On July 9, the 2020 World Artificial Intelligence Conference opened in Shanghai. Compared with Ma Yun and Musk’s high-profile “Dual Horse Dialogue” at last year’s conference, this conference held under the global new coronary pneumonia epidemic has paid more attention to the discussion of practical issues. Although the artificial intelligence (AI) industry leaders and professionals from all over the world are mostly “cloud participants” due to the impact of the epidemic, how can artificial intelligence open up wider technical boundaries, how to integrate and upgrade more industries such as medical treatment, transportation, etc. The thinking did not cool down.
The epidemic has spawned more artificial intelligence applications
At this conference, the founders of BAT (Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent) all gave speeches in different ways. Li Yanhong, Chairman and CEO of Baidu, personally attended the opening ceremony and presented the three-stage theory of artificial intelligence development for the first time in his speech: technological intelligence, economic intelligence and social intelligence. He said that artificial intelligence is a technological wave comparable to the industrial revolution, and it will definitely change every industry we have today, and this epidemic will become an opportunity.
Ma Yun, the founder of Alibaba Group, gave a speech through holographic projection as the co-chairman of the United Nations High-level Group on Digital Cooperation. Ma Yun believes that the epidemic has not changed the trend of technological change, but has accelerated the transformation of digital technology. For example, he said that it takes 15 to 20 minutes for an expert to see a CT scan of a suspected case of new coronary pneumonia with the naked eye. After the Chinese technicians developed an intelligent algorithm for CT images of the new crown, it only took 20 seconds for the machine to view the film of a suspected case, which is 60 times the efficiency of experts. Ma Yun believes that the general trend of digital technology has not changed, but in the future, digitization, which would have been completed in thirty or fifty years, may be accelerated to ten or twenty years.
Ma Huateng, chairman of the board of directors and CEO of Tencent Group, said in a speech, “Artificial intelligence itself is a multinational and interdisciplinary exploration. It is pushing human cognition to faster, higher and stronger, and it is bound to bring us a A technological and industrial revolution that has never been seen before.
Although the “heads” of technology companies have expressed their optimism about the future of artificial intelligence, and positively evaluate the positive role of artificial intelligence in the new crown epidemic. But at the conference, Zhang Wenhong, director of the Department of Infection of Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, poured some “cold water” on artificial intelligence in his speech. “Artificial intelligence is flourishing today, but I am very sorry to tell you that this epidemic control in China is achieved by traditional wisdom and urban management.” Zhang Wenhong said that we reflect on how our artificial intelligence will be in the future after this epidemic. Improve the public health system.
“China always surprises me”
Among the foreign speakers at the opening ceremony, Tesla founder Elon Musk is undoubtedly the most concerned. The super factory built by Tesla in Shanghai was officially put into production at the end of last year. Musk gave a speech in the form of a video (pictured), saying “China always surprises me”. Musk is very confident about the future L5 level of autonomous driving and thanks the Tesla China team, saying that Tesla’s autonomous driving is in progress. China will establish related engineering teams, and will also do many original design and engineering development in China in the future, not just move American things to China. When referring to the overall development process of artificial intelligence, Musk believes that tremendous technological progress has been achieved in the recognition of objects at the perception level, but the weakest area of artificial intelligence may be cognition. After this new coronary pneumonia epidemic, the combination of artificial intelligence and medical field has become a hot topic. AstraZeneca’s global chief executive officer (CEO) Subocco said during the meeting that the application of artificial intelligence in the medical field is accelerating and changing the way scientific discovery, development and production of new drugs are carried out. In addition, it also helps people improve disease diagnosis and patient treatment methods. In the long run, artificial intelligence will help predict and even prevent disease. Suboko believes that the most exciting prospects for the application of artificial intelligence in the medical field are very likely to appear in China. China’s strengths include a large population, diverse industry portfolios, strong government support, and a corporate culture that uses technology and creates the largest data generation results in history. New applications of artificial intelligence can flourish here. China has promoted the use of artificial intelligence and data science and is shaping the world of tomorrow.
Su Shimin, founder, chairman and CEO of Blackstone Group, also talked about his understanding of artificial intelligence. Su Shimin said that in recent years, many organizations in the world have issued ethical principles and guidelines for the development of artificial intelligence, and he believes that the development of artificial intelligence needs to focus on transparency, fairness, security, responsibility and privacy.
Talent, market and competition
In a video address sent to the conference, Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China, said that at the end of 2019, the scale of China’s artificial intelligence core industry exceeded 51 billion yuan, and the number of artificial intelligence companies exceeded 2,600. According to the “White Paper on China’s Artificial Intelligence Industry” released by Deloitte, global market analysis agency Sage predicts that artificial intelligence will bring global GDP growth of 15.7 trillion US dollars by 2030. According to data from China Industry Information Network and China Institute of Information and Communications, the global artificial intelligence market will reach 680 billion yuan this year, and the Chinese artificial intelligence market will reach 71 billion yuan.
The US “New York Times” reported last month that China currently regards artificial intelligence as a strategically important field. It invests a lot of money in researchers, the purpose is to attract them back to work for Chinese companies and institutions. At the same time, the immigration policy of the US government is also regarded by many US technology companies as a hidden danger for the future development of artificial intelligence. Apple’s AI experts in charge of machine learning have complained on social media that one of the biggest bottlenecks restricting the efficiency of its team’s research is the government’s visa restrictions on foreign partners. A survey by the Marco Polo think tank in the United States shows that nearly 70% of the graduate students working in American institutions come from abroad. The US President Trump signed a new immigration restriction order on June 22, temporarily prohibiting new immigrants from entering the United States through work visas, including H-1B visas for highly skilled workers.