Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common gynecological disease in women of childbearing age. Patients often describe it as “continuous treatment”, and it is prone to recurring attacks, which seriously affects patients’ healthy life and normal work. Therefore, female friends should improve their cognition of pelvic inflammatory disease, master its treatment methods and related care and prevention, and avoid disease intrusion.
Pelvic inflammation caused by infection
Pelvic inflammatory disease refers to inflammation of the female reproductive organs, connective tissue around the uterus, and pelvic peritoneum. Typical symptoms include lower abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, fever, and abnormal vaginal bleeding.
In the past, pelvic inflammatory disease was divided into acute pelvic inflammatory disease and chronic pelvic inflammatory disease in China. It is believed that chronic pelvic inflammatory disease is mostly caused by insufficient treatment in the acute phase. However, in foreign countries, most of them are divided into pelvic inflammatory disease with comorbidities and pelvic inflammatory disease without comorbidities. As for the chronic pelvic inflammatory disease mentioned in the past, it should mostly be attributed to the concept of chronic pelvic pain that is often mentioned now, which is the general term for pelvic painful diseases caused by many diseases or causes.
Therefore, the pelvic inflammatory disease we are talking about today refers to those pelvic inflammatory diseases caused by infection. For example, after delivery or abortion, the pregnant woman may have pathogen invasion and infection due to weak physique and the uterine mouth has not been completely closed, which may cause pelvic inflammatory disease. When women undergo various intrauterine operations, if there are irregular surgical disinfection operations, patient indications, and Insufficient screening of contraindications can also cause pelvic inflammatory disease due to infection; some women have poor menstrual hygiene treatment, use of unclean menstrual pads, and menstrual sex, which can also make pathogens more likely to invade the body and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. In addition to infection, some people who suffer from various gynecological diseases but have not been thoroughly treated may also cause pelvic inflammation under the influence of these diseases.
Mainly antibiotic anti-infection treatment
The treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease is mainly antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics can eliminate pathogens, improve symptoms and signs, and reduce sequelae. Doctors generally give empirical treatment based on medical history, clinical manifestations and local epidemic conditions. They usually choose broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs to cover possible pathogens, including Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma, etc.; after obtaining laboratory test results, The doctor may adjust the medication. Sometimes a combination of Chinese and Western medicine is used to reduce the use of antibiotics, reduce their drug resistance, bacterial flora and other adverse reactions, and can also help patients enhance immunity and reduce the chance of recurrence of the disease. If the drug treatment is ineffective, the cyst persists or the cyst ruptures, surgery should be considered. The principle of surgery is mainly to remove the lesion, and different surgical plans are used according to the scope of the lesion, the age of the patient, and the general state.
With the development of modern medical technology, the application of physical therapy methods has become more extensive and mature. Microwave, shortwave, laser, iontophoresis and other methods can all have good therapeutic effects. However, because pelvic inflammatory disease is prone to recurring episodes, physical therapy is mostly used as an auxiliary treatment for diseases, such as warming and benign stimulation to promote smoother blood circulation in local parts of the pelvic cavity, so that it can improve the nutritional status of tissues and strengthen metabolism in full circulation. , Promote inflammation subsided.
Pay attention to daily care to prevent recurrence
Patients with pelvic inflammatory disease should take medications as prescribed by their doctors, and at the same time pay attention to rest and ensure sleep. For those with mild lower abdominal symptoms, local hot compresses can be used to relieve them. The diet is based on high-nutrient, high-protein, and high-vitamin foods, avoid hot and sour foods and cold foods, and pay attention to drinking more water. Patients should strengthen physical exercises in their lives to improve body resistance. Because patients with pelvic inflammatory disease have more leucorrhea and sticky, it is necessary to change underwear frequently, and ensure that the vulva is cleaned with warm water every day, which can better avoid the invasion of pathogens. Sexual life should be contraindicated during the nursing period, and unnecessary gynecological examinations should be reduced at the same time, so as to avoid the expansion of infection and even the spread of inflammation.
The prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease is to pay attention to sexual hygiene and reduce sexually transmitted diseases, such as using condoms for every sexual intercourse and eliminating multiple sexual partners. Female friends should develop good hygiene habits daily, change underwear and perineal pads frequently, and keep the vulva clean and dry. At the same time, avoid incorrect and irregular vaginal irrigation, so as not to disturb the balance of bacteria in the vagina and increase the possibility of pelvic inflammatory disease. Lower genital tract infections should be treated promptly in life. Those who need gynecological surgery should go to a regular hospital for treatment. Regular hospitals will pay attention to aseptic operation to help prevent infection.
Finally, remind female friends that if there is lower abdominal pain, increased vaginal discharge, etc., be aware of the possibility of pelvic inflammatory disease, go to the hospital for examination and treatment as soon as possible, pay attention to daily care, and do a good job of hygiene to reduce disease intrusion.