Death of the Holy City

  After going ashore from the east side of the Mediterranean Sea, along the gentle slope, about 70 kilometers eastward, we arrived at the world-famous ancient holy city-Jerusalem. In Hebrew and Arabic that belong to the same language family, “Jerusalem” means “foundation stone” or “city”, “Salam” means “peace”, and “Jerusalem” means “city of peace” .
  The holy city of Jerusalem millennium
  BC, around the year 3000, the Jebusites (Canaanites and the Jebusites tribes from the Arabian Peninsula is the earliest known inhabitants of Jerusalem) built a fortress Jesus is called “Zion,” the Booth, this is the prototype of Jerusalem. In the 10th century BC, after King David unified the Hebrew tribes, he chose Jerusalem as his capital and called it the City of David. King Solomon, the son of David, built a magnificent and magnificent temple on the Temple Mount in the city as a place to worship God, Jehovah. Inside the temple was an ark of the covenant engraved with the “Ten Commandments of Moses”.
  The Temple of Solomon was later destroyed by the Babylonians, and the Jews rebuilt it on the site of the original temple. This is the second temple. When the Roman army conquered Palestine in the first century AD, Jerusalem was once again razed to the ground and the Second Temple was gone.
  The Jewish Temple has not been rebuilt again. The Jews who remained in Palestine used stones to build a large wall 48 meters long and 18.9 meters high on the ruins of the original temple. Because this wall was located on the western outer wall of the original Second Temple, the Jews called this wall the “Western Wall”. On religious holidays, Jews gather under the wall to perform ceremonies, chanting, praying, and weeping to remember the ancestors and the suffering of Jews over thousands of years. Therefore, this wall is also called the “wailing wall”.
  In addition to the “Wailing Wall”, Jerusalem has many other Jewish monuments, such as the Temple Mount, Mount Zion, the site of the City of David, the Tomb of King David, and the Tomb of the Prophet.
  In the late 19th century, after the rise of the Zionist movement, groups of Jews emigrated from Europe to Palestine. The small ancient city could not accommodate more and more immigrants, so a new residential area was slowly formed outside the West Gate, which was later called the New City or West Jerusalem, while the walled ancient city was called the Old City or the East City. After the founding of Israel, many residential houses, schools, hospitals, shops, hotels, office buildings, etc. were built in the new city. The formerly desolate hills have now become bustling and noisy cities.
  To appreciate the entire city of Jerusalem, it is best to climb the Mount of Olives in the east of the city at dusk and look west. In the distance is the new city, which is dominated by government agencies and Jewish communities. Close by is the Old City and Temple Mount. Most of the religious and historical sites are concentrated in and around the Old City of Jerusalem. The old city is surrounded by magnificent walls, with eight gates connecting the inside and outside of the city. The old city is divided into four parts, the largest is the Muslim quarter in the northeast corner, the northwest corner is the Christian quarter, the southeast corner is the Jewish quarter, and the southwest corner is the smallest Armenian quarter.
  Jewish Passover
  Passover is one of the major feasts of Judaism in the Jewish New Year.
  The Jewish Passover dinner has a complicated and symbolic procedure. The first is to light a candle to signal the start of dinner, pray and drink the first glass of wine. After washing hands, eat the first plate. At this time, the greens in the plate are immersed in salt water to symbolize the bitterness of being enslaved in Egypt. After that, a piece of unleavened bread is broken, and half of it is hidden, and then the cloth covering the bread is opened, and the poor are invited to eat with equal emphasis. Tell the story of transcendence. Drink the second glass of wine that symbolizes salvation. After washing their hands again, they blessed, broke the unleavened bread, and then added bitter vegetables to eat. This is a commemoration of their ancestors suffering from spiritual and physical oppression in Egypt. At this time, the ritual is suspended, enjoy the pre-cooked dinner, then look for the bread that was hidden before, drink the third glass of wine after the meal, and sing hymns. Finally drank the fourth glass of wine and blessed: Passover will be celebrated in Jerusalem next year (this tradition has continued since the Middle Ages).
  Passover and Pentecost (commemorating the 50th day after the Israelites came out of Egypt, God gave Moses the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai) and the Feast of Tabernacles (commemorating the tent life of the Israelites 40 days before they left Egypt and entered Canaan) It is the three most important religious holiday for Jews every year, and many Jews from all over the world return to Israel to celebrate the festival. The festivals stipulated by the Jewish law include the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Dedication, the Feast of Purim, the Reading Feast, the New Year’s Day, the Day of Atonement, the Day of Mourning, and the Sabbath.
  Christians re-take the “sorrowful road”
  For Christians, the sanctity of Jerusalem is no less than that of Jews. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, a small town 17 kilometers south of Jerusalem. He later spread a new religion in this area. He was finally crucified by the Roman governor on the cross of Golgotha ​​Hill. He was resurrected 3 days later and ascended to heaven 40 days later.
  At the beginning of the 4th century AD, Queen Mother Hirana, the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, traveled to Jerusalem and ordered the construction of the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre at the site of Jesus’ death and burial, which is now located in the Old City of Jerusalem. This majestic building is divided into three parts, including the resurrection church on the tomb, the magnificent rectangular crucifixion church and the cross on the rock. Since 614 AD, the cathedral has been burned, demolished, and rebuilt one after another. After the Crusaders entered Jerusalem in the 12th century, it was converted into a Romanesque rectangular church. There are many legendary sacred relics, relics and ruins in the cathedral. Christians, regardless of denomination and affiliation, regard Jerusalem as a holy place.
  In Jerusalem, since the 14th century, devout Christians in Europe have come here to walk the hard way until today. In the early morning, they set off from the second stop of the painful road-the flogging hall where Jesus was carrying the cross (the first stop is diagonally opposite, where Jesus was judged), carrying a huge and heavy cross, and singing hymns. Walk along the cobblestone path. In front of the nameplates and statues at each station, there will be a stop to pray with the accompanying priest.
  The last five of the roads stood at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, entered the church, turned right and stepped on the stairs, and ran to Golgotha ​​Mountain where Jesus was nailed to the cross. The twelfth stop is where Jesus died when he was erected on the cross. There is a round marble hole in front of the altar, which is said to be the hole where the cross was erected. Countless devout believers lined up to touch this hole, filling up the entire Golgotha ​​mountain. From the 13th stop to the left is the last stop of the Tomb of Jesus, where people lined up to touch the marble on the tomb of Jesus.
  Now part of the cathedral is the cathedral of the Orthodox Bishop of Jerusalem, and the other part is owned by the Catholic Franciscans; the Coptic, Syrian and Armenian churches also occupy part of the church. The birthplace of St. Mary, the mother of Jesus, is also not far away, where the Crusaders built St. Anne’s Church.
  There are still many places mentioned in the Christian “Bible·New Testament” in the old city, such as the Mount of Olives, Giusmani Gardens, and the site of the Last Supper. The main Christian holidays are Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, Ascension Day, All Saints’ Day (Halloween), etc. Thousands of Christians from all over the world come to make pilgrimages and hold religious activities every year.
  Holy Land of the Islamic world
  , while the Jews of Jerusalem called the Holy Land, another major religion of Islam believers put their holy places in Jerusalem called. In Islam, Jerusalem is the third holiest place after Mecca and Medina. According to legend, one night in the ninth year (AD 619) after the founding of Islam, Muhammad took a flying horse from Mecca to Jerusalem, stepped on a huge rock to the seventh heaven, and listened to the blessings and revelations of Allah. Later, the Arabs built two mosques on Muhammad’s ascent. One is called the “Dome of the Rock”, under the golden dome is covered the huge boulder that Muhammad stepped on to the sky; the other is called the Al-Aqsa Mosque (the third holiest mosque in Islam, second only to the holy mosque of Mecca and Mai Dina Prophet’s Temple), “Aqsa” means distant, because Muhammad came here from far away Mecca, so it is also called “distant temple”.
  According to legend, the “Remote Temple” was originally built by the great Arab prophet Ibrahim, and later completed by the prophet Suleiman. In 638 AD, reconstruction and construction were carried out successively. Until the beginning of the 11th century, a large dome with Islamic characteristics was added, decorated with gilt and gold, standing high in the blue sky, majestic and magnificent.
  Eid al-Fitr is one of the three major festivals in Islam, starting in the second year of the Islamic era. According to the Islamic classics, Muhammad had to go to the Hilla Stream near Mecca to meditate and pray every Ramadan before his mission. He was ordered by Allah to be the “messenger” this month. This is Ramadan, to commemorate the coming of the Quran this month. At the same time, “fasting can make rich people taste the taste of hunger.” In the Islamic calendar, the month of Ramadan is September every year. All healthy adult Muslims should fast for the whole month, that is, from before dawn to sunset, eating and drinking and intercourse are prohibited. If you see a new moon in the evening of the 29th day of fasting, the next day will be Eid al-Fitr; if you do not see it, you will seal another day for a total of 30 days. The second day will be Eid al-Fitr to celebrate the successful completion of one month of fasting. Now, Eid al-Fitr has become a traditional holiday for all ethnic groups who believe in Islam. On this day, Muslims take a bath, put on festive costumes, visit relatives and friends, pay respect to each other “Sailiangmu” (meaning greetings), and go to the mosque to participate in festive gatherings.
  In addition, Islam also has the festival of Gurban, also known as the “Eid al-Adha”, Sacred Ji, Bai Lati, Ghadel Night, Ashu La, Deng Xiao, Fatima Day of Death, etc.
  The same kind of roots of the same paper
  studies have shown that experts dispute between Israel and the Palestinians in the final analysis is the national problem, but by the root, we find that Jews and Arabs are Semites and the same culture. According to the “Bible Old Testament”, Abraham (called Ibrahim in Arabic)’s wife Sarai has never had children, so Sarai gave her maid Hagar to her husband as a concubine, and the child born to Hagar was named ” Ishmael”. When Abraham was 99 years old, his wife Sarai became pregnant and gave birth to a child called “Isaac”. According to legend, Ishmael’s descendants are Arabs, while Isaac’s descendants are Jews. The legend of the Arabs is very similar to this, except that the name of the protagonist is Arabized.
  Jews and Arabs have many common characteristics in language, and both belong to the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asian language family. Even the Hebrew and Arabic letters, which look very different, belong to the same Semitic-the Alama alphabet.
  Today, people expect that the ancient Jewish and Arab nations can use their wisdom to bring true peace to the ancient holy city of Jerusalem.