Weight control, balanced diet, active exercise… These principles of heart protection are well known, but in real life, it is not easy to follow these principles. Moreover, after years of research, Dr. Michael Cutler, an expert on cardiology at Case Western Reserve University in the United States, found that people still have many misunderstandings in protecting their hearts.
Misunderstanding 1: Both “good” and “bad” cholesterol are high, which can offset the two.
Studies have found that the simultaneous rise of “bad” cholesterol and “good” cholesterol does not mean health. Moreover, elevated “good” cholesterol also brings the risk of heart disease.
Recommendations: After the age of 40, it is best to check cholesterol once a year; patients with high blood pressure, diabetes, and coronary heart disease must control their cholesterol levels lower than normal, and it is best to go to the hospital for cholesterol testing every 3 to 6 months.
Misunderstanding 2: Statins have many side effects, so you can skip them.
Studies have shown that 7% to 15% of patients taking statins will experience muscle pain, but this is not as life-threatening as heart disease and stroke. If the “bad” cholesterol in the patient’s body is too high for a long time and does not follow the doctor’s prescription, it will cause heart disease and stroke.
Recommendations: Consistently taking statins can effectively reduce the level of “bad” cholesterol, prevent the risk of death, heart disease, and stroke. It also plays a role in dredging arteries during vascular surgery. If patients feel unwell while taking statins, they can consult their doctor to try other drugs or use long-acting statins to see if they are easier to tolerate.
Misunderstanding 3: Exercise regularly, so there is no need to “taboo”.
Research shows that regular exercise does not mean that you can eat whatever you want. Foods such as cheese, ice cream, high-fat red meat, and butter are rich in saturated fats. If you eat them in large quantities for a long time, even if you exercise regularly, some of the saturated fats will enter your arteries and cause blockages.
Recommendation: Exercise 4 times a week, an average of 40 minutes each time; pay attention to your diet, eat more foods that are good for your heart, such as fish, chicken, vegetables, fruits, beans, and olive oil.
Misunderstanding 4: Do not eat eggs, because their cholesterol will hurt the heart.
The academic circles have been arguing about the relationship between egg intake and the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Researchers from Laval University in Canada found after 32 years of follow-up investigation that eating 1 egg a day does not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. For Asians, eating 1 egg a day can cause cardiovascular disease. The risk will also be reduced by 8%; compared with those who do not eat or rarely eat eggs every day, those who eat eggs every day have an 18% lower risk of cardiovascular death and a 28% lower risk of death from stroke.
Suggestion: Everyone can eat moderate amounts of eggs every day, and it is best to eat 3-6 eggs a week. A healthy breakfast should also include a variety of foods, such as whole wheat bread, plain yogurt and fruits.
Misunderstanding 5: Beef and mutton are not good for heart health, so eat less.
Studies have shown that each serving of lean beef and mutton contains only 2 grams or less of saturated fat, which is also rich in protein and iron, and moderate consumption is good for health.
Suggestion: If you want to eat beef and mutton, choose a thinner one. Eating eggs in the morning and eating 50 to 75 grams of lean beef and mutton for lunch or dinner will not harm your health.