The mystery of British Stonehenge

  On the Salisbury Plain in southern England, there is a group of huge stones arranged quite neatly. This is the world-famous Stonehenge “Stonehenge.” This group of huge stones erected more than 4,000 years ago has aroused people’s constant curiosity and speculation. Some even say that Stonehenge is more mysterious than the pyramids. For centuries, megaliths have been associated with mysterious and bizarre legends, because no one really knows the purpose of Stonehenge.
  One guess: religious place
  scientists discovered near Stonehenge huge building – hedges, chapel, grave, pit. The findings further indicate that this area was once used as a venue for religious ceremonies. The study also found a remarkable relic-a 33-meter-long ancient burial mound containing a huge wooden structure. The researchers speculated that this may be a place where ancient tribes performed special ceremonies.
  Not long ago, the art critic Julian Spalding, who served as the curator of many British museums, put forward a surprising new theory that these boulders are not used to hold events on the ground, but to support a circle. Shaped wooden platform, and people’s sacrificial activities to the heavens are carried out on this platform.
  Guess two: the ancient astronomical observatory
  Another popular theory is that Stonehenge has the function of astronomical observations. As early as the 18th century, it was discovered that Stonehenge has the following characteristics: the main axis of Stonehenge points to the direction of the sunrise at the summer solstice, and the line of the two stones now marked as No. 93 and No. 94 in Stonehenge just points to the winter solstice. Direction at sunset. At the beginning of the 20th century, British astronomer Rockier further pointed out that if you stand in the center of Stonehenge and observe, then the No. 93 stone is exactly pointing to the location of Lixia (May 6) and Liqiu (August 8). , Stone No. 91 points exactly to the sunrise position of Lichun (February 5) and Lidong (November 8). Therefore, Rockier believes that as early as the time when Stonehenge was built, people had divided a year into 8 festivals, namely, the beginning of spring, the spring equinox, the beginning of summer, the summer solstice, the beginning of autumn, the autumnal equinox, the beginning of winter, and the winter solstice. Rockier’s research has aroused great interest among astronomers and archaeologists. They thought that Stonehenge was probably built by people in ancient times for observing celestial phenomena, and it was probably a very old “observatory.”
  Guess three: ancient rehabilitation center for pilgrims
  Some archaeologists believe Stonehenge is tantamount to “Neolithic Lourdes.” Lourdes is a sacred place in France, famous for its magical healing properties. Tomb supplies are scattered around Stonehenge and its rock fragments, representing a kind of anti-evil object, indicating that Stonehenge’s role in ancient times was first of all a pilgrimage site. At the same time, an unusual number of bones were found around Stonehenge, all of which showed signs of serious illness or injury. Analysis of the remains of the teeth showed that half of them came from outside Stonehenge. Based on the results of this excavation, archaeologists speculate that the reason why people came here may be that the stones here have healing powers. According to this hypothesis, we can restore that era: human beings with a low survival rate and disease fighting are the primary survival ability, and wars between tribes have increased the number of wounded, and a large number of people staggered to Stonehenge from all over Europe. , They hold their last hope, hoping that the magical power here can cure their illness or alleviate endless pain.
  Speculation 4: Ancient musical instruments
  In November 2014, British media reported that British archaeologists were allowed to strike these boulders. They found that these stones had different reverberations and produced different sound effects. They sound almost like wooden or metal clocks. This makes them think that the past use of these stones is almost like a church bell, and may even be a long-distance communication method.
  The researchers said that they tested all the stones, a few made a distinctive sound, and that many stones in Stonehenge showed signs of percussion. In this regard, a researcher called this discovery incredible, and believes that its sound may be heard from 800 meters away.
  Guess No. 5: Large cemeteries and celebration venues
  Some British archaeologists have also speculated that Stonehenge was once a large cemetery in the Stone Age, and later it was a place where regular celebrations were held. A research team led by Professor Parker Pearson, University of London, conducted tests on 63 corpses buried under Stonehenge. They speculated that this earlier Stonehenge was a collective cemetery where elite families were buried. There are equal numbers of men, women and children in the cemetery, and there is even a new-born baby skeleton. Some bodies were cremated and marked with blue stones. Here, archaeologists also found a scepter head symbolizing higher social status, and a small bowl for burning incense beside it. Professor Pearson said that “obviously not ordinary people” buried here.
  Archaeologists also excavated 80,000 animal bones in the area. After analyzing the teeth of these animals and the pottery unearthed locally, they concluded that these animals were eaten by people who came to the celebration banquet, and they were all eaten during the winter solstice. Eaten at the celebration of the summer solstice. At that time, no one lived in Stonehenge for most of the year. Based on this, it is estimated that people who came to the celebration would come to help build Stonehenge on a regular basis, and then dispersed. So it is not like a sacrificial place, but may be a monumental project to symbolize unity. Participants in the feast are all over the UK, even as far as Scotland