How to live over 100

  Birth, growth, aging, death-this seems to be the natural cycle of human existence. But in this cycle, some people live a long and healthy life, and some people end the journey of life prematurely. Jeanne Louis Calment of France lived 122 years and 164 days, becoming the holder of the longest lifespan in the Guinness Book of World Records. Is there any way to make ordinary people live longer, so that more people can live a hundred years like Carment?
  Scientists have found three methods that have the most potential in delaying aging and extending life.
  Telomerase major combat
  in our bodies almost all cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes, each chromosome contains a long DNA molecule chain, there is a body called the telomere structure at the end of the molecular chain. Telomeres play an important role in delaying aging. Every time a cell divides, the telomeres become shorter. Eventually, the telomeres become too short to help the cell continue to divide. The body is unable to produce new cells to replace the old cells, so the body is insufficiently vigorous and gradually ages.
  However, scientists have discovered that an enzyme, telomerase, can be extracted from certain stem cells. Under the action of this enzyme, telomeres can grow again. One of the reasons why cancer cells can survive so long is the action of telomerase. Since telomerase is so magical, why not try to use telomerase to help cells divide and keep your body young forever?
  In fact, as early as 2011, researchers at Harvard Medical School in the United States have successfully implemented this process. They implemented telomerase therapy on a group of mice that had experienced physical deterioration of aging, and the results were amazing. The aging-related diseases in these mice were gradually healed, and the mice showed better physiological conditions and appeared younger .
  But the ultimate goal of this experiment is not only to extend life, but more importantly, to improve the quality of life in old age. This is the true end of this research. Aging cells will accelerate the production of senile diseases, and these diseases make many elderly people miserable in the last stages of life. Using telomerase to repair the body damage caused by aging, delay the aging process, and help us live longer in a healthy state.
  Anti-aging drug
  to slow aging by taking the drug, the idea sounds very credible, but scientists have indeed found such a number of agents. Rapamycin and metformin are two relatively effective agents.
  Rapamycin is a drug used to prevent organ transplant rejection, and the target protein of rapamycin is the target of rapamycin (a drug target refers to a biological macromolecule that has a pharmacodynamic function and can be acted on by drugs. The essential ingredient in medicine), which is very sensitive to nutrition. When the cells are adequately nourished, the target protein of rapamycin will promote the growth of the cells, but once the nutrition is insufficient, the target protein of rapamycin will exert its magic power, allowing the cells to recycle their own aging molecules, process them, and transform them. Waste into treasure, self-circulation, self-sufficiency. Experiments show that rapamycin can delay the aging process of worms, flies and mice. However, the effect of this drug on humans has yet to be further verified.
  Another anti-aging agent is metformin. This medicine can increase the anaerobic metabolism of glucose in the muscle and reduce the energy supply of glucose to muscle tissue. It is mainly used to treat diabetes. Experiments on worms and mice have shown that metformin can extend the lifespan of these animals and also help reduce the risk of diabetes in these animals. It is still unclear whether this drug is beneficial to healthy people to prolong lifespan. Researchers in the United States hope that clinical trials will be able to verify the drug’s life-extending effect in the future.
  The future of anti-aging road
  we are in the midst of a technological revolution, who do not know what a few hundred years what will happen. Many scientists or technicians persevere in pursuit of longevity, hoping to stay healthy and live to the era of more advanced and extraordinary medical technology. With the rise of superintelligence, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence, we should be able to solve extremely complex problems related to human aging.
  According to contemporary technology, scientists have been able to create relatively successful robotic arms that can perform actions in accordance with the wearer’s mind. In the future, we may be able to transcend physical constraints and, with the aid of technology, use some advanced methods to become “super transplanters”-not only can replace some parts of the limbs, but also extend life span through gene repair and cloning technology , Can even store all thoughts and memories, and exist forever like a machine.
  One day in the future, when we have the opportunity to become super transplanters, we can live longer, live a hundred years with ease, and eventually even be able to completely deceive the god of death, and decide when to end our life according to our own wishes. However, there is still a long way to go to enter that future.