Pirate legend submerged by modern civilization
The earliest record of pirates appeared in 1350 BC, which was recorded on a clay tablet. Greek merchants were occasionally attacked by pirates when they traded in Mediterranean ports such as Phoenician and Anatolia.
In ancient Rome, piracy in the Eastern Mediterranean was rampant. Roman military commander Pompeii once established a fleet dedicated to fighting pirates. Once lost, Yuri Kisa was even taken prisoner by pirates. After that, he retaliated cruelly and mobilized his fleet to completely destroy the pirate’s lair in Falmacuz. However, the Roman Senate was unwilling to suppress pirates, because the existence of pirates was in their interest: providing thousands of slaves and disrupting the grain trade so that they could drive up prices and profit from it. In the ancient Roman period and before, piracy was restricted to the Mediterranean, but after entering the Middle Ages, it began to prevail in Northern Europe.
Medieval pirates development period, also famous Viking period. “Anglo-Saxon Chronicles” records an attack in 787 BC: 3 Viking ships attacked Lindisfan Abbey on the coast of England, where they “brutally looted and ravaged everything, dug up the altar and All the treasures in this sacred church were looted.”
From 800 to 1100 AD, pirates became an important social player in Northern Europe. The ancestors of the Danes, like the ancestors of the Norwegians and the Swedes, fought on the coast of Europe and won the so-called “Viking” title. When archaeologists excavated a pirate Mu in Sweden, they found silver coins from Spain, Egypt, Syria, Baghdad, and the city of Tashkent in Central Asia. Next to him were an axe, a spear and a short sword, a few knives, a shield and a belt buckle.
Pirates also began to appear on the coasts of southeast Asia, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf. With the decline of centralization in the 13th century, pirates along the coast of China also began to ramp up. They often drove ships capable of carrying 300 people to dock at will and ransack a village.
find the new land
At the beginning of the 16th century, pirates began to gain a lot of fame, with ships getting bigger and faster. The discovery of the New World, colonial expansion, and various ships full of gold and other cargo sailed around the world. The competition of interests and the ambition of the colonies made the sailors find it easy to legalize cruel piracy. At that time, British privateers could attack and rob Spanish cargo ships with impunity.
The privateer license sounds a bit gangster logic. For example, if a Dutch merchant’s goods are stolen in Germany, and he cannot obtain compensation for his loss through legal or diplomatic means, he will be able to obtain a private plundering permit authorized by the Dutch government. This permit allows him to German merchant ships can be captured to make up for the losses. In fact, the governments of various countries later used these licenses as national tools to strengthen their navies, allowing their countries to create a sea force capable of attacking enemy merchant ships out of thin air without increasing their budgets. Because according to regulations, captured ships must be taken to the Admiralty to confirm that they are legal prey and not the property of neutral countries. The use of privateer permits ended in 1856, when many countries signed declarations in Paris. The United States and several other countries signed the treaty later. At that time, the United States mainly relied on privateers to strengthen their maritime power because they lacked a powerful navy.
According to records, Turkish pirates hijacked 466 merchant ships in the Mediterranean from 1609 to 1616; and in 1625, 27 merchant ships were hijacked within ten days. After the discovery of the New World, maritime transport in the Caribbean was also extremely prosperous, and piracy in this area was also unprecedentedly rampant. The target was the “exclusive predator” Spanish cargo ship in this area.
The golden age of
pirate golden age from 1691 to 1723. During this period, a group of very famous pirate leaders appeared. The famous “Blackbeard” Edward Titch, Captain Kidd, and “Black Baron” Roberts all became legends in the history of pirates.
Roberts was born in Wales in 1682. When “Blackbeard” became famous on the American coast, he was also the first officer of a Barbados merchant ship. After being an ordinary sailor for nearly 20 years, he finally realized: “Anyway, stealing a shilling is going to be gallows, why not steal a larger fortune!” He therefore joined Captain Davis’s pirate ship, once Davis was killed in the battle with the Portuguese and Roberts was elected captain. In September 1719, the “Royal Tramp” under his command robbed a fleet of 42 southern Portuguese merchant ships. In June 1720, the “Royal Vagabond” was flying the skull flag high and swaggered into the Port of Trebaz, ransacking more than 150 ships anchored here, and picked the best clipper from it. His new flagship, Roberts named it “Royal Happiness”. Later, in 3 days in October, they robbed 15 British and French ships in Dominica, and sank a Dutch warship with 42 cannons…
On the morning of February 10, 1722, in Cape Lopez, Africa, the “Royal Happiness” encountered the British Royal Navy’s “Royal Swallow” cruiser. A shrapnel exploded Roberts’ throat and he was killed on the spot. In his pirate career, Bots has robbed more than 400 ships. He has very complicated personality connotations. He is also a person who pays attention to the regulations. There is a ship regulation formulated by Roberts as follows: 1. Everyone is responsible for daily affairs. Have equal voting rights; 2. Steal the property of your accomplices and be abandoned on the desert island; 3. Gambling on the boat is strictly prohibited; 4. Turn off the lights at 8 o’clock in the evening; 5. Do not wear unclean weapons, and frequently wipe your guns and knives; 6. It is not allowed to bring children on the boat and seduce women to death; 7. Those who escape the battle die; 8. Private fights are strictly forbidden, but duels can be made with a notary public. Those who kill their companions must be tied to the dead and thrown into the sea. 9. In the battle, the disabled can stay on the ship and receive 800 Spanish silver coins from the “public savings”; 10. When the trophies are divided, the captain and the helmsman get two trophies, the gunner is one and a half, and the others get 1. 1/4 serving.
”Treasure Island” suspense
pirate in the history of the biggest “trading”, the so-called “Lima great treasure” took place in 1821.
At that time, the army led by the famous leader of South America’s opposition to Spanish colonial rule, Simon Bolivar, approached Lima, the capital of Peru. Lima is considered to be the richest city in South America. There are countless gold ingots, gold coins, Incas gold ornaments, and religions. Valuable utensils of the temple, necklaces, rings, weapons studded with precious stones, golden statues, etc. These treasures were mounted on the British two-masted sailing ship “Mary Kiel”, which came from the city of Bristol, England, and was commanded by the Dutch captain Wiljam Thomson, who was known for his loyalty and reliability. After the “Mary Gere” set sail, one night, Thomson led the sailors into the cabin and killed the Governor and Archbishop of Lima who were escorting the ship. The ship raised the pirate flag.
Since then, the whereabouts of this huge wealth has cast an unknown shadow. Local vibe, this treasure buried in a small island in the Pacific Ocean
cocoa Brasov island. This island is not far southwest of the coast of Costa Rica. It is interesting that Stevenson’s famous book “Treasure Island” describes this small island.
as the technology advances, particularly the use of the steam engine, and the strength to grow and strengthen the navies patrolling the coast, the pirates asked in quite a long time in the late 18th and early 19th century sword almost disappeared, people are learned from novels, plays, paintings The stories and legends of pirates.
In the summer of 1981, a Cuban ship spotted a “ghost ship” near the Bahamas. It was traveling with full sails and did not answer any signals. The sideboard is full of bullet holes, and the deck is full of blood stains… It was later discovered that this sailing vessel was called “Kalia I III”. Two days ago, it sent a distress telegram saying that it was attacked by four unmarked speedboats. .
Earlier, on the sea only 70 nautical miles away from Havana, several unidentified motor boats tracked and shot a Spanish dry cargo ship “Sinara Aranshasu” with machine guns. The ship is heading to Cuba and is loaded with food, cloth and children’s toys. Soon the ship caught fire, and the crew had to abandon the ship and jump into the sea, but the pirates had already arranged a “hunting event”. They searched for those who fell into the water and shot them one by one.
The legend of the pirate treasure
At the end of the 17th century, between Madagascar and the coast of Malaba, the six pirates, Captain William Gint, looted a fleet of Prince Aurumpus of the Mughal Empire in India. Innumerable trophies worth about one billion marks fell into him. Palm of the hand.
What he left for future generations is a mysterious combination of numbers: 44-10-66-18, and three broken treasure maps. According to analysis, the treasure is hidden on an island between the East China Sea and the South China Sea.
From capturing pirates to pirate chief William Gent is the most famous pirate in America.
Almost every sailor knows the story of his life at the beginning of the 18th century, which is very far away. The long story about Gent’s treasure has not gone silent. To this day, archaeologists and those who believe in their luck are still there. Look for the spoils of this Scottish pirate. This treasure contains not only gold bars, beautiful pearls and sparkling rubies, but also plum-sized diamonds and extremely dazzling jewelry full of exotic flavors. Many of these incomparable treasures belonged to Prince Aurumpus, the ruler of the Mughal Empire in India.
William Gint was a privateer hired by the Royal Governor Belomont of Massachusetts to capture pirates. He did not catch the pirates, but became a pirate himself. In 1697, William Gent asked his men to hang a red pirate flag on top of the mast of his fleet and attacked a pirate in the Red Sea. Ka’s fleet of Islamic pilgrims began a series of dangerous piracy. In the next two years, William Gent became the “ocean terror” between Madagascar and the Malaba coastline. In the process, he accumulated countless wealth and found a safe deposit for them. Place.
Mysterious numbers on parchment.
In 1699, Gint stopped on Hispaniola Island in Latin America. After arriving at the Port of Boston Harbor in July of the same year, he wrote a letter to Lord Belomont in Boston. He hoped to get the Lord’s support in order to receive an amnesty, and promised that he would pay 400,000 pounds to Lord Belomont. Lord Belomont promised to guarantee Jinte’s complete freedom in the United States, but when Jinte and his sailors set foot on land, they were arrested and sent to jail. People immediately found a bag of gold powder worth about £1,000, silver coins and some other gold products at his residence.
On February 16, 1700, Captain Gint was taken to London as a prisoner of the King of Great Britain. He spent nearly a year in an English prison before being sentenced to hang for piracy and murder. The authorities agreed that his wife went to prison to make a final farewell to her husband. During the meeting Gint quietly stuffed his wife a small piece of parchment, and then whispered something. The guards who were observing outside immediately noticed the secret transfer between their husband and wife, and confiscated the little parchment net.
Only four numbers full of mystery are written on the paper: 44-10-66-18.
Cardinal plus hidden treasures to
May 23, 1701, Nugent was sent to the gallows. After his death, more and more people began to consider the confusing figures and legendary treasures he left behind. People are constantly trying to solve the mystery of Unknown’s treasure.
Soon, someone deciphered the number he wrote down, thinking it was implying 44 degrees 10 minutes west longitude and 66 degrees 18 minutes north latitude. According to this crotch mark, at the eastern end of Long Island, not far from New York, you can find a small island called “Gardina”. As a result, treasure hunters came to this little-known island in search of gold, diamonds and a large amount of jewelry.
Three Treasure Maps of William Gint.
300 years have passed. Gint’s treasure has no clue. Until 1932, an Englishman named Palmer bought a strange iron hoop in a thrift store. Old sailor box. Palmer found a strange little wooden board in the box. He opened the wooden board and a piece of parchment fell out.
On the paper is a map of a small island. On this map, you can clearly see that there is a bay next to the lagoon, then a coral reef, and instructions for trees and clear steps. At the same time, there is a reminder on the side of the parchment: “If you want to find my treasure, you must follow this road. Captain Gint, 1696.” Palmer was stunned, he couldn’t believe his eyes. .
After calming down, Palmer fell into confusion again, because the paper didn’t specify which island, area, or sea area it was. Palmer spent the whole day in libraries, archives, and antique shops. He looked at the piles of broken charts that turned yellow. He tirelessly inquired about Captain Gint’s information and searched for what Captain Gint used in the past. Relics. He spent more than a year searching for the answer to this question, but he did not solve the mystery.
In the summer of 1933, he bought a sloped writing cabinet used by Gint from an antique dealer. He checked the writing cabinet very carefully and found a small ball of parchment in a tiny hole glued with pine resin and pitch. Palmer found that everything on the second treasure map was almost exactly the same as the first one. The only thing missing was the hint to the name of the island. Palmer found a few extra letters on the unfolded small parchment ball, and he recognized the words “China Sea”.
It happened that in the same year someone sold a second old wooden box used by Gint to Palmer. In the interlayer gap of a secret drawer of this box, Palmer found a third piece of parchment. There was also a treasure map on it. It not only included the outline of the mysterious island, but also marked the geographic longitude and latitude.
Holding these three treasure maps, Palmer was so excited that he could not sleep at night. In order to find this mysterious island, he decided to go to London and compare his three treasure maps with those found in the Topographic Survey Department of the British Museum in London. Compare hundreds of new or old ocean maps. Finally, this incident alarmed the British Admiralty. They carefully checked the authenticity of the three treasure maps. After confirmation, the British Admiralty agreed to provide Palmer with a treasure hunting ship and necessary assistance, but on the condition that Palmer must faithfully hand over all the evidence of the treasure to the British government. Palmer rejected the suggestion.
Palmer made up his mind this time to follow his friends to find this island. However, destiny made fun of the treasure hunter. He died suddenly while he was preparing for the treasure hunt. His three treasure maps and Captain Gint’s treasure were once again plunged into heavy fog.
Wind treasure hunters
died after 20 years in Palmer, 1951, a man named Blau Enlei £ 5000 with the pirate captain of England to buy a treasure map from the hands of the housekeeper and sole heir of the former Palmer Down.
Finally, a two-masted sailing ship named “La Mona” carried Braunley and a treasure hunt team composed of 12 treasure hunters from 5 countries, and set out to sea mightily. However, they did not expect that their speedboat encountered a hurricane at sea. After 4 days of difficult drifting at sea, they encountered the supply ship of the English Fleet, but they could only be dragged by the supply ship. Braunley ended this hopeful treasure hunt in desperation.
Jinte’s millions of fortunes were found.
In 1952, Japanese fishermen came to the northernmost island of the Ryukyu Islands between Taiwan Island and Kyushu Island, Japan, in order to avoid the storm. On a purely accidental occasion, they found a very rare goat stone painting on a cracked stone wall.
This meaningful excavation gave an amateur pirate treasure researcher Nagashima infinite reverie. Naga Island systematically traversed this deserted island, and finally found a population leading to a cave behind the densest bush. So Naga Island lit a torch. He fumbled forward step by step, passed a stone gate, and came to a darker stone room. He stopped there, staring quickly at the iron box with wide eyes. When he opened the heavy box lid, a strange sight appeared in front of him: there were not only incredible gold and silver coins shining, but also wonderful jewelry and jewelry. This is William Gint’s Million Trophy-one of the greatest treasures discovered so far. For more than two hundred years, these heavy treasure chests have been placed in that remote cave in the Ryukyu Islands.
The material value of Jinte’s wealth is of little significance to this private researcher, Nagashima. He only wanted to get compensation from the Japanese government for research and finding funds, and even rejected the surplus given to him. The treasure was transported to Tokyo under the strictest protection measures. But in the end, Ginte’s million treasures are still unknown, and Ginte’s trophies once again disappear into the vague fog full of legends and anecdotes.
the second half of the 14th century, the “Food Brothers” coalition saw rampant piracy in Northern Europe. Countless “independent” pirates went their own way, almost all of them came from northern European ports. A savage pirate team familiar with the sea is enough to make all the ships passing in the North Sea flee. On the coast of northern Europe, almost no ship engaged in maritime trade can only get their forgiveness after resistance.
At that time, countless Norwegians and Swedes died under the strong desire of Danish Queen Margaret to expand. Therefore, the residents of Stockholm had to turn to pirates to resist the invasion of the Danes. Since the spring of 1389, the Danes started from the surrounding countryside and formed a tight encirclement around the Swedish city, leaving the besieged Swedes with only one sea channel. Three years later, in order to support the port city of Sweden, the Duke of Mecklenburg issued an announcement in the name of the King of Sweden: “All piracy acts against the Kingdom of Denmark and Norway for robbery, theft and arson, but at the same time Stockholm assistance who can receive licenses in Wismar and Rostock, armed to the teeth so they can be free access to the two ports, but also to ensure their loot foolproof. ”
this makes a lot of licenses issued by the North pirate ship The long break through the cordon line provided the besieged and hungry Stockholm residents with essential food, which resulted in the so-called “food brothers” alliance of the pirates. After the battle, with this “legal document”, the pirates not only looted Danish ships, but also started looting every ship engaged in trade at sea. In 1392 they also captured the independent Baltic island of Gotland, where many routes started. Participants of the “Food Brothers” even began to develop their organization into a “state” form.
Gold chain of secret
Klaus Becker is Stoldt is one of the most daring pirate Ding “food brother” alliance. He was born in Wismar, Germany, and commanded fifty ships to raid the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. To some people he is a terrible sea wolf, but to others he is the “Robin Hood at sea”. He robbed the rich and then gave the robbed wealth to the poor.
Since April 1393, these pirates have become stronger and stronger, so that they dared to take the risk of attacking Bergen, a wealthy trading city in southern Norway, looting and burning the city. They never let go of any ships, and many ships dare not come to the high seas. In the process of raging at sea, they not only accumulated a large number of precious items from Western countries, but also seized huge treasures of gold and silver.
Later, after consulting the legends and chronicles of the pirates in the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, they learned that in order to transport as much gold and silver as possible, the pirates emptied the mast of the ship and put a part of the precious metal like a large amount of metal. Gold etc. are melted into a gold anchor chain and hidden in the mast.
When the pirate ships of the “Food Brothers” became more and more unscrupulous in the North Sea, King Richard II of England and Queen Margaret of Denmark deliberately united in order to combat piracy and jointly confront the enemy. In the summer of 1401, when Stoltbecker was sailing against the wind in the North Sea in a zigzag pattern, he was ambushed by an English ship. After a fierce naval battle, the pirates were finally defeated. In this battle, a total of 73 pirates, including Klaus Stoltbecker, were thrown into Chen prison and 40 pirates were killed. Subsequently, the pirate captain was sent to trial with his native Germany, where he was sentenced to death by beheading.
Soon after, Stoltbecker’s pirate ship “Red Devil” was bought by an ordinary fisherman who wanted to make the ship’s planks, sides and masts into firewood. When sawing off the three masts, a large number of gold and silver coins were found in the recess. It turned out that this was the spoils of the “Food Brothers”. But the fisherman did not leave the treasure, but buried the mast full of treasure in a secret place.
One day in October 1401, after being arrested, Klaus Stoltbecker and his 73 pirate brothers were escorted to Grassbrook. When the noose was about to wrap their necks, the first day of the pirate made a condition to the Hamburg congressman: he promised to take out a beautiful gold chain like a wreath and countless gold coins, plus donate a gold to Hamburg The roof of the church bell tower was used to redeem the freedom of the pirates. This request was flatly rejected, and 73 pirates fell to the ground. Afterwards, their bloody heads were nailed to the stakes for public display.
The Hamburg parliamentarians were convinced that no matter what measures they took, they would always find Stoltbecker’s treasure. However, the facts later proved that the ideas of these parliamentarians were wrong. To this day, all the belongings of the German pirate captain are still missing.
Pirate treasure buried at the hiding place and
according to ancient legend, Stoldt Becker batch of great treasures are hidden in at least the following places:
The first is the ancient port city of Visby Gotland worship, because this place was once It was once the target of the “food brothers”. The city’s fortifications are very tight, surrounded by numerous forts, strong protective walls and 28 bunkers.
Second, they may be hidden in Usedom in the Baltic Sea. On that small island there is a gorge that leads from the sandy beach to the hinterland of the “Stuartbekker Valley”. In the past, this mountain road used to lead to a hiding place for pirates. Some people have analyzed that perhaps their trophies are still buried there.
Once again, there is a place called Rügen Island. This famous chalky coast full of white cliffs was once the handle of pirates. There are many deep caves with cracks. In past looting activities, pirates have also settled here. Therefore, it was once called the “Pirate Bay”.
Another place is Fehmarn Castle on the island of the Baltic Sea. In recent years, treasure hunters have discovered the ruins of ancient fortifications in this castle. This place may be the most suitable place for treasure.
Another place that is considered possible is the old church of Our Lady in Marienhav, east of Reybucht on the East Frisian coast. The church has a bell tower over sixty meters high. In the 14th century, it was also a favorite place for pirates. At that time, the sea stretched from here to far away from the land. It is possible for the pirates to place their pirate ships on a solid stone ring, and then put the looted items in the tall bell tower.
Finally, there is another place worth mentioning, which is a farm not far from Marinhaval. Since the 12th century, the farm has been very wealthy. Later, the owner of the farm married his daughter to Klaus Stoltbecker, so Stoltbecker sometimes lives there.
Since entering the 20th century, explorers and treasure hunters attracted by the treasure have found these locations one after another, but have not found the treasure. Where did the pirate bury his golden chains and treasures? Treasure hunters are convinced that it must be buried in one of the above six places. It’s just that it was buried too tightly and there are too many places to find, so it hasn’t been found yet. If you can search these places thoroughly, maybe one day people will really find the treasures of pirates.
Top ten famous pirates in the world
1, pirate Blackbeard
the pirate “Blackbeard” a formerly known as Edward Teach. As early as during the War of the Spanish Succession, Tic began to drive armed civilian ships out to looting enemy ships, and he became the most notorious pirate raiding the Caribbean in the 18th century. The nickname of the famous “black beard” comes from his long, messy and wild black beard. In its heyday, “Blackbeard” had a pirate fleet composed of four southern sailing ships, of which the “Queen of Vengeance” was his flagship. With our strength, and Blackbeard’s ambitions to expand further, he
determined to attack by the government forces seize the harbor, and plans to establish an independent regime here. The target selected by “Blackbeard” was Charleston, the fourth largest port in North America, after Boston, New York and Philadelphia. In May 1718, Blackbeard and his pirate fleet blocked the Port of Charleston. Since the United States had not yet established a nation and the British Navy had no ships stationed nearby, Blackbeard’s siege worked immediately. The pirate fleet immediately captured five merchant ships entering and leaving the port, not only looting valuable property on board, but also taking several hostages, including Charleston millionaire Samuel Legg and his son.
2, the female pirate Anne – Pauly
Anne Pauly is one of history’s most famous female pirate, she worked as a plantation owner’s daughter. At the beginning of the 18th century, she left her hometown to join the fleet of the first day of pirates, “Cotton Jack”, and began her pirate career. During a battle against the encirclement and suppression army, due to lack of actual combat command experience, Anne-Pauli couldn’t help the British army swarming on. After a hard fight, she was seriously injured and captured by the British army. On November 16, 1720, the trial was held in the Santiago de la Vega Tribunal in Jamaica. Annie and all the pirates who followed her were sentenced to death.
3. Pirate Prince Hesam
Sam Bellamy lived only 28 years old. In his limited life, Bellamy spread his famous nickname “Black Sam” throughout the pirate world of the New World through several bold acts of robbery at sea, so he was also called the “pirate prince”. Sam Bellamy created his pirate base on LaBlanquilla Island in Venezuela in the 18th century and hid many treasures. These treasures were discovered in 1984, and the Venezuelan government will start using these treasures to build national tourist facilities in June 2007. At that time, almost no ships passed by within the visible distance on La Blanquilla Island. Colin Wood, the author of The Pirate Republic, believes it is a great hiding place for people who want to escape the legal sanctions of Barbados and French Martinique.
4, Chinese pirate Zheng Shishi women
in the golden age of piracy, piracy is the most famous Chinese Zheng Shishi. Zheng Shi was born in a brothel and was hijacked by the pirate Zheng Yi in 1801. After Zheng Yi’s death, she became the most powerful female pirate captain at the time. At its peak, Zheng Shi once controlled a pirate fleet with hundreds of ships. In 1811, Zheng Shishi finally decided to accept the imperial court’s offer. Zheng Shishi and others led more than 270 ships equipped with 1,200 artillery pieces and 16,000 tribesmen to surrender to the court, and were awarded the title of Chief Qian by the Qing government. Zheng Shi finally made the choice to lower the Qing, even at that time, he was greatly resisted. Just when he was about to surrender, the pirates’ internal opposition to surrender was quite large, and it was not a minority who accused him of rebelling midway. After Zheng Shishi’s surrender, she has tens of thousands of pirate followers in Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, and they have refused to surrender to the court.
5, Basha Luo Bartholomew – Roberts
Basha Luo Miao Yi Roberts is one of the most successful pirate golden age of pirates, he controls range from Africa all the way to wide waters of the Caribbean Sea. In just four years, his pirate fleet had a total of 400 pirate ships at most. Roberts is known for his cold-bloodedness, and never left alive after the robbery. Robert started working as a pirate at the age of 37. He started to participate in the slave caravan in 1719. Roberts later joined Davis’s pirate ship. A few weeks later Davis was killed and he took over as the captain. He is smart, brave in combat, and always takes the lead on board enemy ships. He perfected Henry Morgan’s piracy code and implemented it strictly in his team. Roberts is famous for his crazy plunder, not only plundering merchant ships, but also the navy. His flagship “Royal Fortune” is the French warship that he looted. It is said that he plundered hundreds of ships in his lifetime, and his ravaged territory extends to Brazil and beyond, Newfoundland and West Africa. The number is comparable to Henry Morgan, and is also one of the best in the entire history of piracy.
6. Captain Kidd
Is it an armed civilian ship or a pirate ship? There has been no clear conclusion on the evaluation of the captain William Kidd. Kidd was originally the captain of an armed civilian ship hired by the British government, but he was hanged for piracy in 1701. Archaeologists announced in 2008 that they had found shipwrecks such as artillery and anchors on Catalina Island in the Caribbean Sea, located 21 meters from the coastline and about 3 meters underwater, and confirmed that these wrecks were the “king of pirates” in the 17th century. “Captain Kidd”‘s ship is the “Quidaf Merchant”. According to data records, the “Quedav Merchant” was once filled with priceless gold, silver, silk and other treasures. Many treasure hunters around the world are still frantically looking for its whereabouts. Archaeologists said that they were surprised to find that the wreck of the ship was very well preserved and showed no signs of being destroyed by treasure hunters, but the treasure on the ship was long gone. This put a new veil on the mysterious “Captain Kidd”.
7. Henry Morgan
”Captain Morgan” was once synonymous with the first day of pirates. Morgan initially led armed civilian ships across the Caribbean, and later became a true pirate. His most famous deed was the looting and destruction of Panama City, a Spanish colony. The 16-year-old European famous pirate Harry joined Captain Morgan’s recruiting team, and wanted to follow the legendary hero on an adventure. He quickly took part in a battle of a lifetime: the governor held by the pirates on São Catalina was captured by the Spanish navy, and Captain Morgan deployed a careful rescue mission. Harry encountered unimaginable dangers in the rescue, but finally escaped smoothly.
8. Cotton Jack
As an advocate of the pirate flag, “Cotton Jack” on the first day of pirates did not actually leave much commendable pirate deeds. His most famous deed is the alliance with Annie Bowie and his tragic death. “Cotton Jack” was originally named John Lakeham. The reason for this nickname is that he always wears striped trousers and jacket. “Cotton Jack”‘s pirate career began with his control of the Charles Wayne ship. Wayne is the captain of the pirate treasure ship and was frustrated in a fight with a French soldier. “Cotton Jack” was irritated by Wayne’s cowardice, and he led his men to mutiny, drove Wayne and his supporters into a small sailboat and banished them. When the Royal Governor Woods-Rogers’ pirate search team attacked the boat of Jack Cotton, Anne and Mary were both on board. During the battle, “Cotton Jack” fled and hid in the cargo hold with his accomplices, leaving Anne and Mary on the deck against the British army. In 1720, Jack was arrested and hanged, and his body was covered with tar for public display.
9, Francis – Drake
Drake is also a controversial figure. In the eyes of some people, he is a nobleman; in the eyes of others, he is a pirate. Drake was born in the home of a poor peasant in Devon, England. From an apprenticeship to a sailor, he finally became a merchant ship captain. His status and experience are the most special in history. In 1568, Drake and his cousin John Hawkins led five slave ships to Mexico. They were struck by a storm and demanded assistance from Port of Spain. But the Spaniard’s deception of them almost cost him his life. From then on he vowed to avenge Spain in his lifetime. He led the fleet to carry out global circumnavigation, engaged in piracy and slave trade in the Caribbean, and defeated the Spanish Invincible Fleet in 1588.
10, red beard brother
Erik the Red, also known as “Eric the Red Devils” or “Erik the Red” and “Red Eric.” “Red Beard” is a nickname given by Europeans to Turkey’s most famous pirate captain brother. In the 16th century, the “Red Beard” brothers used North Africa as a base and led their own pirate fleet to invade many towns along the Mediterranean coast.
What do pirates eat
The “Pirates of the Caribbean” series of films are so popular all over the world that people can’t help but dream about a thrilling pirate career. But if you really want to have a similar adventure at sea, you have to seriously consider it. After all, the stories are all “deceptive” and there are too many traces of artistic processing in the movie. The real pirate life, not to mention that the long and boring sea life can make people feel depressed, I am afraid you can’t even pass the level of eating!
So what do pirates eat?
Nelson Admiral of the British Navy flagship name – “Victory” have more detailed sailing record, a true reflection of the 17th century, the 18th century British Royal Navy life.
According to records, the navy’s food includes meat, bread, cheese, oatmeal, dried peas, and wine. It looks like a good life. But don’t be fooled by the words. There was no refrigerator at that time. How to keep food fresh? Under the special circumstances of the time, these foods were not what we imagined.
we can through to medieval Europe, bread is the time to see what it was like.
At that time, even though France was the most powerful and prosperous country in Europe, only royal family members could eat soft and tasty white bread. Ordinary people can only eat some mixed brown bread, the raw material is a small amount of white flour mixed with oats, barley and various beans, and even bran and wood chips.
Ovens in European villages are public, and people bake a huge bread every few days, which is a staple food for several days. Now you understand why Russian bread and “Baguette” are so big, right? To prevent spoilage, the bread is baked ten and hard.
How hard is the sword? In the chronicles of the Middle Ages, there are many such records: gangsters infiltrated the poor peasants’ homes and died under the brown bread of the housewife; when the husband and wife had family conflicts, the bread became a weapon.
The bread eaten by the sailor has not gone bad for several years. As a result, many weevil and maggots grow in the bread. The crew was very clever. They put a fish into the bag with biscuits and bread to lure the bugs out, and threw it away when the fish was full of bugs. Can you eat such dry and hard bread with “small fresh meat”?
Pirates of meat
sailors eat bacon alias called “salt bones” because it is very salty, and very hard, close to the bone. To cut it, you must use an axe and a saw.
Before eating meat, pour the bacon into water, soak it for a long time, remove the salt, and then heat it up.
A royal sailor described it like this: “It must have been placed in a wooden barrel since God created the world. When it is boiled, the smell you smell is like that of an Egyptian mummy. Taste.” Such bacon is of course difficult to swallow. Many sailors have diarrhea after eating corned beef, so a lot of bacon is thrown away every day.
Sailor’s drinking water The sailors in
”Pirates of the Caribbean” all like to drink, and can’t live without cheongsam every day. If you think they are using alcohol to numb their homesick and lonely soul, then you think too much. Drinking water and wine on board are packed in barrels and placed on the bottom of the ship. Because the water is easy to deteriorate, it will taste after a month, and it will turn green, so the wine is easy to store.
The shelf life of beer is only one month. In the first month of the voyage, the crew can live a “happy life” of drinking beer as water. Each sailor can be allocated 4.5 liters of beer per day.
One month later, the sailor could only drink water, but at this time the water already smelled, full of green algae, so I had to add water to rum at a ratio of 4:1 to cover the smell of water. Although it feels a little bit deceitful, it is also helpless.
Non-staple food of sailors
at sea moist, even potatoes and oats will be moldy, musty soup with these ingredients, the taste is very “sour cool.”
After a long “travel” at sea, most of the cheese on the outside will become moldy and smelly. The crew can only complain while eating.
These cheeses were moldy on the outside, but hard on the inside. At that time, the crew of the “Victory” actually carved the cheese into buttons and sewed them on their clothes. Because of the lack of fresh fruits and vegetables for a long time, the crew members generally lack vitamins and are in poor health. The death rate of sailor’s scurvy is much higher than the combat casualty rate, reaching more than 50%.
For ordinary sailors, it is really “the one-man fleet is as deep as the sea, and health is a passerby since then.” Even the crew of the Royal Navy’s flagship, which was the best-paid at the time, were the same. Then, the poor diet of pirates without state supply is even harder to imagine.
But for some poor people, they are still willing to be sailors-even this kind of food, they usually can’t eat, after all, being a sailor can get enough.
Ming sailor recipes
when Zheng He of the Ming Dynasty, Chinese sailors actually did not have a bad hyperlipidemia. This is related to China’s highly developed food culture.
In the 14th century, Ibn Battuta, a North African traveler, recorded in his “Travel Notes” that at that time, Chinese sailors often planted various vegetables in pots on ships for regular consumption. Rain on the sea provided water for the vegetables.
There are many large ceramic tanks and jars in Zheng He’s treasure ship. It is estimated that the crew loaded kimchi, pickles and salted duck eggs.
At that time, we already knew how to sprout bean sprouts, which was also a fresh ingredient for the crew. In addition, my country has a habit of drinking tea since ancient times, which can supplement the vitamins needed by the human body in time. Therefore, Chinese sailors will certainly not get scurvy.
Pig bones of Jinhua ham from the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty have been discovered in Virginia, USA and Yukon, Canada. Presumably, Zheng He brought a lot of Jinhua ham when he went to the West. In addition, the crew also raise livestock and poultry on the ship to ensure the supply of meat for the sailors.
The crew can also eat various special preserved fruits and drink various fruit teas. The Chinese, who are known for their “ability to eat”, will not treat themselves badly even if they are alone on the sea where the environment is harsh and the food is scarce.
If Pirates of the Caribbean knew it, they would definitely be jealous and hateful! If Captain Jack, the hero of the “Pirates of the Caribbean”, had a Chinese chef on board and had better food, he would probably not be repeatedly rebelled by his subordinates.
Food is also a kind of productivity.