On the last day of September, Peruvian President Vizcarra announced that the “Housekeeping Employment Law” was officially promulgated. This is Peru’s legislation on the rights and interests of domestic workers. It aims to prevent them from being discriminated against at work, protect their basic rights, and recognize It has made a significant contribution to the development of the country, society and economy. According to the statistics of the International Labor Organization, in Latin America, 14% of employment comes from the domestic industry, and babysitting is the most important occupation for women. There are approximately 500,000 domestic workers in Peru, 95% of which are women. The Peruvian government specifically designated March 30 as the National Domestic Workers’ Day (Nanny Day) to protect the legitimate rights and interests of nanny.
Why are there so many nanny in Peru
There are so many domestic workers in Peru, which is related to the large gap between the rich and the poor and the gap between urban and rural areas. Farmers from economically underdeveloped areas go to economically developed cities to earn a living. The domestic industry is the fastest to get started. Because this industry has low thresholds and low wages, it is usually the minimum wage set by the state. It is currently about 930 soles per month (about RMB 1,726) Yuan), most urban wage-earners can afford to hire, so there are many people in the business of nanny. In addition, the descendants of the local Spanish colonists traditionally prefer to hire nanny.
Peruvian nanny is divided into laundry, cooking handyman and child care, taking care of the elderly care nanny, the latter pay higher because of the need to have common sense of childcare, hygiene, and nursing, and play the role of tutor and carer. The nanny wears a uniform at work, provided by the employer, usually a light blue short-sleeved shirt and a white apron. Especially wealthy employers will uniformly make uniforms for the various types of domestic workers employed by their families.
Apartments and villas in Peru are designed with a maid’s room and a laundry room, and the more advanced ones have special nanny passages and elevators, which are separated from those used by the owner. The nanny cannot eat at the same table with the owner. Peruvians who work as nanny are very down-to-earth, have a peaceful mind, and recognize their work. As long as they have a stable income and a stable life, they are satisfied, have no luxury, and have a high happiness index.
Some nanny brought up the owner’s child and have become a member of the family. The relationship between the child and the nanny is even deeper than the relationship with the parents. Some owners trust the nanny very much, and feel relieved to hand over the home to the nanny.
When the reporter first arrived in Peru, he lived in a Peruvian home. The owner was a retired couple. They were very kind and belonged to the middle income level in Peru. There is a live-in nanny in the family. At first he was single. Later he got married and had children. The nanny family lived in a simple house in the small garden behind the house. The nanny has been working in this house for a long time. The owner also takes care of the nanny family and gets along Very harmonious. After doing laundry, cooking and cleaning every day, the nanny returns to the hut to live his own little life.
I go to work early in the morning every day. The nanny has prepared breakfast and put it on the table. Basically, every day is different fresh juice, bread slices, butter, jam, cheese, and fresh fruit. I put the clothes that need to be washed in the room and put them on the chair neatly and neatly the next day, which solved a lot of worries. When the host and his wife go out on weekends, the nanny’s husband will also help wax the wooden floor and climb the ladder to clean the chandelier on the height. In addition, the author’s neighbor has lived in the United States for a long time, and all the family matters are entrusted to the nanny who has worked in his home for more than 30 years, and he completely regards the nanny as his family.
The strange thing about nanny thief
The local housekeeping staff are also mixed, and some have the problem of petty theft. I have hired a babysitter and come to the house twice a week to clean up. Every time she finishes cleaning, she will take the initiative to open her schoolbag for you to check before leaving, to prove that she has not taken away anything from your house. At first, the author felt uncomfortable, as if she didn’t believe in others, and gradually got used to it. Yes, because I heard a lot of strange things about bad nanny from friends in Peru.
A friend’s wife didn’t understand why she always lacked shampoo and cosmetics. At first she didn’t care too much. Later, she found that the nanny was the most suspicious. Finally, it became clear that the nanny usually took out some shampoo and cosmetics. The method of moving ants is to take them away when they return home from a rest.
There is another thing that is even more ridiculous. The hostess usually likes to buy stockings and does not pay attention to how many socks she has. Later, she finds that she always buys less socks. In the end, the problem lies with the babysitter. The host found that the nanny was wearing some underwear and some pairs of socks on her feet.
Nanny is in distress
In the past, although there were laws stipulating the wages and benefits of domestic workers, the owners had many loopholes to exploit. For example, the contract can be in oral or written form, which is not enough to protect the basic rights and interests of domestic workers. Many domestic workers’ wages are below the national minimum wage.
In addition, there are many domestic workers who are minors, mostly women, whose wages are in arrears, do not have complete rest days, cannot go to school, and are sexually harassed at work. These are the main problems encountered by minors engaged in domestic service. Most of these underage employees come from remote areas, have low education level, and have little social experience. After being treated unfairly, they can only swallow their anger in order to survive and rarely use the law to protect their rights.
The “Housekeeping and Employment Law” promulgated in September re-clarified some legal provisions. For example, employers and nanny must sign formal employment contracts, practitioners must be at least 18 years old, and cannot work more than 8 hours a day or 48 hours a week. There are also very clear regulations on weekly rest hours, paid vacations on holidays, and social welfare. At the same time, the law also requires employers to respect nanny and prohibits employers from requiring nanny to wear worker uniforms in public places.