft within the range threatened by Soviet anti-aircraft firepower and searchlights. In addition, it also needs to be protected from Soviet Air Force Jacques fighter jets.
Nazi Air Force Commander Goering was furious
According to the original plan of the Italians, the plane was to land in Tokyo. However, in order to achieve this goal, it took a full two months to build the famous Dollet yard in Tokyo, and after that, more advanced safety measures were adopted. On July 3, the plane landed at Tachikawa Airport near Tokyo.
Two weeks later, the plane embarked on a return journey, during which it made a takeoff and landing in Baotou, and then sailed through the Soviet airspace for thousands of kilometers without incident. However, on the way to the nearest Italian base, when arriving at Stalino near Donetsk, the plane flew to Odessa because the radioman failed to communicate with the ground. Finally, when the plane landed at Rome Airport, Mussolini personally greeted him and presented the highest empire award to all the crew.
After learning about the amazing achievements of the Italians, Goering, the commander of the Air Force of Nazi Germany, snarled at his subordinates: “Why these guys who only eat macaroni can play such a big trick, but our people can’t do it. To?” Indeed, the Germans had never built an air bridge to the east. To achieve this goal, although they had specifically selected a four-engine aircraft such as Ju-290 to implement, they never flew “The Land of the Rising Sun”. The plan they initially envisioned was for the aircraft to take off from Finland, fly along the Arctic Ocean for a while, and then cross Siberia before landing in Manchuria. But Japan was still afraid of the Soviet Union’s discovery and did not agree to this route.
The Japanese dismembered the plan out of self-interested political considerations, and then they suggested changing the flight route to the southern route, and they must also depart from Bulgaria. However, German aircraft flying on this route will inevitably be threatened by the Allied forces. Germany’s last aviation flight with Japanese significance was in 1945. At that time, it was the new German military officer in Japan, Kesler, but his Ju-290 aircraft was in danger in Travemund, so this The flight plan was abandoned, and he had to board the U-234 submarine to take office.
Start underwater escort mode
The strategic raw materials required by the fascist German military industry are extremely dependent on imports. At first, they tried to count on surface ships to guarantee the supply, calling this action “breaking the sea blockade.” Between 1941 and 1942, their high-speed transport ships were actively sourcing overseas. These areas included a series of Japanese occupied areas. For example, they had obtained 32,000 tons of rubber from South and Southeast Asia controlled by Japan. As the Allied forces continued to strengthen their control of ocean navigation, the only way to achieve personnel and material exchanges between Germany and Japan was to rely on submarines. By 1942, Japan occupied Indonesia and Malacca, which shortened the dangerous range of 5000 kilometers for the German submarine connected to Japan.
For the project of using submarine to cooperate with Germany, Japan has given a code name of “Liu”. Five submarines have participated in the implementation of this operation. I-30 has become the first project in the project for transportation. Cargo submarine, it successfully crossed the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic to reach its destination. On April 22, 1942, it set sail from Penang, Malacca. During its journey to Europe, it also participated in an attack on the British fleet in Diego-Suvarez in the Gulf of Madagascar (the submarine also carried an abandoned land and water The dual-use aircraft was discovered by the other party, and then two miniature submarines in Japan infiltrated the bay). On August 30, the I-30 submarine sailed into the Bay of Biscay, where they were greeted by German aircraft and minesweepers, and opened a safe passage to Lorient, France.
As the Allied Forces continue to strengthen their control of ocean navigation, Germany and Japan can only rely on submarines for personnel and material exchanges
The crew of the Japanese submarine who arrived in Germany was greeted with great enthusiasm. The captain Endou Fumino was also received by Hitler and awarded him the Iron Cross Medal. The Japanese carried 1.5 tons of mica and 700 kilograms of shellac this time. Shellac was extracted from tropical forests. It was an important raw material used to produce plates at that time, and it was indispensable for the production of electrical products. In addition, the I-30 submarine also sent design drawings and product samples of the 91-type aviation torpedo, which is an obvious example of the Germans obtaining technical support from Japan.
In exchange, the Germans handed over the PVO Wurzburg radar system to Japan, with complete drawings, G7a and G7e torpedoes and torpedo autopilots, artillery fire command systems, anti-tank and anti-aircraft guns, rockets, anti-sonar collection Devices, industrial diamonds and 50 Enigma code deciphering machines. During the stay of the Japanese submarine in Germany, the Germans installed radar detectors for the boat and replaced their anti-aircraft guns with more advanced ones. All these practices are precisely for Japan to play a greater role in the East, enough to alleviate the pressure on the German side. The Japanese submarine, fully loaded with these gifts, sailed home on September 22 and successfully arrived in Penang on October 8. As a result, the submarine went straight to the nearest Singapore in the direction of the sight. Unexpectedly, the mine was suddenly triggered and sank just a few nautical miles from the shore. Although most of the members were rescued, all the cargo of inestimable value sank to the bottom of the sea. After the divers tried to salvage, only the artillery was rescued. More importantly, the Wurzburg radar and its accessories and drawings disappeared. Either it was damaged due to an explosion on the boat, or it could not be used due to seawater immersion and corrosion. The only remaining valuable ones are a few code-breaking machines, which are handed over to the navy stationed in Penang.
This limited chance of success prompted the Japanese to continue to try to “break through the blockade”. On July 1, 1943, the I-8 submarine sailed out of Wugang, Japan. The cargo on board included the world’s fastest 95-type torpedo, the amphibious reconnaissance aircraft Yokosuka E14Y, and the drawings of the air loader. At the same time, the divers equipped on the boat will also be commanded by the German Type 9 submarine to sail through the Baltic Sea route, and will later lead it to Japan separately. On the way, the I-8 submarine was moored in Singapore, where it brought quinine, rubber and tin ore. After the submarine merged with the German submarine on the Atlantic Ocean, in order to continue the safety of the navigation, the Germans equipped it with a code breaker. The commander of the German Navy Fleet instructed them to keep in touch with the Allied air operations by deciphering the password, thereby concealing themselves, and changing the destination from Lorient, France to Brest, so that they arrived on August 31 Brest.
On the way home, there were two Japanese Navy personnel who returned to China to report their duties. There are also some German engineers, technicians and sailors. The cargo carried includes all kinds of military equipment and technical equipment. It is needless to say that the ground-to-air and air-to-ground weapons, even the newly-invented penicillin medicines, have many types. The I-8 submarine became the only capable ship with a full voyage and completed the “Liu” plan in all directions. The ship was safe on December 21 of that year after sailing 56,000 kilometers under the air fire of saturation along the way. Return to Wugang. Germany used Goebbels-style hype to show off its huge voyage to the world, and publicly announced that in the future, Japanese submarines can freely ride the high seas to the Atlantic!
Photos of Japan’s I-29 submarine to Germany
On December 17, 1943, the I-29 submarine sailing to Germany carried 80 tons of rubber, 80 tons of tungsten ore, 5 tons of tin ore, 2 tons of zinc ore, 3 tons of quinine, and opium and coffee. At that time, the Germans had exhausted the coffee raw materials and had to use substitutes to maintain their needs. As early as a few months ago, the I-29 submarine completed a highly confidential mission and took over the German submarine U-180 on the coast of Mozambique. At that time, there was also Subuhas Chandra. Boss, leader of the anti-British resistance. Boss went to Germany from India via the Soviet Union in 1941 and was received by Hitler and Himmler. The Nazis thought he was an ally with common interests, so he was allowed to form an “Indian Legion” in Germany. However, Boss quickly disappointed the Nazis and decided to vote for the Japanese in order to establish a base in Asia and lead the anti-British struggle. This time the Japanese I-29 submarine sent him to Singapore. He later established and led an “Indian National Army” in Singapore, as well as an Indian government in exile named “Azad Sinde”. No wonder the Japanese also believe that the meaning of surrounding Bos is no less than gaining the fighting power of an entire infantry division. When they came to Germany this time, the Japanese also handed over two tons of gold to their embassies for future drawings and weapons transactions with the German side.
On March 11, 1944, the I-29 submarine arrived in Lorient, France. Although it was repeatedly attacked by allied seas and air on the way, it had to slow down the sailing speed. However, the help of the code-breaking machine was eventually destroyed. His captain Takagaki Kuri was received by Hitler and was awarded the Iron Cross. During the return journey, the ship was loaded with some absolutely confidential cargo, including drawings of the rocket fighter Me-163 and jet fighter Me-262 and samples of their engines, the fuselage of the cruise missile Fau-1, and a series of other The latest weapon series also has rare materials, such as: radium amalgam with radioactive radium, and a large amount of uranium. The German side sent a special escort, and another 18 experts accompanied them.
After the submarine arrived in Singapore, the Germans left with drawings and documents in order to fly to Japan. Their technicians remained on the boat, and then the submarine continued to travel, preparing to go directly to the destination Japan to end the voyage. However, the Americans deciphered the contents of the Japanese communication and closely followed the actions of I-29. On July 26, 1944, the boat was sunk in the Philippine waters by a US military submarine.
The Japanese’s last attempt to break through the blockade and sail to Europe was put into effect by the I-52 submarine, which sailed on March 10, 1944, loaded with 10 tons of molybdenum ore, 11 tons of tungsten ore, 120 tons of tin ore, 60 tons of rubber, 3 tons of quinine, 54 kilograms of coffee, and 2200 kilograms of gold in these goods, which is a reward for providing technology to the German side. While waiting at the port of Lorient to receive the goods from Japan, there are 800 kilograms of uranium oxide, but the United States and Britain have closely watched this submarine from the beginning. Its predecessor I-34 was sunk by the British in the Straits of Malacca in November 1943, and was doomed not far after it sailed. After crossing the Atlantic Ocean, I-52 met with German submarines near the Cape Verde Islands. As usual, he covered himself with the Enigma code deciphering machine. However, the Americans had already arranged and waited slightly north of the Japanese. It was a squadron drawn from the formation of aircraft carriers and 5 destroyers. They dropped a radio hydroacoustic buoy around the Japanese submarine for positioning with an airplane, and then launched it automatically guided by the submarine engine noise.
Uranium for the Emperor
From the German perspective, there was only one successful “breakthrough blockade” attempt. This was its U-511 submarine. It sailed from Lorient, France, on May 10, 1943, and successfully arrived in Japan after a 90-day flight. Its members operated underwater throughout the journey, sending the fully loaded cargo and a whole team of German defense scholars to the Emperor Nomura of the European Navy, the emperor of Japan. In addition, it also sunk two Allied transport ships on the way, which can be described as remarkable results. After arriving in Japan, the submarine announced that Hitler would present all these gifts to the Emperor of Japan and be included in the Japanese Navy Fleet under the RO-500 number.
The gifts brought by the U-234 submarine are the most valuable “end-of-life” gifts, a gift that Hitler promised to the Japanese emperor and realized in advance. It is clearly that Hitler, who is about to perish, will entrust his unfinished business to his unfinished business. To complete the Japanese fascists who are still struggling to die, the intention is good. Seeing the family members poured out by the Germans is enough to prove that the gifts loaded on the boats are large and complete and are the most important military research results of the Germans. Among them are electrical torpedoes, Henschel Hs 293 aviation bombs, and Me-262 jets. Fighters, most of the total cargo of 240 tons are classified products. However, the most mysterious among them was also noted in the list in advance. It was actually 560 kg of uranium oxide. There is only one explanation. The Germans unequivocally provided radioactive materials to Japan. On the eve of the fall, the Nazi leader handed over his unsuccessful nuclear weapons to the Japanese fascists for relaying. This fact was not known to the world before.
On April 15, 1945, two weeks before Hitler committed suicide, the U-234 submarine sailed out of the Norwegian port. For more than half a month, it had been sailing underwater without surfacing, but on May 4, the boat The talented person learned that Hitler had died and entrusted all matters to the navy marshal, Dunnitz. The next time it surfaced, on May 10, the boat received an order from Marshal Dennitz to raise their black flag and surrender to the Allies. The captain initially doubted the authenticity of the order and only believed it after being confirmed by other submarine captains sailing to the coast of the United States. At that time, there were two Japanese officers on the U-234 submarine. They did not want to surrender and committed suicide by laparotomy.
In 1943, Germany sent many important military research results including electrical torpedoes to Japan
It should be noted that, along with the “Liu” plan to implement military cooperation, Germany and Japan are still operating within the framework of a “Musson team”. Since mid-1943, Germany began military operations against the Indian Ocean region, relying on 41 submarines anchored in Penang, 22 of which were later sunk during the war. Interestingly, the submarines that the Germans gave to the Italian fascists were lost with the fall of Mussolini. Only three of them were submerged. Prior to this, they were temporarily sent to the Far East. They were fortunate to be retained, and later they were transferred to Japan. Shipping materials. For example, the U-195 and U-219 submarines had delivered the Fau-2 missile to the Japanese.
However, most operations that used surface warships to deliver supplies ended in failure. Japan lacked mercury raw materials for making ammunition fuzes and needed German supplies. So Germany and Japan operated a cooperative framework project called “Tyrant”, which sent mercury to Japan from Germany. This operation also went bankrupt, and several transport ships were sunk by the Allied forces. . As a result, hundreds of tons of mercury overturned to the bottom of the high seas, leaving today’s ecologists endlessly troubled.
In general, the attempt to establish an “axis” between the axis countries of Japan, Germany, and Italy and Fascism costly ended in a disastrous defeat. This was because the Allied forces deciphered their code and thus thoroughly grasped their plan of action, so Seized and used most of the opportunities to destroy their submarines. Some people were curious to find that Japan’s ambassador to Germany, Oshima Hong, created the largest channel for leaking secrets. It was him who gave him access to the high-level secrets of the Third Reich and everything he saw and heard, especially about Hitler. And Ribbentrop’s message was sent back to Japan in the form of a message, so that Americans could decipher it immediately after eavesdropping.
In addition, from a technical point of view, even if the Japanese can successfully copy the advanced weapons obtained, they are simply unable to reverse the situation. Under the aerial strike of the United States, Japan’s industrial production capacity is no longer available, and its depleted raw material reserves cannot guarantee supply at all. The “axis” they have tried their best to create will only be used as evidence of war crimes in the future, and it has no other use.