Are ancient war generals singled out?

  There was once a paragraph about the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, when Toyotomi Hideyoshi of Japan invaded North Korea and met Li Rusong’s Liaodong iron cavalry. At that time, there was a general in the Japanese army who went crazy reading “The Romance of the Three Kingdoms”. He admired the generals who were singled out in “The Romance of the Three Kingdoms”, so he jumped out and shouted, “Who and I’m on a ride?” Ming Jun thought He was crazy, and a musket beat him into a sieve. “One ride” is also called heads-up, which means fighting alone.
  Reading ancient romance novels, the most impressive thing is “single warrior.” When the two armies fought, the soldiers lined up. The generals on both sides ride on white horses or red horses, carry spears or broadswords, and wear silver helmets or golden armors. One of the generals rushed to the front line and rushed to the most dangerous front line, shouting loudly: “Who dares to go out and confront me?” At this time, in the opponent’s camp, neither can shoot him randomly nor use it. When they attacked him in groups, it turned out to be the same. A group of brave generals flashed out and rushed to the most dangerous front line, shouting loudly: “Who are you? Quickly report on the name, I will kill the unknown under my gun!” , Is a heads-up of two people. The result of a heads-up: if there is no one, or three or five, or dozens of matches, one general will be picked off. The soldiers did not make any counter-attack, and immediately gave up their hands, so the war ended.
  It feels like that as long as the leader wins, the whole army wins, and as long as the leader loses, the whole army loses. The victory or defeat of the entire war depends entirely on the level of martial arts of the two main generals. The soldiers only play a display role and have no real value. If this is the case, what else do those soldiers do? Are the soldiers just standing aside watching the excitement? Wouldn’t the soldiers rush to catch the single-handed enemy general?
  Therefore, some people have said that on the real battlefield, there is no single battle between generals, because it does not conform to the basic laws of war. The reason why the generals singled out in the novel is completely wishful thinking of the novelist. The purpose is only to attract readers with wonderful content. In fact, it’s not always true. In historical wars, there are still military generals singled out, but they are not as dramatic as in the novels, and they appear much less frequently. Also, the heads-ups recorded in the official history are often not considered “wars” in the true sense, and at best they are “duels”.
  For example, wars in the Spring and Autumn Period are very polite. First of all, the attacking party sends an envoy to explain why it wants to beat you. Then the beaten party also asked why he beat me. If the opponent asks him to fall down, the war will not start. A typical example is that the State of Qi went to fight the State of Chu. Chu’s envoy answered well, and the war did not start. It was decided to fight, the two parties agreed on a good time and selected a good place, everyone finished breakfast, and then started the fight. The time of war is generally one morning, and if it is a war, it will not exceed one day. People with white hair and young people cannot be killed. The enemy can only chase a certain distance when they are defeated. There was a war between Jin and Chu. The Jin army was defeated and a car broke down and couldn’t move. The soldiers of the Chu army told the soldiers of the Jin army how to do it. As expected, the car could run again according to what the soldiers of the Chu army said. So when the soldiers of the Jin army ran away, they said, “We don’t have any experience in escaping.”
  In fact, before the Song Dynasty, it was common for generals to be singled out. Many soldiers from the Tang Dynasty and before came by arresting strong men. . Armed herders can also fight by riding and shooting. The temporarily recruited peasants can’t do anything except cleaning the battlefield. In many cases, it is good to have these people stand in place on the battlefield. So in many cases, the most efficient way is to use the two main generals. In a duel, once the opponent’s generals are killed, the outcome is determined.
  Heads-up, which is a battle between individual generals. Singles did exist in ancient times. For example, in the Three Kingdoms period, Lu Bu singled out Guo Bang, and Sun Ce singled out Taishici. They all have historical evidence. Other dynasties, such as the Five Dynasties Iron Spear General Wang Yanzhang, were more famous, who was addicted to singles. The main commander was captured and the whole army was defeated. For example, in the battle of Hulaoguan in the Tang Dynasty, Dou Jiande Qingqi was injured and captured, and the 150,000 army suddenly collapsed. He has been operating in Hebei for many years, and he is considered to be a man who can compete with Li Yuan and Wang Shichong for the world, and he is destroyed in the first battle.
  Heads-up not only happened in ancient wars in our country, but also in ancient Japan that there was a tradition that each battle must be singled out first. First, the team puts out a powerful general, first sings, then rushes into the formation, and the opponent’s vanguard is singled out. The general samurai is proud to fight in front of the main stallion.
  Speaking of heads-up, it is necessary to talk about the dark arrows in the heads-up. The Romance of the Three Kingdoms disdains this. In fact, in ancient China, this kind of thing was nothing great. But in the Middle Ages in Europe, this is illegal. They forbid the use of crossbow arrows in battle. The purpose is to maintain the “dignity” of the noble knights. However, it does not work when encountering the barbarians, because the barbarians do not understand and do not want to follow the rules of the nobles. . In the final analysis, heads-up is to motivate morale. It is also the samurai’s purpose to show off their ability. Usually everyone will abide by the rules of heads-up. If you don’t comply, even if you win, you will be disdainful of the world.
  So, in a real war, has there ever been a situation where the leader and general are singled out to determine the outcome of the entire war? The answer is still there, and that is in the ancient Spring and Autumn Period. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the “car war” was once popular. Car battle, that is, the original prototype of the generals singled out. People know that in large-scale group army operations, the chief general is not allowed to go to the front line to kill the enemy. Therefore, it can be understood that the scale of wars that require the chief general to go to the front to kill the enemy is generally not too large. However, there are not many combatants in some countries, and they are always at a disadvantage in wars. Therefore, in order to win in group fights, the “chariot” was invented.
  The chariot, drawn by four horses, usually carries three people. The main general holds Chang Ge on the left, the deputy holds Chang Ge (or other auxiliary weapons) on the right, and the driver in the middle is the driver. The three men and the four horses must be wrapped in leather, armor, and fully armed (sometimes even with a sword on the horse’s head) so that they will not be easily injured when they rush into the enemy line. How long is Chang Ge? Generally three times the size of the human body, and probably at least a super long guy five meters away! The enemy is simply hard to get close. The thing in front of the head that resembles a spear and a sickle can be pierced, cut, and hooked. When fighting, no matter how many people the opponent convenes, you are not afraid. The chariot driver proficiently drove the horse to the most crowded and densely populated area and violently impacted. Immediately afterwards, the two sturdy and powerful generals on the chariot, one to the left and the other, simultaneously waved their long ge, stabs and sweeps wildly, just like cutting grass in a haystack. All enemies are regarded as grass and mustards and will be knocked to the ground in an instant. The main commander charged at the forefront, yelling: “Follow me!” Immediately, the many soldiers following the chariot, armed with knives, guns and swords, quickly rushed forward and knocked those who had been knocked to the ground. The wounded enemy soldiers were executed one by one. If a tank carries a thousand soldiers to rush and kill, then it will be no problem to kill five or six thousand or even tens of thousands of enemies. Such a powerful force depends entirely on the chariot and the two fighting generals. The soldiers following the chariot can only play a cooperative role. They followed the chariot tightly in a nervous mood, neither daring to rush too far, nor to fall behind. When the chariot wins, they kill the enemy and make merit; when the chariot loses, they disperse like birds and beasts. Therefore, in the ancient era of vehicle warfare, the main force in combat was generals, not soldiers. When both sides have tanks, it is necessary to have higher driving skills than whoever has a stronger martial art. The soldiers on both sides will consciously hide behind the chariots of both sides, and no one dares to appear easily. In this way, the two armies fought a decisive battle, with the soldiers behind and the master in front. The main generals on both sides shouted: “Follow me!” The main generals on both sides also rushed to the forefront of the battlefield. Chariots are looking for enemy chariots to rush; generals are looking for enemy generals to kill. As a result, the entire war became a battle between chariots and chariots, and the battle between the generals and the generals. If a certain side’s chariot overturns or the general dies, then the victory or defeat is determined, the battle is determined, and the soldiers will naturally either flee or surrender. This is probably the embryonic form of the generals singled out.
  Later, with the passage of time, when the scale of the war became larger and the weapons more and more advanced, it would be very dangerous and stupid to tie the victory or defeat of the entire war to the master.
  Throughout the history of thousands of years of ancient warfare, the methods of warfare are constantly being eliminated and updated, and the chief general has gradually moved back from the original dangerous position at the forefront to the last safe position. The male call to “follow me” eventually evolved into the cold command “follow me”.