The mystery of the Great Pyramid

   Egypt is a land steeped in ancient history and is considered by some to be the birthplace of Western civilization. Most ancient Egyptian monuments are located on the west side of the Nile, the territory of the dead. The monument to the east of the Nile is reserved for the living. Generations of ancient Egyptian pharaohs built large-scale stone buildings, dedicated to themselves and to the gods. However, in terms of the age of its construction, the pyramids and sphinxes are indeed incredible. Even scientists have not yet been able to figure out how they were built. Metaphysicists use the theme: Thousands of years before the era of the Pharaohs, there may be another civilization in Egypt: the pyramids and the Great Sphinx may be the legacy of the Atlantis civilization; only aliens may be able to move around the Great Pyramid Many doubts…
   Indeed, with the grandeur and complexity of the Great Pyramid, it provides metaphysicists with too many topics for speculation. So, is the Great Pyramid really related to the so-called “super civilization” or “extraterrestrial civilization”?
  
   Giza Pyramids
   on the Giza Plateau Egyptian capital of southwest of Cairo Giza, stands the world’s most famous Pyramids of Giza.
   The Giza Pyramids include the Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, the Pyramid of Menkala and other buildings. The Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the “Great Pyramid” and “The Pyramid of Cheops”) is the largest and oldest of the Giza pyramids. Archaeologists believe it is the fourth dynasty Pharaoh Khufu ( The mausoleum built by Cheops in Greek may have been built for as long as 20 years. Khufu’s chief minister, Hermon, is believed to be the one who presided over the construction of the Great Pyramid.
   According to estimates by archaeologists, the height of the Great Pyramid was 280 Egyptian cubits (an ancient measurement unit, 1 cubit equals 0.524 meters), which is equivalent to 146.5 meters. The Great Pyramid maintained the world’s highest man-made building record for more than 3800 years, and this record was not broken until 1300 AD. With weathering and the disappearance of the spire, the height of the existing Great Pyramid is 138.8 meters. The base of the Great Pyramid is square, and each side is 440 cubits long, equivalent to 230.4 meters. The volume of the Great Pyramid is about 2.5 million cubic meters. Approximately 2.3 million stones were used to build it. The average weight of the stones is 2.5 tons. It is the size of a car. The largest granite stone is found in the Great Pyramid. The tomb of the king, weighing 80 tons, was shipped from Aswan, 800 kilometers away. The total weight of these stones reached approximately 5.9 million tons. Based on these estimates, in order to build the Great Pyramid within 20 years, nearly 800 tons of rocks must be placed every day, or more than 12 huge rocks must be placed every hour.
   The Great Pyramid is surrounded by small pyramids and other buildings around it. On the east side of the Great Pyramid, stands the Pyramid Temple, which is 52.2 meters long from north to south and 40 meters wide from east to west, but it has almost completely disappeared from people’s sight, leaving only the black basalt stone blocks. path of. These basalt rocks seem to have been treated with a saw. According to archaeologists, this is a “super saw” weighing more than 130 kilograms. The saw teeth are made of copper and the blade length is close to 5 meters. It is installed on a wooden support and used with vegetable oil, emery, etc., and requires at least 12 people. The workers work together and can cut at a speed of 40 millimeters per minute.
   To the south of the Great Pyramid, there are four subsidiary pyramids commonly known as the “Queens Pyramid”. Three of them remain almost at their original height until today, but the fourth is almost completely destroyed due to severe damage. Below the paved road around the Great Pyramid is the tomb of Queen Hertfries, the wife of Pharaoh Snefru and the mother of Pharaoh Khufu. This mausoleum was discovered accidentally during an expedition. The tomb is intact, but the coffin is completely empty.
   The construction of the pyramids continued until the end of the Middle Kingdom period of Egypt (2000 BC-1785 BC), but those pyramids built after the Great Pyramid Group were relatively small. By the time of the New Kingdom (1580 BC to 1085 BC), all pyramids were looted by thieves. Later, the Egyptian royal family began to build mausoleums in the desert canyon, which is now known as the “Valley of the Kings”. Archaeologists speculate that the Great Pyramid was opened and looted as early as the Middle Kingdom, and some people later entered the Giza Pyramids. These are the reasons why Khufu’s mummies and funeral items have not been found so far.
   The owner of the Great Pyramid is Khufu, a pharaoh in the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt, and the second pharaoh in the Fourth Dynasty. Khufu was born to King Snefru and Queen Hutfries I, and the brother of Princess Tiberis. Unlike his father, Khufu was notorious for his cruelty and cruelty in the late folklore. Khufu had 9 sons, of which Jedfra became his successor. Khufu also had 15 daughters, one of whom would later become Queen Hertfries II. Many of Khufu’s sons are mentioned in ancient Egyptian documents, but his other children are only recorded in the tombs in Giza.
   Khufu has been in power since he was in his 20s, and he has been in power for about 23 years (some say it is 50 years or 63 years). During his reign, Khufu led his army to fight against Sinai, Nubia (an ancient kingdom in northeastern Africa) and the Libyans. Khufu’s tyrannical notoriety was only spread long after his death. According to the ancient historian Herodotus, Khufu not only abused the people but also treated his family in order to build his great pyramid.
   Most of the portraits of Khufu have been lost in the dust of history, and only one small statue is believed to be Khufu. Although Khufu was the creator of the Great Pyramid of Giza, it is ironic that the only statue of Khufu was not found in Giza, but was created by British Egyptologist Flinders Pey in 1903. Terry discovered it in the ancient city of Abydos. The statue did not have a head when it was first discovered, but Khufu’s name was engraved on it. Realizing the importance of this discovery, Petrie immediately ordered to stop the excavation and screened the soil in the area where the statue was found. Three weeks later, he found the head of the statue. Today, this statue is on display in the Cairo Museum, Egypt. In recent years, two suspected pictures of Khufu have been discovered.
   Before Khufu, only the pharaoh was qualified to own the pyramid as a tomb. In the Khufu era, his family members also had their own small pyramids, which constituted a family cemetery. The three small pyramids to the east of the Great Pyramid are believed to belong to his two wives and mother Hertfries I. Near these small pyramids are a series of stone chamber tombs (a form of tombs for burials of ancient Egyptian dignitaries, with rectangular flat tops, slanted outer walls, and built of mud brick or stone). The stone chamber tombs closest to the Great Pyramid belong to Kava The graves of Prince Bhufu and Khufuhaf I and their wives, then Prince Minhaf and Queen Hetfries II and Khufu’s granddaughters Melisanha II and III. When the largest of these stone chamber tombs (No. G7510) was excavated in 1927, a bust of Prince Anhalf (the younger brother who is half blood related to Khufu) was unearthed from the tomb. The statue is currently in Boston, USA Fine Arts Museum.
  
   Khufu ship: the world’s oldest boat
   when it comes to the Great Pyramid can not help but talk about it discovered next to Khufu ship, which is one of the largest known in the world, the oldest and best preserved ancient ship.