Oymyakon: the coldest village in the world

  Oymyakon Village is located 800 kilometers east of Yakutsk, the capital of the Russian Sakha Republic in Eastern Siberia, with an area of ​​about 422 square kilometers and is one of the cold poles in the northern hemisphere. On January 26, 1926, people measured the lowest temperature of -71.2℃ here. Since then, it has become the coldest village in the world and the place with the largest annual temperature difference in the world. The absolute annual temperature difference is 105℃. .
   Oymyakon means “unfreezing water” and refers to the Yiyan hot spring near the village. The permanent population here is only 500, and the Kolyma Highway, the only road leading to the city, is called the “Bone Highway” because it is too cold. In Oymyakon, the supply of food is a nuisance. The villagers here hardly eat vegetables and mainly feed on meat such as fish, reindeer, and horses. Things that you can’t finish eating will freeze in tens of seconds. So although the residents of Oymyakon have refrigerators, they are used for defrosting. The most famous local dish is sashimi. The raw materials are sturgeon, whitefish and whitefish. The taste is very delicious. It is said that the taste is similar to the famous “Spanish ham”.
   Because the weather is too cold, Oymyakon’s house structure is very special: the house is built on wooden piles with at least 1 meter distance from the ground. If it is built directly on frozen soil, the indoor heat may thaw the frozen soil and the house may collapse. Metal is very fragile at extremely low temperatures, so most of Oymyakon’s houses are made of wood, and three layers of wooden boards are used, with moss and other insulating materials in between. Most families in Oymyakon Village still rely on coal or wood for heating. It is said that in winter, each family burns almost an entire tree every day. Under such heating measures, the room is warm like spring, and people can even wear short sleeves at home. Oymyakon Village relies on coal for power supply. Once the coal supply is interrupted, the village will be paralyzed within 5 hours.
   Traveling in extreme cold weather is difficult. Foreign vehicles can hardly move in Oymyakon. Only Russian-made Ural off-road vehicles and Ulyanovsk jeeps can be launched here under the heat of blowtorch flames. After the vehicle is started, during the first few kilometers of driving, be sure to drive carefully in a straight line, otherwise the tires may fly off the axle when turning.
   If people move outdoors without any protective measures, they may get frostbite or even wind blows within a few seconds. Breathing outdoors, people can clearly hear the sound of their exhaled air becoming icy ballast. Low temperature brings many inconveniences to daily life, such as freezing of pen ink, freezing of glass lens, and rapid loss of battery power. As long as the car engine is turned off for a while, it may not restart.
   But in the face of the harsh low temperature, the villagers of Oymyakon can always figure out how to deal with it.
   Walking on the street, you will see the water pipes sprawling on the ground, because the frozen soil may damage the water pipes. In order to facilitate maintenance, there are heating stations along the way to ensure the flow of water in the pipe.
   Another problem caused by the freezing weather in Oymyakon is how to bury the dead. The villagers can only light a bonfire, burn it for several hours to thaw the soil, and then start digging. When encountering frozen soil, they can’t dig, and then set the fire to thaw. Repeatedly. It takes more than 3 days to dig a tomb where the coffin can be put down.
   For mobile phone control, although there is a network, the mobile phone cannot be turned on because of the low temperature. This is definitely bad news for patients with heavy mobile phone dependence.
   Oymyakon Village is famous for its longevity, where pure air and water, active lifestyle and healthy eating habits play an important role. In extreme cold weather, the survival of the fittest is obvious. Only very strong and healthy children can survive. Although the local people have a simple diet, they are adequately nourished, which is of great benefit to human health.
   Despite the bitter cold, the villagers of Oymyakang said: I enjoy it very much, and even yearn for the harsh winter… It’s really a land that feeds a person!