The “sharing economy” of the ancients

  As the pace of urban life accelerates, or because there is no time to cook at work, or because they are too lazy to cook at home, in short, ordering food has become a commonplace meal, and food delivery has naturally belonged to the new products of the era under the Internet economy. In fact, as early as in Lin’an, the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty, take-out was very common.
  In the Southern Song Dynasty, Lin’an had a population of over one million, and it was considered a metropolis. Most of the people were immigrants and very rich. Living in a prosperous metropolis, people who are not short of money are increasingly thinking about eating, drinking, and having fun. To be lazy and eat something better, to make things easier, or to pursue fashion, is naturally not a problem. For example, people in the Southern Song Dynasty seem to like to order takeaways from the emperor to the citizens.
  The Song Dynasty on the tip of the tongue, in summer, there are mochi-fu chicken skin, plain sugar, ice and snow cold yuanzi, crystal corner, lychee paste, etc. Steaming barbecue. There are so many delicious foods among the people, and the emperor who eats the delicacies of mountains and seas in the palace cannot resist the temptation. Song Xiaozong Zhao Yun had a special liking for folk takeaways. During the Longxing year, he watched the Lantern Festival. After nightfall, the emperor ordered “Nanwa Zhangjiayuanzi” and “Li Po Po Yu Geng” in the night market for supper. The heart is happy and the tips are generous.
  Demand has given birth to services, and smart bosses have launched fast food and meal delivery services in order to attract customers. At that time, “satisfaction” was equivalent to the current fast food. The guy first served toppings with rice and then “fine dishes” to save customers’ waiting time. If there are customers who do not want to eat in the store, they only need to send someone to order the good food first, and the restaurant will send someone to “sell at the door” and pay for the goods on delivery. In “Surfing the River on Qingming Festival”, there is a restaurant guy who is delivering food to an unknown place. His demeanor is delicate and lifelike, which is breathtaking.
  Nowadays, shared bicycles are popular, and Mobike, ofo, Yongan Xing, etc. provide a lot of convenience for people to travel. However, in ancient China, travel tools like shared bicycles were not uncommon. Cars, houses, sedan chairs, boats, and even donkeys, horses, cattle and other livestock were once vehicles of “sharing”. If the ancients did not want to walk, they had three choices: a carriage, a sedan chair and a horse. But ordinary people can’t afford horses and carts, so “shared carts” appeared.
  In Jinling City of the Southern Tang Dynasty, the streets are full of traffic, but the carriages and horses that enter the water like dragons are not all privately owned, but private businesses rent to the people. Among them, a rectangular carriage is called a long carriage. The roof is covered with a curtain. The carriage is surrounded by curtains. It can seat six people at the same time. The cost is calculated according to the rental hour, or it can be rented on a daily basis. Therefore, young people in ancient times “carpooled” together, rented a car for a day, and went out in the morning until the lights came back.
  There is also a more popular “shared car” called a felt car, the roof of which is made of felt. Before the Tang and Song Dynasties, people would rent a felt car as a wedding car to pick up the bride. Although the shared carriage that appeared later was convenient to save money, it also had its drawbacks: it was prone to motion sickness. At this time, another “net celebrity” vehicle appeared-sedan chair. The wealthy family bought a sedan chair to let the small family members carry it, and the people also used the “sharing sedan chair.” However, there is an earlier shared transportation tool “shared donkey”, because donkeys are cheaper than horses, so shared donkeys are also very marketable. “Eastern View of the Han Dynasty” wrote that Liu Xiu, the founding emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty, went to Chang’an to study. Because of the high prices in the big cities, he was quickly embarrassed and had to try to make money. Therefore, Liu Xiu and a classmate surnamed Han worked together to buy a donkey. They usually rent the donkey to others and use the money earned from renting a donkey to subsidize their living. Later, with the rise of shared donkeys, the government also introduced a “bookkeeping system”: all livestock used for renting out must be registered for “hukou.” After registration, a mark must be made on the animal for identification.
  It turns out that these new gadgets in the current Internet age are all left over from the ancients.