Meteorological weapons: restroom

   What is a weather weapon? Simply put, meteorological weapons are the general term for all weapons that use modern technology to artificially create earthquakes, avalanches, tsunamis, rainstorms, flash floods and other natural disasters to change the battlefield environment to achieve military purposes.
   Cold weapons
   In 1812, Napoleon, who swept Europe, was defeated by severe cold in the war to attack Russia. More than 100 years later, Hitler also encountered extreme cold here, which changed the course of the war. Back then, when Napoleon led an army of 600,000 to kill Russia, he did not expect that the beautiful pewter uniform buttons became a nightmare for the French. Tin is a metal element with silver-white luster and is widely used, such as tin foil, tin ware, etc. Tin has a very strange feature. When the ambient temperature drops to -13.2℃, it will slowly become a loose powder like coal ash, especially when the temperature drops to -33℃, the speed of this change will be greatly accelerated. . In other words, you will watch a good tinware turn into a pile of powder under certain low temperature conditions.
   When the French Expeditionary Army trudged hard in Russia, the sudden cold current caused a sudden drop in temperature overnight. Yesterday, the arrogant French were surprised to find that the buttons of the military uniform had been “stolen”! Clothes without buttons could not withstand the severe cold. Napoleon’s mighty army was brought down by the cold wind and snow before they could meet the enemy.
   So, is there any weapon that can make severe cold weather in reality?
   Theoretically, cold weapons can be manufactured. For example, we can detonate giant methane bombs, carbon dioxide bombs or sulfur dioxide bombs at high altitudes to form a certain insulation layer between the sun and the earth, causing the temperature in the area to drop. Nobel Prize winner Paul Crutzen once proposed that a large number of finely divided sulfur dioxide particles can be sprayed 20 kilometers above the surface, and the sulfuric acid cloud formed by it reflects part of the solar radiation, thereby alleviating the global warming caused by the greenhouse effect.
   However, it is not easy to turn the theory into reality: first, there must be a huge amount of chemical composition that can change the temperature, which cannot be achieved with the existing technology; second, the long-term consequences of this are difficult to predict. .
   At present, there are well-documented examples that are barely related to cold-making weapons. Only the Soviet Union implemented artificial snow during the Afghanistan War in an attempt to cause difficulties in the transportation and logistics of the guerrillas. In fact, the artificial snowfall did cause the local temperature to drop.
   Wind energy weapons
   In 1944, the U.S. Navy’s Third Fleet 38 Task Force, including the “Hornet” heavy aircraft carrier and the “Monterrey” and “San Gassinde” 5 light aircraft carriers, was located east of the Philippines. The typhoon “Cobra” hit the sea, causing the sinking of 3 destroyers, damage to 32 ships, damage to 142 aircraft, and the death of nearly 800 people.
   This shows how much damage wind energy can bring as a weapon. It is said that the American military got inspiration from this incident.
   Simply put, wind energy weapons can be roughly divided into two categories: one is to create a strong wind out of thin air by relying on high-tech means, and the other is to control or change the path of hurricanes generated in nature.
   Theoretically speaking, if the temperature of a certain place is increased in a short period of time, the air will rise rapidly, and then gradually drop after cooling at high altitude. The air pressure in the heated area will also drop, and the surrounding cold air will move here. At the same time, the flow of air will be affected by the deflection force brought about by the rotation of the earth, so that the airflow from the surrounding and high altitudes revolves around the heated area, forming an air vortex, and finally forming a large cyclone.
   So, can the existing technology of mankind realize the possibility of heating local air quickly?
   There has always been a gossip about ways to change or control the path of hurricanes formed in nature. It is said that it can be achieved by dispersing charcoal ash from airplanes to form thunderstorms, spreading silver iodide in the storm to make rain, and using nuclear bombs to cool the center of the storm. However, judging from the losses caused by Hurricane Michael, which hit the United States in 2018 and Hurricane Dorian, which hit the United States in 2019, it is obvious that the United States has not mastered the technology in this area.
   Tsunami weapon
   In the Hollywood action movie “American Assassin” released in 2017, a nuclear bomb was detonated on the ocean floor, which immediately triggered a tsunami. Not only did the huge waves overturn the destroyer, but the aircraft carrier was also buried on the ocean floor.
   A tsunami is a catastrophic wave. It is generally triggered by a submarine earthquake with an earthquake source within 50 kilometers of the sea floor and a Richter scale of 6.5 or higher. It can set off huge waves tens of meters high, and shoot to the land at a high speed of nearly 1,000 kilometers per hour, swallowing everything that is affected and causing devastating damage.
   So, can a nuclear bomb cause a tsunami?
   In 1946, the United States carried out the so-called “Operation Crossroads” on Bikini Atoll. Among them, the underwater nuclear explosion test is to test the strike power of nuclear weapons against surface warships. During the operation, a nuclear bomb with an equivalent of about 20,000 tons was detonated at a depth of 27 meters, causing a landing ship in the center of the target ship array to be gasified by a nuclear explosion without leaving any wreckage. In addition, an aircraft carrier, two battleships, and three submarines were sunk, and a heavy cruiser was severely damaged.
   In 2018, the Russian nuclear-powered unmanned submarine “Poseidon” program was confirmed. This unmanned submarine equipped with a megaton nuclear warhead can dive to a depth of 1 kilometer below the sea surface, with a maximum speed of over 100 kilometers per hour, and a navigation distance of up to 10,000 kilometers. It is almost impossible to intercept it with the existing technical equipment of mankind. Even more frightening is that the “Poseidon” can carry and launch nuclear torpedoes with the equivalent of megatons.
   Once the Russian nuclear torpedo is launched and detonated, it will inevitably trigger a huge tsunami, which can cause huge waves as high as hundreds of meters. There is no doubt that the “Poseidon” system is a genuine tsunami weapon.
   The largest tsunami recorded by mankind occurred in Lituya Bay, Alaska. It was triggered by an 8.3-magnitude earthquake and formed a 524-meter-high wave. In 2011, the tsunami caused by the “March 11” earthquake in Japan caused more than 20,000 casualties, missing persons and huge economic losses. It can be seen how powerful the tsunami weapon is and how severe the damage it will cause.
   There are actually many meteorological weapons in a broad sense. Humans have now mastered more than 20 weather-influencing technologies. For example, artificial rainfall, artificial clouds, artificial lightning, and artificial hurricanes used for war purposes are all meteorological weapons. However, different weather conditions often have different effects on military activities. Even under the same weather conditions, they often produce different results depending on whether the commander and the troops are used properly.
   Meteorological weapons are a “double-edged sword” for human beings. Once they are used incorrectly, they are very likely to cause incalculable and serious impact on both sides of the war, and even cause irreversible and devastating damage to the geology and ecology of the entire earth. Therefore, , Humans must be cautious when using them.