The neglected mysterious pothole zone

  In remote ancient times, aliens came to the earth by spacecraft, and they played an important role in the development of the civilization of the earth people. They helped the earth people build some great civilizations and built many ruins that modern people cannot understand. They not only created huge and mysterious paintings in the Nazca Wasteland in Peru, but also dug thousands of mysterious pits in the nearby Pisco Valley…
  Some people believe in the Nazca paintings and the Pisco Pit. This is how the hole is created. Archaeologists have been studying the paintings of Nazca for decades, and there are still mysteries still unsolved, and the Pisco pit has still left archaeologists in the mist.
  A fog
  brought out by a phone call In 2013, a man from Pittsburgh called Charles Stanislas, an expert on Andean culture at the University of California. The man talked about the Pisco crater and said it was evidence that aliens had come to Earth. This aroused the interest of Stanislas, because the Pisco pothole was on the slopes of Silpe Mountain not far east of the Nazca land painting, and Stanislas worked in the Nazca wilderness area for more than 30 years, but from Never heard of this site.
  Out of curiosity, Stennis and his colleagues searched the site with Google Earth, and they were shocked by the satellite images they saw-the area was full of potholes, scattered on the hillside in disorder, and looked like an explosion. The ground was devastated afterwards, but it seemed to be arranged according to a certain pattern. After consulting the information, they were surprised to find that this site appeared in a photo taken by the American geographer Robert Sibe as early as 1931, and this time was only three years after the discovery of the Nazca land. But the strange thing is that the relevant research data is almost zero.
  Because of this, Pisco’s pothole is even more mysterious. Because in common sense, the Pisco crater is near the Nazca paintings. There is no reason not to attract the attention of archaeologists, but why have you never seen any professional research results? Did the archaeologists fail to study, or did they find something mysterious, such as the site is related to aliens, so that they are unwilling to publish the results of the research?
  An archeology led by curiosity
  In 2015, Stanislav and another colleague decided to find out. They came to the location of the Pisco pit. At the scene, the scene they saw was far more spectacular than that seen on Google Maps-a belt of pits, about 1,600 meters long and 20 meters wide, made up of thousands of potholes extending from the Pisco Valley To the slopes of Mount Silpe.
  After site survey, they found that most of the potholes are about 0.9 meters wide and 0.5 to 1 meter deep. Some of the pits are only artificially dug earth pits, while the walls and bottoms of some pits are paved with a layer of stones. The strange thing is that these potholes actually avoid the volcanic rock on the hillside perfectly, and their size and location seem to have been carefully designed. In addition, they also discovered that the site can be divided into several areas, each of which has a different style of potholes.
  In order to investigate the Pisco pit site more comprehensively, Stanislav also used drones to take images from the air to build a detailed map of the Pisco pit zone. Through the integration of data, they estimate that there are about 5,000 to 6,000 potholes. This is a huge project. According to a rough calculation, if these potholes were dug at one time, then the potholes of the entire site would need about 100 workers to dig it for about 300 days to complete.
  So, when did these potholes appear? They found that there were not only roads opened by the Incas near the Pisco pit site, but also found granaries used to store food during the Inca civilization. In addition, they found some pottery from the Inca Empire period near the pothole. Therefore, they believe that the time when the Pisco pit appeared should coincide with the time when the Inca Empire conquered the local indigenous people-the Chincha in the 15th century. Although these are indirect evidences, it makes sense to string together these evidences. In addition, based on all the information collected, archaeologists believe that these pits are used to store things.
  Inspired by a new interpretation brought
  so, these potholes are used to store what is it? This is a problem, because Stanislav and his colleagues have never found anything in the pothole. But they got inspiration from the study of another site.
  There is a newly discovered Inca site about 120 kilometers north of the Pisco crater. Peruvian archaeologist Alejandro Chu found a large number of knotted items-Chips in the granary of this site. It is braided from ropes of many colors, and different knots have different meanings. Archaeologists discovered that many of the chips here are related to various agricultural products and the quantity of agricultural products, and these chips are spread on the floor to form squares. Gary Ulton, an archaeologist at Harvard University in the United States, believes that these odd squares may represent the amount of tax paid by each farmer or family.
  The discovery of Chip’s squares gave Stennis some inspiration. He put forward an idea-Pisco pits may be used to measure things like those squares. Because they are all divided into size, the size is also carefully designed, the square represents the amount, so the pothole may also represent the amount.
  Stanislas found some corroborating evidence. About 6.4 kilometers from Mount Silpe, where the Pisco pit zone is located, there is Tambo Colorado, the administrative center of the 15th century Inca Empire. From the perspective of the trend of the pothole belt, it happens to follow the road from the bottom of the valley to Tambo Colorado. Then farmers planted various crops in the Pisco Valley, and paid part of them as “taxes” to the ruling class of the Inca Empire at the time of harvest. This seems to be a reasonable explanation. And in terms of location, the Pisco pit zone extends along the slopes from the Pisco Valley to Silpe Mountain. Compared with the surrounding terrain, the terrain at this location is relatively gentle, which is not only convenient for farmers to carry crops, but also more suitable These crops are stacked, so it is a suitable place to determine and register the amount of taxes paid by farmers.
  And this pothole zone is divided into several areas according to styles and specifications. These different areas may belong to different big families or clans.
  The new revelation provided with potholes
  But why not find a pothole and Pisco similar sites in other areas ruled by the Inca Empire? This is because the territory of the Inca Empire is vast, and some areas conquered by the Inca Empire will retain autonomy, and the farther away from the Inca center Machu Picchu, the more obvious the influence of “local characteristics”. In this way, the Pisco pit is probably a local weighing method devised by the actual ruler of the Pisco Valley.
  Of course, to prove these theories, archaeologists also need to find the most direct evidence-to find traces of crops in the potholes. If these pits have been used to store crops, they may still retain pollen or even phytoliths. Phytoliths are substances formed by the precipitation of silicon absorbed by plants during growth in cells or between cells. When plants die and decay, these substances will be hidden in the soil for preservation and can exist for a long time. Different plants have different cell morphologies, so the phytoliths produced by different plants are not the same. Therefore, archaeologists can detect specific types of plants by detecting phytoliths, such as the main local crops corn, pumpkins, etc. Wait.
  The archaeology of the Pisco pit zone also provides archaeologists with a new idea—whether some peculiar and indefinable sites are also like Pisco pits, but only used in certain cities of the Inca Empire. Where to weigh or store items? For example, some ruins that are considered to be used for sacrifices, but are different from traditional sacrifice places. In these sites, archaeologists found a large number of items, such as food. Usually archaeologists would think of these items as tribute for sacrifice. But if you think about it from a new perspective, are these places just for storing tributes or taxing? If so, the Pisco pit will be a pioneering and landmark in the archaeology of the Inca civilization.
  However, some people have different opinions. An Inca architecture expert from the University of California at Berkeley has his own opinion on Silpe Mountain. He believes that the Pisco Pothole should have existed before the Inca Empire conquered this area. Because before being conquered, the most important granaries in this area were concentrated in Silpe Mountain. In addition, he believes that these holes are not used to store food and other things, but to store manure, which was an important fertilizer in ancient times. Therefore, Mount Silpe is likely to be a place where farmers living in the Pisco Valley store important items, including grain (stored in granaries), and fertilizer (stored in potholes) to promote crop growth.
  At this point, the mystery of the Pisco pit has not been solved. This ancient site that has been hidden by the light of the Nazca land for many years is still waiting for archaeologists to give the final answer.